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PREFACE.

ment.

For some long time past it has been widely felt that a reduction in the cost of Classical Works used in schools generally, and more especially in those intended for boys of the middle classes, is at once desirable and not difficult of accomplish

For the most part only portions of authors are read in the earlier stages of education, and a pupil is taken from one work to another in each successive half-year or term ; so that a book needlessly large and proportionably expensive is laid aside after a short and but partial use.

In order, therefore, to meet what is certainly a want, Portions of the Classical Writers usually read in Schools are now being issued under the title of GRAMMAR SCHOOL TEXTS ; while, at the request of various Masters, it has been determined to add to the series some of the Gospels in Greek.

Each Text is provided with a VOCABULARY of the words occurring in it.

In every case the

origin of a word, when known, is stated at the commencement of the article treating of it, if connected with another Latin, or Greek, word ; at the end of it, if derived from any other source. Further still, the primary or etymological meaning is always given, within inverted commas, in Roman type, and so much also of each word's history as is needful to bring down its chain of meanings to the especial force, or forces, attaching to it in the particular “ Text.”

Moreover, as an acquaintance with the principles of GRAMMAR, as well as with ETYMOLOGY, is necessary to the understanding of a language, such points of construction as seem to require elucidation are concisely explained unáer the proper articles, or a reference is simply made to that rule in the Public Schools Latin Primer, or in Parry's Elementary Greek Grammar, which meets the particular difficulty. It occasionally happens, how. ever, that more information is needed than can be gathered from the above-named works. When such is the case, whatever is requisite is supplied, in substance, from Jelf's Greek Grammar, or the Latin Grammars of Zumpt and Madvig.

LONDON : January, 1875.

CONTENTS.

1-4. Introduction.--5. Catiline's character. --6--13.

Origin of the Roman nation. Political and social condi.

tion of the Romans from the arrival of Æneas in Italy to

the time immediately antecedent to Catiline's conspiracy.

-14. Catiline surrounds himself with men of abandoned

character and desperate fortune. His mode of gaining

ascendancy over young men.--15. His licentious early

life and personal appearance. --16. Moulds the youth

around him to his purposes. Calculating on them as his

ready tools, and being overwhelmed with debt, forms

the design of overthrowing the Republic.-17. Assembles

his associates. The younger men everywhere favourable

to his design. Crassus believed to be privy to it.-18.

Previous conspiracy of Piso, Centronius, and Catiline. —

19. Piso sent, as Proprætor, into Hither Spain. Killed

by men under his command. – 20. Catiline harangues his

associates. —21. Holds out to them magnificent promises.

Appeals to their passions and necessities. Dismisses them.

-22. Rumour respecting the mode by which he attempted

to impart greater force to the oath administered to them.

—23. Q. Curius suspected by Fulvia of harbouring de-

signs against the State. Fulvia discloses her suspicions

to several persons.

Public opinion favours the appoint-

ment of Cicero as Consul. --24. Cicero and Antony

elected Consuls. Catiline makes preparations for a rising

in various parts of Italy. Considerable accession to

Catiline's party. Catiline counts upon several women of
abandoned character raising the slaves throughout the

city, and either killing their husbands or attaching them

to his cause. ---25. Sempronia. Her rank, accomplish-

ments, and profligacy.-26. Catiline endeavours to secure

his election to the Consulship of the following year.

Plots against Cicero. Cicero obtains information through

Fulvia of Catiline's proceedings. Catiline finding all his

plans unsuccessful determines upon war.-27. Sends emis.

saries into various parts of Italy. Makes preparations

for a rising at Rome. Assembling his associates, ex-

presses a desire to get rid of Cicero.—28. Cicero's assas-

sination volunteered by Cornelius and Vargunteius. Cicero

getting intimation of the attempt to be made on his life,

Cornelius and Vargunteius are foiled. Proceedings of

Manlius in Etruria.–29. Cicero assembling the Senate

informs it of the threatened danger to the state.-30.

Sænius reads to his fellow-senators a letter which he had

received respecting Manlius. Prodigies reported. The

Senate despatches generals to those parts of Italy, whither

Catiline's emissaries had gone. Rewards offered for in-

formation. Precautions at Rome.-31. Anxiety and alarm

of the citizens. Catiline appears in the Senate. Attempts

to impose upon it. Inveighs against Cicero. A general

cry raised against him. His rage and threats.—32.

Rushing out of the Senate-house, he proceeds to join

Manlius in Etruria. Cethegus, Lentulus, and others re.

main in Rome to carry out his instructions. Catiline

promises to rejoin ihem speedily with an army.-33.

Manlius sends a verbal communication to Q. Marcius

Rex.—34. Reply of Marcius. Catiline writes to several

men of consular rank, attempting to justify his con-

duct. Sends to Q. Catulus a letter of an entirely dif-

ferent character.-35. Copy of the letter.-36. Catiline

arming some of his followers marches towards the camp
of Manlius. Assumes the fasces and other ensigns of

authority. Catiline and Manlius adjudged eneinies to

jhe state. Their followers allowed a certain time for

laying down their arms. Consuls ordered to levy troops.

Antony sent in pursuit of Catiline. Care of the city

entrusted to Cicero. Sallust deplores the state of Rome.

The offer of a reward fails to secure information. None

of Catiline's followers abandon him.--37–39. The com-

mon people favour Catiline. Reason of this. A son of

a Senator having set out to join Catiline is brought back

and put to death by his father. Attempts of Lentulus

to forward the cause of the conspiracy in Rome. --40.

Umbrenus tries to secure the co-operation of the ambas-

sadors of the Allobroges then in the city. Conducts them

to the house of D. Brutus, the husband of Sempronia.

Brutus absent from Rome. Allobroges informed of the

conspiracy, and who are engaged in it. Names, also,

of persons of various ranks mentioned, who are wholly

unconnected with it.—41. The Allobroges hesitate.

Give information to Q. Fabius Sanga, the patron of their

State. Sanga discloses the matter to Cicero. Cicero,

through Sanga, enjoins the Allobroges to pretend a

willingness to join in the plot. -42. Rash proceedings of

Catiline's confederates in various places. Several of them

taken and thrown into prison.–43. Plan adopted by the

conspirators in Rome.—44. The Allobroges require to be

furnished by the conspirators with evidence which shall

prove satisfactory to their countrymen. This supplied

and an oath given to them by Lentulus, Cethegus, and

Statilius. Cassius, making an excuse, quits the city.

Lentulus instructs Volturcius to take the Allobroges to

Catiline. Sends a letter to Catiline. Copy of the letter.

-45. Cicero, learning from the Allobroges what had

taken place, adopts measures for their arrest, and the

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