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C. SALLUSTII CRISPI

CATILINA.

ARGUMENT.

THE INTRODUCTION, 1-4. The character of Catiline, 5. Virtues of the ancient Romans, 6-9. Degeneracy of their posterity, 10-13. Catiline's associates and supporters, and the arts by which ho collected them, 14. Ilis crimes and wretchedness, 15. His tuition of his accomplices, and resolution to subvert the government, 16. His convocation of the conspirators, and their names, 17. His concern in a former conspiracy, 18, 19. Speech to the conspirators, 20. Ilis promises to them, 21. His supposed ceremony to unite them, 22. IIis designs discovered by Fulvia, 23. His alarm on the cléction of Cicero to the consulship, and his design in engag ing women in his cause, 24. His accomplice Sempronia characterized, 25. His ambition for the consulship, his plot to assassinate Cicero, and his disappointment of both, 26. His mission of Manlius into Etruria, and his second convention of the conspirators, 27. His second attempt to kill Cicero his directions to Manlius well observed, 28. His machinations induce the senate to confer extraordinary power on the consuls, 29. His proceedings are opposed by various precautions, 30. His effrontery in the senate, 31. Io sets out for Etruria, 32. His accomplice Manlius sends a deputation to Marcius, 33. His representations to various respectable characters, 34. His letter to Catalus, 35. His arrival at Manlius's camp: he is declared an enemy by the senate: his adherents continue faithful and resolute, 36. The discontent and disaffection of the populace in Rome, 37. The old contentions between the patricians and plebeians, 38. The effect which a victory of Catiline would have produced, 39. The Allobroges are solicited to engage in the conspiracy, 40. They discover it to Cicero, 41. The incaution of Catiline's accomplices in Gaul and Italy, 42. The plan of his adherents at Rome, 43. The Allobroges succeed in obtaining proofs

the suspicions entertained against Crassus, 48. The attempts of Catulus and Piso to criminate Caesar, 49. The plans of Lentulus and Cethegus for their rescue, and the deliberations of the senate, 50. The speech of Caesar on the mode of punishing the conspirators, 51. The speech of Cato on the same subject, 52. The condemnation of the prisoners: the causes of Roman greatness, 53. Parallel between Caesar and Cato, 54. The exccution of the criminals, 55. Catiline's warlike preparations in Etruria, 6. IIe is compelled by Metellus and Antonius to hazard an action, 57. His exhortation to his men, 58. His arrangements, and those of his opponents, for a battle, 59. His bravery, defeat, and death, 60, 61.

Omnis homines, qui sese student praestared ceteris animalibus, summa ope niti decet, ne vitam silentio transeanti veluti pecora, quae natura prona atque ventri obedientia finxit. Sed nostra omnis vis in animo et corpore sita est; 5 animi imperio, corporis servitio magis utimur: alterum nobisk cum diis, alterum' cum beluis commune est. QuoTM mihi rectius videtur, ingenii quam virium opibus gloriam quaerere, et, quoniam vita ipsa quaa fruimur brevis est, 'memoriam nostri quam maxume longam efficere. Nam diviti10 arum et formae gloria fluxa atque fragilis est, virtus 1oclara aeternaque habetur. Sed diu magnum inter mortalis certamen fuit, "vine corporis an 12virtute animi res militaris magis procederet. Nam et priusquam incipias, consulto," et ubi consulueris, mature facto" opus est. Ita utrumque, per se

15 indigens, alterum alterius auxilio eget.

II. Igitur initio reges, (nam in terris nomen imperii id

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H.-I. 154; 88, III.— Dist. bet. homo, vir, and mas. V. n. 1.545; 184, 4. — ₫ 264, 2. — • 386. - 414 & 3. — 371, 4, 1). —1 414 & 3. 491.459.-391.1 149. -414 & 2.-"438, 3. 549, 1. —P 414 & 4.—9419, I.—396, II. — 525; 526, II. 1. — * 523, II. & 1. — "419, V. 3 11 $(2) 486. TIT ▼ 363 419 JIL

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primum fuit,) diversi, pars ingenium, alii corpus exercebant: etiamtum vita hominum sine cupiditate 'agitabatur;, sua cuiqued satis placebant. "Postea vero quam in Asia, Cyrus, in Graecia Lacedaemonii et Athenienses coepere®. urbes atque nationes subigere, lubidinem dominandi caussam3 5 belli habere, maxumam gloriam in maxumo imperio putare, tum demum periculo atque negotiis compertum est in bello plurimum ingenium posse. Quodsi reguin atque imperatorum 'animi virtus in pace ita ut in bello valeret, aequabilius atque constantius sese res humanae haberent, neque aliud3 10 alio ferri, neque mutari ac misceri omnia cerneres. Nam imperium facile iis "artibus retinetur, quibus initio partum est. Verum ubi pro labore desidia, pro continentiam et aequitate lubido atque superbia invasere, fortuna simul cum moribus immutatur. Ita imperium semper ad optumum quem- 15 que" a minus bono transfertur. Quae homines arant, navigant, aedificant, virtuti omnia parent. Sed multi mortales, dediti ventri atque somno, indocti incultique vitam 16sicuti peregrinantes transiere; quibus profecto contra naturam corpus voluptati," anima oneri fuit. Eorum ego vitam mor- 20 temque "juxta aestimo, quoniam de utraque siletur. 18 Verum enim vero 1is demum mihi vivere atque frui anima videtur, qui aliquo negotio' intentus praeclari facinoris aut artis bonae. famam quaerit. Sed in magna copia rerum aliud ali natura iter ostendit.

