The Way and the Word: Science and Medicine in Early China and Greece

Copertina anteriore
Yale University Press, 2002 - 348 pagine
The rich civilizations of ancient China and Greece built sciences of comparable sophistication--each based on different foundations of concept, method, and organization. In this engrossing book, two world-renowned scholars compare the cosmology, science, and medicine of China and Greece between 400 B.C. and A.D. 200, casting new light not only on the two civilizations but also on the evolving character of science.

Sir Geoffrey Lloyd and Nathan Sivin investigate the differences between the thinkers in the two civilizations: what motivated them, how they understood the cosmos and the human body, how they were educated, how they made a living, and whom they argued with and why. The authors' new method integrally compares social, political, and intellectual patterns and connections, demonstrating how all affected and were affected by ideas about cosmology and the physical world. They relate conceptual differences in China and Greece to the diverse ways that intellectuals in the two civilizations earned their living, interacted with fellow inquirers, and were involved with structures of authority.

By A.D. 200 the distinctive scientific strengths of both China and Greece showed equal potential for theory and practice. Lloyd and Sivin argue that modern science evolved not out of the Greek tradition alone but from the strengths of China, Greece, India, Islam, and other civilizations, which converged first in the Muslim world and then in Renaissance Europe.
 

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In The Way and the Word: Science and Medicine in Early China and Greece, Geoffrey Lloyd and Nathan Sivin examine ancient China and ancient Greece to “explore complexes of similarities and differences ... Leggi recensione completa

Indice

Aims and Methods
1
What Is Ancient Science?
4
What Is Comparable?
6
Methods
9
Historical Setting
11
The Social and Institutional Framework of the Chinese Sciences
16
Origins of Scientists and Physicians
22
Employment and Patronage
27
The Aims of Inquiry
189
The World That Concepts Describe
193
Appearance versus Reality
203
Macrocosm and Microcosms
214
The Concepts of the Sciences
226
Conclusions
234
Chinese and Greek Sciences Compared
239
Concepts
240

Individuals Groups Education Transmission
42
Arguments Books Commentaries Memorials
61
The Social Nexus of the Sciences
79
The Social and Institutional Framework of Greek Science
82
Individuals Groups Sects Orthodoxies
104
Debates Lectures Dialogues Treatises Commentaries
118
The Fundamental Issues of Greek Science
140
Why Elements Why Nature Why Reality versus Appearances?
142
Causes
158
Mathematical and Physical Explanations
165
Gumptions and Debates
174
Conclusions
183
The Fundamental Issues of the Chinese Sciences
188
Livelihood
242
Applications of Cosmology and Science
243
Pluralism and Deviance
244
Public and Private Spheres
246
Consensus and Disagreement
247
Persuasion
249
The Way and the Word
250
Evolution of the Chinese Cosmological Synthesis
253
Chronology of Historical Events
273
Notes
279
Bibliography
299
Index and Glossary
329
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (2002)

Sir Geoffrey Lloyd is emeritus professor of ancient philosophy and science at the University of Cambridge. Nathan Sivin is professor of Chinese culture and of the history of science at the University of Pennsylvania.

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