Heroes and Victims: Remembering War in Twentieth-Century Romania

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Indiana University Press, 20 nov 2009 - 376 pagine

Heroes and Victims explores the cultural power of war memorials in 20th-century Romania through two world wars and a succession of radical political changes -- from attempts to create pluralist democratic political institutions after World War I to shifts toward authoritarian rule in the 1930s, to military dictatorships and Nazi occupation, to communist dictatorships, and finally to pluralist democracies with populist tendencies. Examining the interplay of centrally articulated and locally developed commemorations, Maria Bucur's study engages monumental sites of memory, local funerary markers, rituals, and street names as well as autobiographical writings, novels, oral narratives, and film. This book reveals the ways in which a community's religious, ethnic, economic, regional, and gender traditions shaped local efforts at memorializing its war dead.

 

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Indice

Introduction
1
lMourning and Commemorative Practices before 1914
18
How Communities Coped with the Memory of Wartime Violence 19181940
49
3 Remembering the Great War through Autobiographical Narratives
73
Dialogues and Conflicts
98
From the Crusade against Bolshevism to Ceauşescus Cult of Personality 19401989
144
Forging the Mythology of AntiCommunism CounterMemory
194
7 The Dilemmas of PostMemory in PostCommunist Romania
223
Notes
253
Selected Bibliography
307
Index
337
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (2009)

Maria Bucur is John W. Hill Chair in East European History and Associate Professor of History at Indiana University Bloomington. She is author of Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania and editor (with Nancy M. Wingfield) of Gender and War in Twentieth-Century Eastern Europe (IUP, 2006).

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