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A., abridged for Aulus; a. d. = ante diem; | Ab-čo, ivi or ĭi, Xtum, ire, v. n., I go off, go a. u. c. = anno urbis conditae.

away; a. e vita, to die.
Ab-horreo, ui, 2, v. n., I differ much, I vary,
depart from; abhorret a meis moribus, it
is not at all my custom.

Ab-jicio, jeci, jectum, 3, v. a. (jacère), I
throw away,
throw; I throw down, pros-
trate, debase, humble; I throw aside, lay
by, remove; a. animum, to be disheart-
ened or discouraged, to despond.
Ab-jūro, 1, v. a., I deny falsely upon oath,
I forswear.

Ã, ăb, pṛp. c. abl., off, from, by, (a before words beginning with a consonant, ab before words beginning with a vowel ; ab is au in aufero and aufugio.) It denotes,

1. Place: ab eo loco; a sole, out of the sun; a stirpe, fundamentally; usque a capite, from the very beginning;

2. Time: ab hora tertia; a pueritia; a prima pugna, since the first combat;

3. An agent from whom an action proceeds, or by whom it is performed: a diis omnia facta sunt, all things have been made by the gods; a natura, by nature;

4. Cessation, prevention, keeping off, leaving off, deterring, delivering from: desistere a defensione, to give up the defence: aliquem ab injuria deterrere, to deter any one from injury;

5. A source or origin: quod tibi debet ab Egnatio, what he owes thee from the bands of Egnatius.

Abacus, i, m., board, table.
Ab-dico, 1 (dicare), v. a., I give up, resign,

lay down, renounce, abdicate; a. se ma-
gistratu, praeturā, dictaturā, to resign the
magistracy, &c.

Ab-lātus, a, um, part. (aufero; latus = le-
vatus), taken away, removed.
Ab-ōrigines, um, m. pl. (ab origine), the
first inhabitants of Latium; original in-

Abs-cido, idi, isum, 3 (caedo), v. a., I cut
off, cut; figur. I deprive of.
Ab-scindo, idi, issum, 3 (scindere), v. a., I tear
off, rend away, cut off, cut, part asunder.
Absens, tis, part. (absum), absent, not here,

out of sight, gone away, wanting.
Ab-similis, e, adj.. unlike, dissimilar; most-
ly with a negation: haud a., non a.
Ab-sõlûtus, a, um, part. (absolvo), let loose;
adj., free, unrestrained; acquitted, dis-

Abs-lineo, ui, tontum, 2 (teneo), 1, v. n., I abstain from, am free from, a thing; 2, v. a., I keep or ward off, I hold back, restrain.

Ab-straho, ari, actum, 3, v. a., I drag, draw, tear, pull off or away, take away by force.

Ab-sum, abfui, abesse, to be absent, out of the way, to be distant; figur.: to be far from, i. e. not to have, to be free from, not to belong to, to be disinclined to, to be wanting.

Absurdus, a, um, adj. (=surdus, earless), disagreeable to the ear, harsh, grating; absurd, foolish, foreign from the purpose or subject; adv., absurdē. Ab-undantia, ae, f. (abundans), abundance,

plenty, copiousness, exuberance Ab-unde, adv. (abundus), abundantly, copiously, largely.

Ab-útor, ūsus sum, 3, v. n., c. abl., 1, I use up, consume by using, waste, run through; passively, to be consumed, used up; 2, I use otherwise, contrary to original intention; 3, I abuse, turn to improper use, apply to a wrong end. Ac, conj = atque, and (mostly before con

sonants, seldom before a vowel or h). Academia, ae, f., a place near Athens, where Plato taught philosophy; hence the academical philosophy and sect. Ac-cedo, cessi, cessum, 3 (ad-cedo), v. n., I draw near to, approach, arrive at, come to, accost; I am added, joined, annexed; with ad, c. dat., and c. acc. Ac-cendo, ndi, nsum, 3 (ad, * cando, I make

to glow, whence candeo), v. a., I set on fire, set fire to, light up; figur. : I excite, inflame, stir up.

Ac-ceptus, a, um, part. (accipio), accepted, received; adj., acceptable, grateful, pleasing.

Ac-cerso. See arcesso.
Ac-cessus, us, m. (accedo), an approaching,

drawing near to, a coming.

Ac-cido, idi, isum, 3 (ad, caedo), v. a., I cut

off, cut, lop, cut down, fell. Ac-cido, idi, 3 (ad, cado), v. n., I fall down at or before; most frequently impers., accidit, it happens, occurs, falls out; accidit

take; I receive, treat, entertain; I com. prehend, understand, hear; I am sensible of, feel; voluptatem accipere, to feel pleas ure; I admit of, approve, accept of. Ac-clīvis, e, adj. (ad, clivus), up-hill, steep, rising, ascending.

