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a. or adj,


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acc., adv.,



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c. abl., c. acc., c. acc. c. inf.,

rel. pr.,

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subst. n.,

posit., . positive. p. p.,

past participlo. prp.,

preposition. pres.,

present. pret.,

preterite. pron.,

pronoun. pron. adjo, • pronominal adjective

relative pronoun. 8. or subst., substantive. SC., .

scilicet, or namely. sing.,

singular. subj.,


neuter substantive. superl.,


verb. V. a.,

verb active. v. def.,

verb defective. v. dep, verb deponent. v. dep. a., verb deponent active. v. đep- ,

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c. dat.,
C. gen.,
c. inf.,
C. sup.,
dem. Pr.,
fut. inf.,


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cum ablativo.
cum accusativo,
cum accusativo cum

cum dativo.
cum genitivo.
cum infinitivo.
cum supino.
demonstrative pronoun.
future infinitive.
hoc est.

• verb deponent neuter. v. freq. a.,

verb frequentative activa v. freq. n.,

verb frequentative neuter. v. imp.,

impersonal verb. V. imp. inch. D., verb impersonal inehos

tive neuter. y. inch, a

verb inchoative activa

h. e.,

impers., ind


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A., abridged for Aulus ; a. d. = ante diem ; , Xb-éo, ivi or li, itum, ire, v. n.,

I go off, go a. 4. c. = anno urbis conditae.

away ; a. e vita, to die.
Ā, ab, prp. c. abl., off, from, by, (a before Xb-horreo, ui, 2, v. n., I differ much, I vary,

words beginning with a consonant, ab be- depart from ; abhorret a meis moribus, it
fore words beginning with a vowel ; ab is is not at all my custom.
au iu aufero and aufugio.) It denotes, – Ab-jicio, jèci, jectum, 3, v. a. (jacère), I

1. Place: ab eo loco; a sole, out of the throw away, throw; I throw down, progsun; a stirpe, fondamentally ; usque a trate, debase, humble ; I throw aside, lay capite, from the very beginning;

by, remove; a. animum, to be disheart2. Time : ab hora tertia ; a pueritia ; a ened or discouraged, to despond. prima pugna, since the first combat ;

Ab-jūro, 1, v. a., I deny falsely upon oath, 3. An agent from whom an action pro- I forswear. ceeds, or by whom it is performed : a diis Ab-latus, a, um, part. (aufero ; latus = leomnia facta sunt, all things have been vatus), taken away, removed. made by the gods; a natura, by nature; Xb-origines, um, m. pl. (ab origine), tho

4. Cessation, prevention, keeping off, first inhabitants of Latium; original inleaving off, deterring, delivering from : habitants. desistere a defensione, to give up the de- Abs-cido, idi, Isum, 3 (caedo), v. a., I cut fence ; aliquem ab injuria deterrere, to de

off, cut; figur. : I deprive of. fer any one from injury;

Ab-scindo, idi, issum, 3 (scindere),v.a., I tear 5. A source or origin : quod tibi debet

off, rend away, cut off, cut, part asunder. ab Egnatio, what he owes thee from the Absens, tis, part. (absum), absent, not here, hands of Egnatiiis.

out of sight, gone away, wanting. Abắcus, i, in., board, table.

Ab-olmllis, e, adj., unlike, dissimilar; mostAb-dico, 1 (dicare), v. a., I give up, resign,

ly with a negation : haud a., non a. lay down, renounce, abdicate ; a. se ma- Ab-solütus, a, um, part. (absolvo), let loose ; gistratu, praetura, dictaturā, to resign the

adj., free, unrestrained ; acquitted, dismagistracy, &c.

charged, released ; finished, completed ; Abdo, idi, itum, 3 (dare, to put, do), v.

perfect, absolute.

Abs-lineo, ui, tontum, 2 (teneo), 1, v. n., I tako ; I receive, treat, entertain; I com

abstain from, am free from, a thing; 2, prehend, understand, hear; I am sensible V. a., I keep or ward off, I hold back, of, leel; voluptatem accipere, to feel pleasrestrain.

ure; I adınit of, approve, accept of. Ab-stråho, azi, actum, 3, v. a., I drag, draw, Ac-clivis, e, adj. (ad, clious), up-bill, steep,

pull off or away, take away by rising, ascending. force.

