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Venälis, e (denus, us), adj., exposed to sale, | Verbigēnus, i, m., one of the four districts

offered for sale ; venal, mercenary. or cantons into which Helvetia ww Vènātio, onis, f.(venor), hunting, the chase ; divided.

a spectacle of hunting; the gamo. Verbum, i, n., a word; a saying, adage ; Vēnātus, is, m. (venor), a hunting or chas- verba fecere, to speak, discourse. ing, the chase.

Verecundus, a, um (vereor), adj., shame Vendo, didi, ditum, 3 (contracted from faced, shy or diffident from respect, mod.

denum do), v. a., I sell, vend ; betray for est, bashful, respectful; sparing, forbearmoney ; I sell, exchange, give the use ing, moderate; adv. dèrècunde of for money or other valuable considera- Vereor, Itus, sum, 2. v dep. D. and a., I tion.

fear with reverential awe, reverence, Venën um, i, n., bane, poison, venom. respect, revere stand in awe of; I fear, Vēneo, ivi and ü, ilum, 4 (from vonum eo), am afraid of; I fear, apprehend.

v. 11., I go to sale, am sold, am let out. Vergo, 3. v. a. and n, I ineline, director Vènero, , and věndror, 1 (contracted from turn a thing in any direction ; I pom,

veniam oro), v. a., I pray reverently, in- pour out, pour in; I incline or turn my. voke humbly, crave humbly, beseech, self anywhere : to lie or look towards, beg, ontreat ; I adore, reverence, revere, run, tend, border upon. worship, venerate.

Vergobrotus, i, m., Vergobretus title of the Veneticus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to chief magistrate among the Aedui: said

Venetia or the Veneti, Venetian. to be a Celtic word=man-for-judgment ; Vènia, ae, f., indulgence, leave, permission, i. e. judge. Caes. I. 16.

allowance, license ; favor, kindness ; Véri-similis, e. adj., like the truth, having pardon, forgiveness.

the semblance of truth, likely, probable Vonio, rëri, ventum, 4, v. a., I come, I go ; Verð (rerus), adv., in truth, indeed, truly,

I come back, come home, return ; 10 certainly, for certain, assuredly : yes, come, happen, befall, fall out, take place, yes indeed, hy all means, ay, certainly; occur; alicui venire auxilio, to come to conj. but, but now. the assistance of any one; ventum est, Versicilus, i, m. (versus) dim., a little line; they have come.

a little verse, a verse. Venetia, ao, f., the country of the Veneti. Verso, 1 (verto), v. freq. it, I tum oftes; Venor, 1, v. dep. a. and n., I hunt, chase, figur. : I turn, bend, shift, exercise, agipursue.

tate, change, alter; I guide. direct, rile, Venter, tris, m., the belly ; the stomach. govern ; I turn over in my mind, conVentuo, 1 (venin), v. freq. n., I como often, sider, revolve, reflect on, examide, por am in the habit of going.

treat, handle, manage, conduct, Ventus, i, m., the wind.

carry on ; versari, to be turned to tum Vinus, ēris, f. (akin to venia), properly round, revolve; to be anywhere, to fre

agreement ; love to the other sex ; Ve- quent any place to stay, abide, lire; nus, the goddess of love ; the planet versatur inter eos, he holds intercourse

Venus, the morning or evening star. with them ; versatur ante oculos, it hovers Venustus, a, um (venus), adj., charming. before the eyes ; versari in re, to be occabeautiful, graceful, lovely ; elegant, po

pied, busied, exercised in a thing, b Jite, well-bred, fine, genteel.

apply to, pay attention to a thing Věpres, is, m. and f., a thorn, brier, bram- Versus, is, m. (verto), a turning round; a ble-bush.

line in writing; a poetical line, a verse; Vër, čris, n., the season when the juice is verse, poetry.

revived in the trees, the spring ; spring- Versus and versum (from Tersus, a, um, time,

adv., -ward, -wards, towards; ea kestia

der ;

throw, throw down; figur. : I turn, in- former, old, ancient times; old friend terpret, translato; I turn, change, trans- ship, uld acquaintance ; cunning. kuri, alter ; I turn over, revolve, con- Vètustus, a, um (vetus), adj., old, not liew, sider, reflect upon, ponder, examine ; of long standing ; old, not young. vertere hostes in fugam, to put the enemy Vexillum, i, n. (ucho), a military ensign, to flight ; vertere se aliquo, to turn or ensign, standard, banner; the body of direct one's self in any direction.