Ac-clivitas, atis, f. (acclivis), a bending up-
wards, steepness, ascent, acclivity.
Ac-commõdātus, a, um, part. (accommode),
adapted; adj., suitable, proper, intended,
calculated for.

Ac-commodo, 1 (ad, c.), I adapt, adjust, fit;
I apply, accommodate.
Ac-cûrātē, adv. (accuratus), diligently, elab-

orately, carefully, attentively, accurately. Ac-curro, cucurri and curri, cursum, 3 (ad,

curro), v. n., I run to.

Ac-cuso, 1 (ad, causa), v. a., I accuse in judgment, I arraign, impeach, blame, reprimand, aliquem, aliquem crimine, aliquem alicujus rei, de re; I complain of, blame, chide, find fault with. Acer, äcris, äcre, adj. (aceo), sharp, sour, tart, pungent, acrid; figur. : sharp, brisk, powerful, vehement; of men: fiery, furious; severe, austere; valiant, gallant; strenuous, diligent; of mind: acute, keen, penetrating; of actions: violent; of war: cruel.

Acerbe, adv. (acerbus), sharply, keenly, harshly, bitterly; figur. cruelly. Acerbus, a, um, adj. (acer), harsh, sour, tart, unripe; figur.: cruel, severe, hard; of sounds: harsh; of disposition: austere,


cervus, i, m, a heap, hoard, pile; a crowd, multitude.

Acharcus, a, um, adj., Achaean, Grecian. Achradina, ae, f, a part of the city of Syra



Xcies, ei, f., the sharp edge or point of anything a line of soldiers, file, squadron; an army in battle-array; a fleet in battlearray; a battle, fight, action; figur.: keen eyesight; force, power, prowess, might, weight, influence; acuteness, discernment, shrewdness of intelect, ability.

Xcinus, i, m., and ăcinum, i, n., originally : a germ seed: a grain, kernel. grane.

with delight upon, am pleased or delighted with; with in, c. abl., and c. dat. Acriter, adv. (acer), vehemently, keenly, sharply, eagerly; attentively, clearly, intensely; valiantly, stoutly, vigorously; exceedingly, very; severely, cruelly. Acta, ōrum, n. pl. (ago), acts, actions, deeds; acts, decrees, resolutions; acta publica, public records.

Actio, onis, f. (ago), motion; action, operation; management, negotiation, business, treaty; in oratory: the action or delivery of a speech; a speech before a court, accusation, information, charge; an action at law.

Actor, ōris, m. (ago), agent, doer, performer; actor, comedian, player; pleader. Aculeus, i, m. (acus), sting; prickle; figur.: sharpness, sophistry, a cutting remark. Acuo, ui, útum, 3 (acus), v. a., I point, sharpen, whet; figur.: I sharpen, incite, excite, exercise; I stimulate, rouse, provoke, instigate.

Acûtus, a, um, part. (acuo), pointed; adj., | sharp-edged, prickly; figur.: sharp, shrill, piercing, pungent, biting penetrating; of the mind: acute, subtile, ingenious, quick.

Ad, prp. c. acc., to, unto; 1, to a place, thing. or person; ad urbem venire, to come to town; ad meridiem spectans, looking to the south; cum Senatus ad Caesarem accederet; ad hoc, besides this; ad verbum, word for word; ad summum, to the highest degree; ad extremum, ad ultimum, at length, at last; also near, as ad Romam near Rome; 2, till a time, or action; ad quoddam tempus, till a certain time; ad hiemem, towards the winter: vita ad spem servanda, life to be preserved for hope; 3, for quoad, quod attinet ad, as far as regards, in whatever pertains to. Ad-aequo, 1, v a., I equal, make equal; adaequare famam alicujus, to render one's self as famous as any one; adaequare se alicui virtute, to put one's self on a par with any one in virtue adaequare virtutem cum fortuna, to be as brave as one is fortunate.

Ad-ămo, 1, v. a., I begin to love, fall in love with.

figur. I consent to, approve; I devote; a. aliquem ad jusjurandum, to force, compel one to take an oath.

Ad-do, didi, ditum, 3 (ad, dare), v. a., I add; I throw, cast in or upon, mingle with; figur. a. alicui animos, to fire one's courage; a. fidem rei, to confirm, corroborate, give credibility to a thing. Ad-duco, ur, uctum, 3, v. a., I conduct, bring, fetch; I bring on, induce, cause, occasion; I draw to, tighten, straiten; I bring to, straiten, reduce; a. aliquem in angustias, to bring one into difficulty; a. in judicium, to bring to trial, arraign, sue, summon before a court of justice; I induce, persuade. Ad-ductus, a, um, part. (adduco), brought, conducted, &c.; adj., contracted, wrinkled. Ad-eo, ivi and i, itum, ire, 1, v. n., I go near, come; adire in jus, to go to law; 2, v. a., I go to, I approach, go up to; figur.: I undertake, undergo, incur, adopt. Ăd-eō, adv. (for ad id), so far, to such a degree, insomuch; so long; adeo dum, a. usque dum, a. donec, a. usque ut, usque a. quoad, till, until; also = vero, but


Xd-equito, 1, v. a., I ride up to, or near to a place or person.

