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friendly and submissive to Rome.

culāni. III. 18. Tusculana arx.

II. 15, 16. Inhabitants, Tus-

III. 23, 42. Tusculani colles,

(the hills above Tusculum.) III. 7, 8.

Tyrrhēnus-a-um, belonging to Tuscany. (See Etruria.)

Tyrrhenum mare, that part of the Mediterranean which washes the
west shores of Italy. V. 33.


Ulixes, or Ulysses, a Grecian prince, son of Laertes, and husband of
Penelope, of great wisdom and eloquence, king of Ithaca, and dis-
tinguished in the Trojan war, whose wanderings after its termina.
tion are celebrated in Homer's Odyssey. I. 49.

Umbri, the inhabitants of Umbria, a division of Italy, bounded on
the north by the river Rubicon, on the west by the Apennines
and the Tiber, on the south by the Sabines, on the east by Picenum
and the Hadriatic. V. 35.

Utens, a river of Gallia Cisalpina, rising in the Apennines, and falling
into the Hadriatic, north of Ravenna. V. 35.


Valerius, Antias, a Roman annalist, who flourished u. c. 673, being
contemporary with Cicero. III. 5.

Valerius Potitus, C., military tribune, u. c. 340; consul, 345, when
he took Carventum ; again military tribune, 348; and a third time,
351. IV. 49, 53, 57, 61.
Valerius, L., quaestor, v. c. 269, and probably one of the accusers
of Sp. Cassius; consul, 271; a second time, 284. 11. 41, 42, 61,

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Valerius, L., one of three ambassadors, sent u. c. 361, with a gift to
Apollo, and first captured, then kindly used by Timasitheus, prince
of the Liparae islands. V. 28.

Valerius, L., master of the horse, u. c. 365, under the dictatorship of
Camillus. V. 48.

Valerius Publicola, L., military tribune, u. c. 361. V. 26. He
was four times afterwards military tribune.

Valerius Potitus, L., in consequence of the support he gave to the
popular party against the decemvirs, was, u. c. 306, elected consul,
when he and his colleague passed highly popular laws, and in con-
sequence of their distinguished success in war obtained a triumph,
in spite of patrician opposition, by order of the people. III. 39-
41, 49, 50-53, 55, 60, 61, 63, 64; IV. 6.

Valerius Potitus, L., military tribune, v. c. 340; again, 349; a

third time, 352; a fourth time, 354; a fifth time, 357, when he plundered the Falisci. IV. 49, 58; V. 1, 10, 14.

Valerius Potitus, L., consul, u. c. 363, when he defeated the Aequi. V. 31.

V. 31.

I. 24.

Valerius Potitus, L., interrex, u. c. 363.
Valerius, M., fecialis, in the reign of Tullus Hostilius.
Valerius, M'., by some supposed to have been the first dictator, u. c.
253. II. 18.

Valerius, M'., dictator, u. c. 260, when he defeated the Sabines, being favourable to the popular party. II. 30, 31.

Valerius, M., consul, u. c. 253, when he triumphed over the Sabines. He was killed 255, in the celebrated battle at the lake Regillus. II. 16, 20.

Valerius, M., augur, v. c. 291, when he died of pestilence. III. 7. Valerius, M., quaestor, v. c. 296; consul, 298. III. 25, 31. Valerius Maximus, M., military tribune, v. c. 357; and again, 360. V. 14, 24.

Valerius, (afterwards Publicola,) P., was present at the death of Lucretia, and exerted himself to expel the Tarquins. He was elected consul in room of Collatinus, u. c. 245, when he drove back the party of the Tarquins, removed some suspicions which had been entertained of his views by several highly popular laws, (hence his surname), was re-elected consul next year, when he opposed the Etrurian forces with great skill and bravery; a third time consul, 247; and a fourth time, 250, when he triumphed over the Sabines. He died next year, highly honoured by all parties, yet so poor that he was buried at the public expense. I. 58, 59; II. 2, 6-8, 11,

15, 16.

Valerius, P., consul, u. c. 279. II. 52, 53.

Valerius Publicola, P., interrex, u. c. 292; consul, 294, at a season

of intestine and foreign commotion, when he fell in an attack on the Capitol, which had been seized upon by the slaves. III. 8, 15, 17, 18.

Vecilius, a hill in Latium. III. 50.


Veii, (inhabitants Veientes,) an Etrurian town, twelve miles to the north-west of Rome, on the Via Cassia, engaged in frequent hostilities with Rome, and memorable for the length of the siege which resulted in its capture, beginning u. c. 350, and ending 359. was twice proposed to remove from Rome to Veii, but unsuccessfully, through the patriotic efforts of Camillus. I. 15, 27, 30. 42; II. 6, 13, 15, 43, 45-51, 53, 54; IV. 1, 17-19, 30, 31, 33, 35, 58, 60, 61; V. 1, 2, 7-25, 28-30, 37, 46, 48-50, 55. Velia, high ground in Rome overlooking the Forum. II. 7. Velitrae, a Latin town, south-east of Rome, colonised by the Romans. II. 30, 31, 34. Veliternus ager. II. 31. Afterwards rebellious,

and severely punished by the Romans. Veněti, the inhabitants of Venetia, a district of Italy, stretching along the north shores of the Hadriatic, bounded on the south by the Po,

on the west by Gallia Cisalpina, on the north by the Alps, and on the east by the river Arsia. The Veneti are said by Livy to have been a settlement of the Heneti, a Paphlagonian tribe, and the Trojans, combined under Antenor. I. 1; V. 33.