men who were under a single banner; Verum (derus), conj., but, however; adv., the banner, flag, or unfurled cluth, which really, truly, actually, in truth.

was displayed from the generai's tent as Vērum-tämen or vērun-timen, conj., but

a signal for the soldiers to prepare for however, but yet.

battle. Virus, a, um, adj., being, real, actual, true, Vero, 1, v. a., I hurt, treat ill, maltreat, sincere, genuine, certain, natural ; right,

abuse, plague, harass, distress, worry, proper, fit; reasonablo; adv., vērë. annoy, molest, trouble, afflict, injure, Vescor, 3 (esca), v. dep. n., I feed upon,

damage. eat ; I enjoy, make use of, use.

Via, ae, f., a way, road, highway, highVesper, čris, and resper or vespérus, ri, m.,

road; a street; a way, passage, canal, the evening, ove, the evening-star ; the path ; figur. : a way, means, opportunity. west.

Viator, oris, m. (via), a wayfaring man, Vester, tra, trum (vos), adj., pron. poss., of

traveller, passenger. or pertaining to you, your, yours.

Vicēsimus or vigésimus, a, uin (viginti), Vestigium, ü, n., a footstep, tread, trace, adj., the twentieth.

track ; a tread or stop ; the place or spot Vicinitas, ätis, f. (vicinus), nearness of on which a man treads or stands ; the place, neighborhood, vicinity; the neighsole, the foot ; figur. : a trace, vestige,

bors. mark, sign, token, indication ; a point, Vicīnus, a, um (ricus), adj., neighboring, moment, instant.

near ; vicinus, m., and vicina, f., a neighVestīmentum, i, n. (restio), that which serves bor. for clothing, clothes,

Vicis, is, f. (a genit. of which the norr. Vestio, 4 (vestis), v. a., 1 clotho, array ;

does not occur, acc., vicem ; abl., vice ; figur. : I clothe, cover as with a garment, pl., vices and vicibus), cbauge, alternato cover, deck, adorn.

or reciprocal succession, vicissitude, alVestis, is, f., a garment, vesi, vestment, ternation, interchange; tho lot, hap, fate,

robe, clothes, dress, suit, habiliments. condition of any one usually unfortunato; Veslitus, ūs, m. (vestio), clothing, clothes, person, part, respect, concern; in vices,

dress, apparel, raiment, attire ; figur. : a in turns, in return; in vicem, by turns, clothing, dress, vesture, covering, decor- alternately, reciprocally, mutually; vice ation.

versa the case being reversed, reversely ; Vetěrānus, a, um (detus), adj., old, of many in vicem eorum, instead of them, in their

years' age or standing ; veleranus, an old place. soldier, veteran soldier, veteran.

Vietima, ae, f. (vincio), an animal adorned Veto, ui, tum 1, v. a., I dissuade, forbid, with a vilta or head-band, and sacrificed

probibit, interdict; figur. : I forbid, ward to the gods, a victim. off, hinder, prevent ; vetitum est, it is or Victor, oris, m. (vinco), a conqueror, victor; has been forbidden. - Veto was the word vanquisher; adj. victorious.

* d l.vihuone of the naole when he Victūria, ac, f. (victor), victory.

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Viden'? for videsne ?

Vinculum and cincium, i n. (pircie), ang.
Video, vidi, visu in ? 2, v. a. and n., I see, thing that ties or biuds, a buud, band, die

behold ; I see, perceive, observe, hear; I cord.
am aware, understand; I seo, endure, Vindex, žcis, m. and f (rindica), one that
undergo, experience; I see, go to see, lays claim to something, a claimant; 20
call upon, wait upon; I look at, look to, asserter, defender, protector, maintainer,
consider, reflect; care for, provide, fur- deliverer ; adj, avenging, punishing; an
nish, procure, prepare, conduct; I look avenger, punisher.

