Containing Arab Nationalism: The Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East
UNC Press Books, 2004 - 377 pagine
Under the Eisenhower Doctrine, the United States pledged to give increased economic and military aid to receptive Middle Eastern countries and to protect--with U.S. armed forces if necessary--the territorial integrity and political independence of these nations from the threat of "international Communism." Salim Yaqub demonstrates that although the United States officially aimed to protect the Middle East from Soviet encroachment, the Eisenhower Doctrine had the unspoken mission of containing the radical Arab nationalism of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, whom Eisenhower regarded as an unwitting agent of Soviet expansionism. By offering aid and protection, the Eisenhower administration hoped to convince a majority of Arab governments to side openly with the West in the Cold War, thus isolating Nasser and decreasing the likelihood that the Middle East would fall under Soviet domination.
Employing a wide range of recently declassified Egyptian, British, and American archival sources, Yaqub offers a dynamic and comprehensive account of Eisenhower's efforts to counter Nasserism's appeal throughout the Arab Middle East. Challenging interpretations of U.S.-Arab relations that emphasize cultural antipathies and clashing values, Yaqub instead argues that the political dispute between the United States and the Nasserist movement occurred within a shared moral framework--a pattern that continues to characterize U.S.-Arab controversies today.
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THE UNITED STATES AND THE ARAB MIDDLE EAST19411956
BIRTH OF A DOCTRINE NOVEMBER 1956JANUARY 1957
LAUNCHING THE DOCTRINE JANUARYAPRIL 1957
THE CONSERVATIVE MOMENT MARCHJUNE 1957
THE SYRIAN CRISIS JULYDECEMBER 1957
THE NASSERIST ONSLAUGHT JANUARYAPRIL 1958
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Abd al-Ilah action Allen Dulles American Amman April Arab leaders Arab nationalism Arab world army attack August Ba'thists Baghdad Pact Beirut British Embassy Cairo Chamoun communist Confidential U.S. conservative Arab countries coup crisis Damascus DDEL December Department Central Files desp diplomat Dulles's early economic Egypt Egyptian Embassy Eisenhower administration Eisenhower and Dulles Eisenhower Doctrine Eisenhower's February folder forces foreign FRUS Haykal ibid intervention Iraq Iraqi Israel Israeli J. F. Dulles January Jidda Jordan Jordanian July June King Hussein King Saud late Lebanese Lebanon March meeting of NSC memorandum of conversation Middle East Middle Eastern military Nasser Nasserist November Nuri October political position PREM president prime minister pro-Western proposed reel regime region resolution Rountree Saud's Saudi Arabia Secretary September 1957 Soviet Union Syria telephone conversation tels tion U.S. Consulate U.S. Embassy U.S. officials U.S. policy U.S. State Department United Washington West Western
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