Mechanism and Synthesis
This book pursues possible strategies for synthesising mainly organic compounds, particularly those of interest to the health sector and related industries. Topics covered include addition reactions of aldehydes and ketones; the use of organometallic reagents to form carbon-carbon bonds (eg Grignard reagents); and radical reactions, including selectivity and chain reactions. Retrosynthetic analysis is introduced as a strategy for developing syntheses, along with biochemical pathways. Mechanism and Synthesis concludes with a Case Study on polymers, which demonstrates how chain reactions can be used to build up useful materials with specific properties, such as contact lenses. The Molecular World series provides an integrated introduction to all branches of chemistry for both students wishing to specialise and those wishing to gain a broad understanding of chemistry and its relevance to the everyday world and to other areas of science. The books, with their Case Studies and accompanying multi-media interactive CD-ROMs, will also provide valuable resource material for teachers and lecturers. (The CD-ROMs are designed for use on a PC running Windows 95, 98, ME or 2000.)
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acetal acid chloride aldehydes aldehydes and ketones alkene alkyl alkyne alkynide amide amine anhydride anion aromatic aryl attack benzene biosynthesis bond disconnections bond-forming reaction bromide C–C bond C6Hs carbon nucleophile carbon–carbon bond carbonyl compound carbonyl group carboxylic acid carboxylic acid derivatives CH3 CH3 chain chemist chemistry COOH curly arrows cyclization dimethylallyl pyrophosphate double bond electron electrophilic ester ethanoic example Figure formation Friedel–Crafts functional group give Grignard reagent H3CO haloalkane hemiacetal hydrogen atom identify intermediate involves isopentenyl pyrophosphate ketone Learning Outcome leaving group LiAlH4 lithium mechanism mevalonic acid molecular framework monomer º º organic organolithium compound organometallic compounds organometallic reagent oxidation oxygen atom polymer polymerization primary alcohol proton QUESTION radical reactions react reactive retrosynthetic analysis ring sche SCHEME ſº starting material step strategy structure substitution synthesis synthetic synthons target molecule terpenes tributyltin hydride yield