H II •363.

III. Pulchrum est bene facere reipublicae"; etiam bene dicere 'haud absurdum est: vel pace vel bello clarum fieri

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licet; et qui fecere, et qui facta aliorum scripsere, multi lau dantur. Ac mihi quidem, tametsi haudquaquam par gloria sequitur scriptorem et auctorem rerum, tamen imprimis arduum videtur res gestas scribere: primum, quod 'facta 5 dictis exaequanda sunt: deinde, quia plerique "quae delicta reprehenderis malevolentia' et invidia dicta putant; ubi de magna virtute atque gloria bonorum memores, quae sibi quisque facilia factu' putat, aequo animom accipit; 'supra ea, veluti ficta pro falsis ducit. Sed ego adolescentulus initio, 10 sicuti plerique, studio ad rempublicam latus sum, 'ibique mihi multa adversa fuere. Nam pro "pudore, pro abstinentia, pro virtute audacia, largitio, avaritia vigebant. Quae tametsi animus aspernabatur insolens malarum artium," tamen inter tanta vitia imbecilla aetas ambitione "corrupta tenebatur; 151ac me, quum ab reliquorum malis moribus dissentirem, nihilo minus honoris cupido, eademque quae ceteros, famai atque invidia' vexabat.

IV. Igitur ubi animus ex multis miseriis atque periculis requievit, et mihi" reliquam aetatem a republica procul ha20 bendam decrevi, non fuit consilium 'socordia atque desidia "bonum otium conterere, neque vero agrum colendo aut venando, servilibus officiis, intentum aetatem agere, sed a quo incepto studioque me ambitio mala detinuerat, 'eodem regressus, statui res gestas populi Romani 'carptim, ut quae25 que memoriah digna videbantur, perscribere; eo magis, quod mihi a spe, metu, partibus reipublicae animus liber erat.

H.— III. a438, 3. — 414 & 2.391 & 1.2), (2). — 418.

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• 549, 1. — £414 & 4. — ¤ 445, 6. — *
602, I. 2.-1570 & 1.-414 & 3. —

531. 399, 2,

Igitur de Catilinae conjuratione, quam verissume potero, paucis absolvam. Nam id facinus imprimis ego memorabile existimo sceleris atque periculi novitate. De cujus hominis moribus pauca prius explananda sunt, quam initium narrandi faciam.1

V. Lucius Catilina, nobili genere natus, fuit magna við et animi et corporis, sed 'ingenio malo pravoque. Huic ab 'adolescentia bella intestina, caedes, rapinae, discordia civilis, grata fuere, ibique juventutem suam exercuit. Corpus 'patiens inediae, algoris, vigiliae, supra quam cuiquam credi- 10 bile est. Animus audax, subdolus, varius, cujus rei lubet simulator ac dissimulator, alieni appetens, sui profusus, ardens in cupiditatibus: satis eloquentiae, sapientiae' parum: vastus animus immoderata, incredibilia, nimis alta semper cupiebat. Hunc 'post dominationem L. Sullae lubido maxu- 15 ma invaserat reipublicae capiundae*; neque id quibus modis assequeretur, dum sibi regnum pararet, quidquam pensi" habebat. Agitabatur magis magisque in dies animus ferox inopia rei familiaris et conscientia scelerum, quae utraque Viis artibus auxerat, quas supra memoravi. Incitabant prae- 20 terea corrupti civitatis mores, quos pessuma ac "diversa inter se mala, luxuria atque avaritia, 12vexabant. 13 Res ipsa hortari videtur, quoniam'de moribus civitatis tempus admonuit, supra repetere, ac paucis instituta majorum domi militiaeque, quomodo rempublicam habuerint' quantamque 25 reliquerint, ut, paulatim immutata, ex pulcherruma atque optuma, pessuma ac flagitiosissuma facta sit, disserere.

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H.-IV, 414 & 3.1523, II. & 2).

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V. 425, 3 & 1). -b 428 & 2. — Dist. bet. malus, pravus, and nequam. V. n. 1.-439. 3. — • 460, 3. —1399 & 2. 1). — Dist. bet. simulator and

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