upon, have in view, havo before my eyes. Vindico or vendico, 1, v. a., I claim, lay Videor, visus sum, 2 (pass, of video), v. n., claim to, demand as my own, arrugate, I am seen ;

I seem,

have the appearance, appropriate, assume; I free, set free, appear, am regarded ; mihi videtur, I liberate, rescue, deliver, defend, protect, think ; visum est mihi, it has seemed good save, redeem ; I maintain, assert; I punI have thought it right.

ish, inflict punishment ; vindicare aliqura Vigeo, gui, 2, v. n., I live, thrive ; I am in libertatem, to assert the freedom of aby lively, vigorous, brisk, active ; figur. : I

one, set bim free. flourish, prosper, am in high repute or Vinca, ae, f. (vinur), a vineyard ; a rool, estimation.

shed, or mantelet, under which the RoVigesimus, a, um. Seo dicesimus.

mans assailed the walls of towns, Vigilanter (vigilans), adv., vigilantly, Vinum, i, n., wine. watchfully, heedfully.

Viõlentia, ae, f. (violens), violence, rebe Vigilia, ae, f. (vigil), a watching, a being mence, impetuosity.

awake, a being sleepless ; watch, ward, Vislentus, a, um (ris), adj, using great guard by night; a watch, soldiers keep- force, impetuous, boisterous; violent, ing watch, watchmen, guards; figur. :

7

harsh. watchfulness, vigilance, care, attention. Vtr, xri, m., a man, a male person; a man In the Roman army the night was di

grown, one grown up to man's estate; vided into four vigiliae or watches, each

the man, husband ; a gennine man, a of which consisted of three hours.

magnanimous man, a brave man. Vigilo, 1 (vigil), v. n., I watch, keep Virgo, knis, f., a full-grown girl, maid, awake ; figur. : I am watchful, vigi.

virgin ; any unmarried woman. lant, or attentive, am very careful or Virgultum, i, n. (for tirguituin, from rin heedful

gula), a shrub, bush, small tree; a thicket, Viginti, indecl. num. adj., twenty.

shrubbery. Vilis, e, adj., of small price, cheap, low;

Vyridis, e (rireo), adj., green, young, vile, paltry, common, worthless, trivial, youthful, fresh, lively, vigorous, active, indifferent, mean.

strong Villa, ae, f. (vicus), dim., a small building, Viriditas, atis, f. (viridis), greenness, fer

country-house, farm-house, country-seat. duro ; freshness, vigor. Dimen, ynis, n. (vieo), any pliant (wig for Vtrilis, e (vir), adj., of a man, pertaining

plaiting or binding, an osier, wicker-rod, to a man, manly ; male; becoming a twig, withe.

man, manly, manful, valiant, brave, um (ninumladi

of or per

toga virilis, the maply gown.

năm .

consideration ; vehemence, violence, im- clination, wish, desiro ; good-will, affecpetuosity, fury; force; quantity, num- tiou, love, tavor; disposition ; intention, ber, multitude, abundanco; of words or purpose, design ; approbation, consent; sentences : the force, import, meaning, ad voluntatem loqui, to speak according signification, sense ; substance, nature, to the will of another; voluntate, willessence; summa vi, with the greatest ingly, voluntarily, of one's own will, of fury.

one's own accord. Viso, si, sum, 3 (video), v. freq. a., I see, voluplārius, a, um (voluplas), adj, bring

look at, view, behold ; I go ur cumie tu ing pleasure or enjoyibent, pleasurable see ; I visit.

pleasant, delightful. Vitu, ae, f., lifo ; way or manner of life; a voluptas, ātis, f. (for colupitas, froin vo.

life, biography ; sustenance, support, lupe), pleasure, enjoyment, delight; voaliment; mea vita, as a term of endear- luptates, appetites, desires.

ment, my life, my sweet, my treasure. Volvo, volvi, võlutum, 3, v. a., I roll forth, Vitis, is, f., a vino; a branch of a vine. pour forth words, speak fluently; I reVitium, ü, n., whatever is to be complained volve in the mind, ponder, meditate, con

of as defective, wrong, or faulty in a sider, think or reflect upon; I roll round, thing, a defect, fault, blomish, flaw, im- make to revolve, carry round. perfection, anything amiss ; a moral Vötum, i, 11. (vovev), a vow or promiso

fault, vice, impediment ; inconvenience. made to some deity; a wish, wishing. Vito, 1, V. a., I shun, avoid, eschew, en- Vos, vocus, f. (voco), the voico : tone, acdeavor to escape, bewaro of.

