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FOR helpful suggestions in regard to the illustrations and for the loan of valuable photographs, the publishers desire to express their indebtedness to Professor Adeline Belle Hawes, of Wellesley College; Professor John Francis Greene, of Brown University; Professor Alexander Rice, of Boston University; and Mrs. Harriet Peirce Fuller, of the English High School, Providence. Thanks are also due to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Boston Public Library, and the Farnsworth Art Gallery at Wellesley College, for courteous permission to reproduce photographs from their collections.
LIST OF MAPS
PLAN OF THE FORUM IN CICERO'S TIME. From Plate
ITALY IN CICERO'S TIME.
THE ROMAN EMPIRE IN GREECE AND ASIA MINOR
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
[NOTE. Nearly all of the illustrations in this book have been made from photo. graphs. In the few exceptional cases, the publishers take pleasure in stating in this list the works to which they are indebted.]
Marcus Tullius Cicero.
From the bust in the Vatican, Rome. Brunn-Arndt photograph. [For discussion, see Bernoulli, v. I, pp. 138–140, T. xii; Burckhardt, v. I, p. 165] Frontispiece
IN THE INTRODUCTION
Scenes from the life of a famous Roman. Relief from a sarcophagus in the Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
"Cicero's Tower" at Arpinum
So-called ruins of Cicero's villa at Tusculum
Raphael's idea of Cicero. From Raphael's sketch book in the
The Forum in Cicero's time.
Restoration according to the descriptions in Ch. Huelsen, The Roman Forum, G. E. Stechert & Co., New York, 1909
IN THE TEXT
Headpiece Roman eagle and oak wreath. Ornament from
The insignia of the Pontificate. From the frieze of the temple
The end of a Roman bronze bed (Pompeii). Museo Nazionale,
Cicero before the Senate. From one of the Pomfret Marbles in the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, England. Photographed from the engraving by J. K. Sherwin, in Oxonii, E Typographeo Clarendoniano, 1783
Cicero and Catiline in the Senate. From the painting by
A city gate. Porta Latina, in Rome, as it is to-day
A Roman sacrifice, showing soldiers carrying the signa militaria. Relief of the time of Marcus Aurelius, from the Arch of Constantine, Rome
Ruins of the Roman theater at Fiesole (Faesulae)
L. Cornelius Sulla.
From the head in the Vatican, Rome. (See
An orator in the toga. British Museum, London
The Mulvian bridge. Ponte Molle, as it is now called, rests on the foundation of the Pons Mulvius, built by the Censor, M. Aemilius Scaurus, in B.C. 109. The four central arches are ancient