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leader, and acted in some measure as chief. He was a daring and determined spirit, and his pride and consequence were exhibited in his rejecting with contempt anything of a trifling character, whilst he shewed a sound judgment in appreciating aught of a useful nature. On one occasion he passed back a preserved-meat can, which the others always gladly accepted; and unless it was a knife, or a nail, or something of the sort, which was given him, a withering smile passed across his lips. If we might judge by the working of his features, his opinion of us was altogether contemptuous.
“A rather singular circumstance is connected with the coming of this individual and his party, which happened on the Sunday evening, whilst at our tent as before mentioned. It was then that the peculiar and dismal yelling cry, a loud and prolonged wail of the women in their canoes, moored to the kelp, was set up. We also thought that this 'Jemmy,' as we called him, was in all probability acquainted with a spot where we found the mutilated and charred remains of a human body, the skin of the head and face being undestroyed; and we were not without a suspicion that he might be the perpetrator of this work of malevolence. A sling was found near these remains.
“ Another thing to be noticed in .Jemmy' was his frequent change of complexion. At first he and his companions were painted black; this was afterwards exchanged for white streaks, and then gave
place to a very tastefully executed ornamental painting of white dots very orderly arranged. One of his two wives, as we suppose the young women to be who were generally in his canoe with him, was painted precisely like him, which we took express
his favor towards her. Both these were finely made persons, and really good looking; they had each an infant at the breast. I have been greatly struck with the quiet and easily abashed deportment of these young persons, and with their utter subjection to their master. Jemmy,' however, appeared to treat them kindly, and whatever beads or light articles we gave him, he handed to these companions.
“ After some days had elapsed, the natives returned on Saturday morning, January 4, about seven o'clock. The signal was given by our look-out, and 'Jemmy' and some others of our old acquaintance were soon alongside. But we found that others, to the number of eight canoes, were coming in sight; and as there are usually two men, and sometimes more, in each canoe, we knew that their strength was greatly superior to ours. Captain Gardiner got his glass, and he plainly enough saw that they were come purposely to attack us, as they were well provided with their war spears ; and moreover, they were taking in stones from the beach, the most certain evidence of their hostile intentions. No time was now to be lost, and with all speed both boats were got under sail.
Several circumstances here are to be recorded of the mercy of God to us. Had we been lying in Tent Cove, as the day before it was proposed we should, we never should have got out of it in time. Or had we had our tents rigged, as we all along had until two days before, when the high winds compelled us to take them down, we should not have been able to get the boats ready soon enough. Or had we not had moorings independent of our anchors, which we had but just been able to provide, we might not have been able to weigh our anchors in time to escape. And, lastly, had not a breeze sprung up just at the very minute we wanted it, we could not have got out and prevented the attack. As it was, we were able, by God's good and merciful care, to get out before they had time to enclose us.
“ The marks of disappointment and chagrin were but too evident in their manner, when they saw us safely passing beyond their reach. It was a merciful manifestation of God's care, and truly he answered our trustful expectations and dependence upon him. Had we been well armed, and come to open conflict with them, our chance of success had been poor ; but to resist them and to do them harm, would have been as great an evil, and as deeply to be regretted by us, as our receiving bodily injury from them, and would have occasioned a double necessity for flight. I had made this very thing a special subject of prayer ;
for the thought of injuring them, even in self-defence, is horror to my feelings, neither do I think I could lift up my head any more, were such a thing to happen. In our sudden flight we had to cut away the raft we had built as a substitute for our dingies, as well as the hawser by which we were moored. We were also in the exigency unprovided with water, having but a day's allowance or so with us, and without wood for our fire.
The Captain thought our only course was to go again to Blomefield Harbour, the same place we had tried to reach before; but on getting out into the Bay, it was clear we could not attempt it, the boats not yet being properly rigged, their scuttles not being on, and without bulwarks,—the spindles of both rudders being broken, and having no other wherewith to replace them. We therefore determined to sail eastward, and shaped our course accordingly, under favor of a fine fresh breeze from the west. On making the south-east point of Picton Island, we sought to find a cove on the south side, but in vain; and about noon, a dead calm coming on, we lay for some time anchored to the kelp. Here Captain Gardiner offered up a prayer to God, in gratitude for our merciful deliverance. Whilst we were lying here, the Captain expressed himself as being now entirely left to the directing hand of God, and that nothing remained for us, but to leave it to his good providence to direct us where next we should go. His original intention of fortifying Dothan Island, as he proposed in that case calling it, but which was afterwards, on the abandonment of the scheme, called Round Island, had been frustrated; as had our effort to take up our abode in Picton Island, and our several efforts to find a suitable spot on the north shore of the mainland, particularly our purpose to reach Blomefield Harbour, which the Captain thought so admirably suited to our wants. In fact, we had devised nothing that had issued in success, and we seemed to be getting disastrously crippled; being now without means altogether of getting ashore, unless unusual facilities should be afforded in the character of the harbour. New, Navarin, and Lennox Islands, remained for us to go to. Navarin had the disadvantage of being peopled thickly with the natives, but the light breeze which after a time sprung up seemed to determine in its favor. We accordingly for some time pursued our course for Navarin Island; but about midnight it fell calm, and continued so till near three o'clock, when a breeze from the N.W. sprang up, which soon increased to a heavy gale, and now, wind and tide against us, and unable to beat through the channel, we bore up for Lennox Island. We ran before the wind, passing every creek and cove, in search of a suitable place for anchorage, and between nine and ten, on the Sunday morning, Jan. 5, arrived off Lennox Harbour. We anchored during that day in the harbour, and next morning weighed for the