cent; a sentence, decision, judgment. Viol-radiz, icis, f. (vivus radix), a quick Vulgaris and doigāris, (vulgus), adj.,

set or plant that is set with the root. common, ordinary, relating to all, exVido, viri, victum, 3, v. n., I live, am alive, tending to all, usual; mean, low, vile,

have lifo ; I support life. I eat and drink; vulgar; adv., vulgāriter. I pass my life in a certain manner, pur- Vulgo (vulgus), adv., among the people, stie a certain course of life; I livo well, in public ; here and there, everywhere ; live in earnest, enjoy life.

often ; publicly, openly, before all; comVidus, a, um (vivo), adj, alive, living ; monly, generally ; indiscriminately; all

living, green, fresh ; figur. : fresh, vigor- together.

ous, lively, active, strong, native. Pulgus, i, n., people, a multitude, crowd, Vir, adv., with difficulty, hardly, scarcely. throng; the vulgar, the common sort, Vocabulum, i, n. (voco), the appellation of common people, populace, mob, Tabble, a thing, a namo, terın, word.

rout; the common soldiers, privates : in voco, 1 (vor), v. a., I call ; I call upon, in

vulgus, with the people, with the multivoke, implore; I call, cite, summon; I call, Inde, with the common sort, commonly, bid, invito; I invite, entice, attract, al- generally.

lure; I call out, challenge; I call, name. Vulnéro, 1(rulnus), v. a., I wound; figur.: V glens, tis, part. (volo, velle), adj., willing. I hurt, injure, pain. Vylovis, vult, võlui, velle, v. a., I cry or Vulnus and volnus, čris n., a hurt in the

beg for, desire, wish ; I will, have a mind, body, wound; figur. : a damage, huri, am willing, choose, purpose, intend: I

injury, sadness ; sting, mortification, conimand, ordain, appoint ; quid sibi vult ? calamity, misfortune; a wound of the

HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX.

Acastus, i, m., a freedman belonging to the remaining 16 years of his life in Asia Cicero.

Minor, Rhodes, and Samos, as a teacber Achaia, ae, f., the province of Achaia in the of rhetoric.

northern part of the Peloponnesus, on Aeschylus, i, m., a native of Cuidus, a cobthe gulf of Corinth. After the destruc- temporary of Cicero, and one of the tion of Corinth by Mummius, B. C. 146, most eminent rhetoricians in Asia Mince. all of Greece was a Roman province Ho accompanied Cicero on his excursions under the name of Achaia.

in Asia. Adiatinus, i, m. (also written Adcantuan- Aesopus, i, m. (Clodius), the most celenus), a chief of the Sotiates.

brated tragic actor at Rome in the Cice Aduatūci, orum, m., believed to be a Ger- ronian period, probably a freedman of the

man tribe, and a reninant of the Cimbri Clodia gens. Like Roscius, he enjoyed and Teutones. They occupied the coun- the intimacy of Rome's greatest orator, try on the east of tho Nervii, between who calls him nester Aesopas and Bester tho Scaldis (Scheld) and the Mosa familiaris. During his exile, Cicero re(Meuse).

ceived many valuable marks of Aesopus's Aedui, brum, m., the Aedui, one of the friendship. Like Roscius also, be soat

most powerful tribes in all Gaul, dwell- ized an immense fortune by his prole. ing between the Liger (Loire) and the rion ; for he died worth almost $1,000,000. Arar (Savno), and extending southward Alduasdübis, is, m. (commonly writtea as far as Lugdunum:

Dubis), a river which comes from Mount Aegypta, ae, m., a slave of Cicern,

Jura and falls into the Arar (Saone): Aemilius, i, m., the namo of a distinguished now Doubs

Roman gens. L. Aemilius, an officer in Allgbrú yes, um, a Gallic people, bounded Caesar's army, who commanded a part on the north and west by the Rhodanus

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