Venus, worshipped as the goddess of love and beauty.

cina. III. 48.

IV. 1, 55, 58; V. 28.

Venus Cloa

Verōna, a town of Gallia Transpadana, on the river Athesis, and Via Aemilia, the birth-place of Catullus and the elder Pliny. V. 35. Verrūgo, a Volscian town. Vesta, worshipped as the goddess of fire, in whose sanctuary the Palladium of Troy was supposed to be preserved, and a fire kept continually burning, (I. 20, 52,) by her priestesses,

Vestāles virgines, ladies, six in number, who were bound to perpetual celibacy, under the penalty of being buried alive, continued in office thirty years, were always of high rank, and in possession of great privileges. I. 3, 4, 20; IV. 44; V. 40.

Veturia, the mother of Coriolanus.

II. 40.

Veturius, C., consul, u. c. 299, when he defeated the Aequi, but was successfully arraigned next year for selling the booty; substituted augur, 301. III. 31, 32.

Veturius, L., one of the first decemvirs, u. c. 303. III. 33.

Veturius, M., the only patrician who was military tribune, u. c. 356. V. 13.

Veturius Geminus, T., consul, u. c. 292, when he conquered the Volscians. III. 8, 10.

Vetusius, C., consul, u. c. 254. II. 19.

Vetusius, T., consul, v. c. 260, at a season of great intestine commotion, when he quelled the Aequi. 11. 28-30.

Vicapota, worshipped as the goddess of victory. II. 7.

Villius, P., a tribune of the commons, elected after the expulsion of the decemvirs, u. c. 305. III. 54.

Viminālis, Collis, one of the hills on which Rome stood, built upon by Romulus, having on the east and south the Esquiline, and on the west the Quirinal. I. 44.

Vindicius, a slave, who was liberally rewarded for his having detected and revealed a plot for the restoration of the Tarquins. II. 4, 5. . Virbius, a rising ground near or in Rome. I. 48.

Virginia, daughter of a brave Roman, betrothed to Icilius, a man of tribunicial rank, seen and beloved by Appius Claudius, the decemvir, claimed by his creature Claudius as a slave, assigned to him by the decemvir, and slain by her father, u. c. 305, to prevent her from falling into his hands. III. 44-48, 58.

Virginius, A., consul, v. c. 260, a time of great commotion, when he routed the Volscians. II. 28-30.

Virginius, A., consul, v. c. 278. II. 51.

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Virginius, A., triumvir for colonising Antium, u. c. 287. III. 1.

Virginius, A., tribune of the commons, u. c. 293, when he accused Kaeso Quinctius. III. 11-13.

Virginius, A., tribune of the commons, u. c. 360, fined two years afterwards to the great indignation of the patricians. V. 29.

Virginius, L., a Roman centurion, who having in vain opposed the absurd claim of Claudius to his daughter Virginia, slew her, roused the indignation of the plebeians, was mainly instrumental in the overthrow of the decemviral power, and was elected tribune of the commons, u. c. 305. III. 44, 47-51, 54, 56-58.

Virginius, L., consul, u. c. 320; and again (perhaps) next year. IV. 21. 23.

Virginius, L., military tribune, u. c. 353, when, along with Sergius, he commanded unsuccessfully, in consequence of a private quarrel, against the Capenates and Falisci, for which they were forced to resign their office, and were fined next year.

V. 8-12.

Virginius, Opiter, consul, v. c. 252, when he took Pometia, II. 17.
Virginius, Opiter, consul, (perhaps,) u. c. 281. II. 54.
Virginius, Proculus, consul, u. c.

268. II. 41.

Virginius, Sp., consul, u. c. 298.
Virginius, T., consul, u. c. 258.
Virginius, T., consul, u. c. 275.

III. 31.

II. 21.

II. 48.

Virginius Rutilus, T. augur, u. c. 291, when he died of pestilence.

III. 7.

Virginius Caelimontanus, T., consul, v. c. 307. III: 65.
Vitellia, a town of the Aequi. II. 39; V. 29.

Volsci, a people of Latium, engaged in long and inveterate wars with Rome, whose last struggle was made, u. c. 414. I. 53; II. 9, 22, 24, 25, 30, 31, 33, 37-40, 42, 53, 54, 58, 59, 64, 65; III. 6-8, 10, 22, 60; IV. 9, 10, 26, 27, 29, 37, 55-59, 61; V. 16, 23. Volsci Antiales. II. 23. Volsci Ecetrani. II. 25.

Volscius Fictor, M., a plebeian of tribunician rank, who was banished for having given false evidence against Kaeso Quinctius, u. c. 296. III. 13, 24, 29.

Volsinienses, the inhabitants of Volsinii, a town of Etruria on the north of the Lacus Volsiniensis, and Via Cassia. V. 31, 32. Voltumna, a goddess worshipped by the Etrurians, who had a temple at the foot of Mons Ciminius, where the Etrurian states were in the habit of assembling. IV. 23, 25, 61; V. 17. Volumnia, the wife of Coriolanus. II. 40.

Volumnius, P., consul, v. c. 293, a year distinguished for popular commotions; ambassador to the Aequi, 296. III. 10, 25. Vulcanus, worshipped as one of the Dii Majores, the son of Jupiter and Juno, and god of fire and smiths.

I. 37.

Vulturnus, a town in Campania, founded by the Etrurians, afterwards taken by the Samnites, u. c. 332, and called Capua.


IV. 37.





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