Ac-clicitas, ātis, f. (accliris), a bending upAb-sum, abfui, abesse, to be absent, out of

wards, steepness, ascent, acclivity. the way, to be distant; figur. : to be far | Accommodātus, a, um, part. (accommode), from, i. e. not to have, to be free from, adapted ; adj., suitable, proper, intended, not to belong to, to be disinclined to, 10 calculated for. be wanting.

Ac-commodo, 1 (ad, c.), I adapt, adjust, fit; Absurdus, a, um, adj. (=surdus, earless), I apply, accommodate.

disagreeable to the ear, harsh, grating ; Ac-cftrâte, adv. (accuratus), diligently, elababsurd, foolish, foreign from the purpose orately, carefully, attentively, accurately. or subject ; adv., absurde.

Ac-curto, cũcurri and curri, cursun, 3 (ed, Ab-undantia, ae, f. (abundans), abundance, curro), v. n., I run to. plenty, copiousness, exuberance

Ac-cūso, I (ad, causa), v. a., I accuse in Åb-unde, adv. (abundus), abundantly, copi- judgment, I aisaign, impeach, blame, ously, largely.

reprimand, aliquen, aliquem crimine, ali Å b-úlor, usus sum, 3, v. n., c. abl., 1, I quem alicujus rei, de re; I complain of,

use up, consume by using, waste, run blame, chide, find fault with. through ; passively, to be consumed, used Acer, acris, acre, adj. (aceo), sharp, sour, up; 2, I use otherwise, contrary to orig- tart, pungent, acrid ; figur.: sharp, brisk, inal intention ; 3, I abuse, turn to im- powerful, vehement; of men: fiery, fuproper use, apply to a wrong end.

rious ; severo, austero ; valiant, gallant; Ac, conj = atque, and (mostly before con- strenuous, diligent; of mind : acute,

sonants, seldom before a vowel or h). keen, penetrating; of actions : violent; Academia, ae, f., a place near Athens, where of war: cruel.

Plato taught philosophy; hence the aca- Acerbe, adv. (acerbus), sharply, keenly, demical philosop and ect.

barshly, bitterly ; figur. : cruelly. Ac-cēlo, cessi, cessum, 3 (ad-cedo), v. n., I cerbus, a, um, adj. (acer), harsh, sour, tart,

draw near to, approach, arrive at, come unripe ; figur. : cruel, severe, hard; of to, accost; ain added, joined, annexed ;

sounds : harsh ; of disposition: austere, with ad, c. dat., and c. acc.

morose. Ac-cendo, ndi, nsum, 3 (ad, * cundo, I make xcervus, i, m, a heap, hoard, pile; a

to glow, whence candeo), v. a., I set on crowd, multitude. fire, set fire to, light up; figur. : I excite, Acharcus, a, um, adj., Achaean, Grecian, inflame, stir up.

Achradina, ae, f, a part of the city of SyraAc-ceptus, a, um, part. (accipio), accepted, cuse.

received ; adj., acceptable, grateful, pleas- Xciëx, ei, f., the sharp edge or point of any. ing.

thing; a line of soldiers, file, squadron; Ac-cerso. See arcesso.

an army in battle-array ; a fleet in battleAc-cessus, as, m. (accedo), an approaching, array; a battle, fight, action; figur. : drawing near to, a coming.

keen eyesight; force, power, prowes, Accido, idi, isum, 3 (ad, cacdo), v. a., I cut might, weight, influence; acuteness, off, cut, lop, cut down, fell.

discernment, shrewdness of inte lect, Ac-cido, Idi, 3 (ad, cado), v. n., I fall down ability.

at or before ; most frequently impers., ac- | Xcinus, i, m., and ăcinum, i, n., originally:

cidit. it happens. occurs. falls out accidi


seed: a grain kerucl. trane

with delight upon, am pleased or de- figur. : I consent to, approve ; I devote;

lighted with; with in, c. abl., and c. dat. a. aliquem ad jusjurandum, to force, comAcriter, adv. (acer), vehemently, keenly, pel one to take an oath.