Ad-hibeo, ui, Itum, 2 (habeo), v. a., 1, I adopt, use, employ; 2, I adapt, apply; 3, I bring, bring on; 4, I offer, pay, give; 5, I behave to, treat; 6, I add, join; a animum, to attend to; a. se, to conduct, carry one's self.

Ad-hoc (= ad hoc), adv., 1, hitherto, thus far, as yet; usque a., till now; 2, beyond that, more than that, more still ;

3, still, as yet, even yet. Ad-igo, egi, actum, 3 (ago), v. a, I drive, drive in, plunge, thrust, impel; I bring, conduct; figur.: I force, compel; adigere aliquem ad, or in jusjurandum, to oblige one to make oath; a. aliquem jurejurando, to bind one by an oath. Ad-imo ēmi, emptum, 3 (emo), v. a., I take

away, remove, deprive of, deny.

Ad Episcor, eptus sum, 3 (apiscor), v. dep.

a., I acquire, get, procure, obtain possession of; with the acc. of a person, to

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access; the place by which one approaches or enters; the power of meeting or conversing with one; figur.: an entrance, way, means, opportunity. Ad-jicio, jeci, jectum, 3 (jacio), v. a., I cast towards or against, I apply to; I add; figur.: I apply, devote. Ad-jungo, junzi, junctum, 3, v. a., 1, I add, join, adjoin, unite, annex; figur. I procure; I conciliate; 2, I yoke. Ad-jutor, ōris, m. (adjuvo), an aider, helper,

assistant, promoter; a partisan.

Ad-juvo, jūvi, jūtum, 1, v. a., I help, aid, assist, succor. Ad-minică!um, i, n. (manus), what holds like a hand, a prop, stay, used to support vines and fruit-trees. Ad-ministro, 1, v. n., I minister, attend, serve, work; 2, v. a., I administer, manage, conduct, direct, govern, pay attention to, regulate. Ad-mirabilis, e, adj. (admiror), worthy of admiration, admirable, wonderful, marvellous.

Ad-mirātio, onis, f. (admiror), the act of ad

miring, admiration, amazement, wonder; respect, reverence, veneration. Ad-miror, atus sum, 1, v. dep., 1, v. n., I wonder greatly, I marvel, I am astonished, amazed, surprised; 2, v. a, I wonder at, I admire, look at with astonishment, regard, or esteem. Ad-mitto, misi, missum, 3, v. a., I send to or onward, push forward, give rein to go on, let or suffer one to do something, suffer something to be done; I give admittance, adopt, choose; I admit, consult; I commit something; I permit, allow; I receive, admit.

Ad-modum, adv. (modus), in full measure, much, very, exceedingly; in good truth; just, exactly, altogether. Ad-mõneo, ui, itum, 2, v. a., I remind, put in mind, warn, admonish, advise; ali

Xd-olescens, entis, part. (adolesco), growing, increasing, young; subst. in. and f., a young man, youth, one past the state of boyhood, a young woman. ǎd-olescentia, ae, f. (adolescens), youth, the age succeeding boyhood. Adolescentulus, i, m. (adolescens), dim., a young man, youth, stripling. Ad-ŏlesco, člēvi, and ŏlui, ultum, 3 (ala, olesco, I grow, related to alo, I nourish), 1, v. n., I grow, grow up, increase; figur. I grow, increase, advance, become greater; 2, v. a., I fasten or join together.

Ad-ŏrior, ortus sum, 4 (orior, I spring), I start; v. a., I begin, commence: 1 approach, accost; I attempt, try, take in hand, undertake, go about; I attack, assail, invade.

Ad-orno, 1, v. a.. I ornament, embellish, adorn; I put in order, furnish, provide, prepare; figur.: I arrange, draw up, prepare; I honor.

Ad-oro, 1 (oro, I pray), v. a., I pray, solicit by prayer, pray for; I adore, worship, revere, venerate; I honor. Adrămyttēnus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Adramyttium. Ad-scisco, ivi, itum, 3, v. a., I take, receive something with approbation, approve, receive as true; I receive or admit one in some character, as something (citizen, ally. son, etc.); I take, draw, or receive any person or thing to myself, I appropriate to myself. Adspicio. See aspicio.

Ad-sum, adfui, adesse, v. n., to be present,

at hand, here; c. dat., to aid, assist, stand by. Ad-ultěr, ĕri, m. (adulor, I fondle), a fondler, seducer, debauchee; an adul


Ad-ultus, a, um, part. (adolesco), grown up; adj., perfect, mature, ripe; full, con

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