sharply, eagerly; attentively, clearly, in- Ad-do, didi, ditum, 3 (ad, dare), v. a., I add; tensely ; valiantly, stoutly, vigorously ; I throw, cast in or upon, mingle with;

exceedingly, very ; severely, cruelly. figur. : a. alicui animos, to fire one's courActa, örum, 11. pl. (ag), acts, actions, deeds; age ; a. fidem rei, to confirm, corroburate,

acts, decrees, resolutions; acta publica, give credibility to a thing. public records.

Ad-dúco, uni, uctum, 3, v. a., I conduct, Actio, onis, f. (ago), motion; action, opera- bring, fetch ; I bring on, induce, cause,

tion; management, negotiation, business, occasion ; I draw to, tighten, straiten; treaty; in oratory: the action or delivery I bring to, straiten, reduce; a. aliquem of a speech ; a speech before a court, ac- in angustias, to bring one into difficulty ; cusation, information, charge; an action a. in judicium, to bring to trial, arraign, at law.

sue, summon before a court of justice ; Actor, oris, m. (ago), agent, doer, perform- I induce, persuade.

er; actor, comedian, player; pleader. Ad-ductus, a, um, part. (adduco), brought, Aculeus, i, m. (acus), sting; prickle ; figur. : conducted, &c.; adj., contracted, wrin

sharpness, sophistry, a cutting remark. kled. Acúo, ui, utum, 3 (acus), v. a., I point, xd-eo, ivi and ü, itum, ire, 1, v. n., go

sbarpen, whet; figur. : I sharpen, incite, near, como ; adire in jus, to go to law; excite, exercise ; I stimulate, rouse, pro- 2, v. a., I go to, I approach, go up to; voke, instigate.

figur.: I undertake, undergo, incur, adopt. Åcütus, , um, part. (acuo), pointed ; adj., xd-eo, adv. (for ad id), so far, to such a de

sharp-edged, prickly; figur.: sharp, shrill, gree, insomuch ; so long; adeo dum, a. piercing, pungent, biting penetrating; of usque dum, a. donec, a. usque ut, usquo the mind : acute, subtile, ingenious, a. quoad, till, until ; also = vero,

but quick. Åd, prp. c. acc., to, unto; 1, to a place, | xd-ěquito, 1, v. a., I ride up to, or near to a

thing, or person ; ad urbem venire, to place or person. come to town ; ad meridier

spectans, Ad-hibeo, ui, itum, 2 (habeo), v. a., 1, I looking to the south ; cum Senatus ad adopt, use, employ; 2, I adapt, apply; Caesarem accederet; ad hoc, besides this; 3, I bring, bring on : 4, I offer, pay, give; ad verbum, word for word ; ad summum, 5, I behave to, treat; 6, I add, join ; as to the highest degree ; ai cutremum, ad animum, to attend to; Q. se, to conduct, ultimum, at length, at last; also near, as

carry one's self. ad Romam, near Rome ; 2, till a time, or Xd-Rüc (= ad hoc), adv., 1, hitherto, thus action ; ad quoddam tempus, till a certain far, as yet ; usque a., till now; 2, betime; ad hiemem, towards the winter :

yond that, more than that, more still; vita ad spem servanda, life to be preserved 3, still, as yet, even yet. for hopo ; 3, for quvad, quod attinet ad, as Xd-igo, égi, actum, 3 (ago), v. a , I drivo,

far as regards, in whatever pertains to. drive in, plunge, thrust, impel ; I bring, Ad-aequo, 1, v a., I equal, make equal ; conduct; figur.: 1 force, compel; adiadaequare famam alicujus, to render one's

gere aliquem ad, or in jusjurandum, to self as tamous as any one; adaequare se oblige one to make oath ; a. aliquem jualicui virtute, to put one's self on a par rejurando, to bind one by an oath. with any one in virtue : adaequare virtu- Ad-imo. Emi, emptum, :3 (emo), v. a., I tako tem cum fortuna, to be as brave as one is away, remove, deprive of, deny. fortunate.

Ad lpiscor, eptus sum, 3 (apisror), v. dep. id-imo, 1, v. a., I begin to lovo, fall in love

a., I acquire, get, procuro, obtain posseswith.

sion of; with the acc.

i person, to


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access; the place by which one ap- | Xd-/lescens, entis, part. (adolesco), growing, proaches or enters; the power of meet- increasing, young; subst. in. and 1., a ing or conversing with one ; figur. : an young man, youth, one past the state of

entrance, way, nieans, opportunity. boyhood, a young woman. Ad-jicio, jēci, jectum, 3 (jacio), v. a., I cast Ad-olescentia, ue, f. (adolescens), youth, the

towards or against, I apply to; I add ; age succeeding boyhood. figur.: I apply, devote.

Xd-olescentúlus, i, m. (adolescens), dim., a Ad-jungo, junsi, junctum, 3, v. a., 1, I add, young man, youth, stripling.

join, adjoin, unite, annex ; figur. : I pro- Ad-/lesco, slēvi, and dlui, ultum, 3 (rla, curo; I conciliate ; 2, 1 yeke.

olesco, I grow, related to alo, I nourish), Ad-jūlor, oris, m. (adjuvo), an aider, helper, 1, v. n., I grow, grow up, increase ; assistant, proinoter; a partisan.

figur. : I grow, increase, advance, beAd-jūvo, jūvi, jūtum, 1, v. a., I help, aid, conie greater ; 2, v. a., I fasten or joia assist, succor.

together. Ad-uninică'um, i, n. (manus), what holds Ad-ðrior, ortus sum, 4 (orior, I spring), I

like a hand, a prop, stay, used to support start; v. an, I begin, commence ; 1 ap vines and fruit-trees.

proach, accost; I attempt, try, take in Ad-ministro, 1, v. N., I minister, attend, hand, undertake, go about; I attack,

serve, work; 2, v. a., I administer, man- assail, invade. age, conduct, direct, govern, pay atten- Xd-orno, 1, V. a.. I ornament, embellish, tion to, regulate.

adoru; I put in order, furnish, provide, Ad-mirabilis, e, adj. (admiror), worthy of prepare ; figur. : I arrange, draw up,

admiration, admirable, wonderful, mar- prepare ; I honor. vellous.

Ăd-oro, 1 (oro, I pray), v. a., I pray, solicit Ad-inirätio, onis, f. (admiror), the act of ad- by prayer, pray for; I adore, worship,

miring, admiration, amazement, wonder; revere, venerate ; I honor. respect, roverence, veneration.

Adrămyttēnus, a, um, adj., of or belonging Ad-miror, atus sum, 1, v. dep., 1, v. n., I to Adramyttium.

wonder greatly, I marvel, I am aston- Ad-scisco, ivi, itum, 3. v. a., I take, receive ished, amazed, surprised ; 2, v. a, I something with approbation, approve, tewonder at, I admire, look at with as- ceive as true; I receive or admit one in tonishment, regard, or esteem.

some character, as something (citizen, Ad-mitto, misi, missum, 3, v. a., I send to or ally, son, etc.); I take, draw, or receira

onward, push forward, give rein to go on, any person or thing to myself, I approlet or suffer one to do something, suffer priate to myself. something to be done; I give admittance, Adspicio. See aspicio. adopt, choose ; I admit, consult ; I com- Ad-sum, adfui, adesse, v. n., to be present, mit something; I permit, allow; I re- at band, here; c. dat., to aid, assist, ceive, admit.

stand by. Ad-mòdum, adv. (modus), in full measure, Xd-ultér, čri, m. (adulor, I fondle), a

much, very, exceedingly; in good truth; fondler, seducer, debauchee ; an aduljust, exactly, altogether.

terer. Ad-monco, ui, itum, 2, v. a., I remind, put xd-ultus, a, um, part. (adolesce), grown up;

in mind, warn, adinonish, advise; ali- adj., perfect, mauire, ripe ; full, cob

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