The Way and the Word: Science and Medicine in Early China and Greece
The rich civilizations of ancient China and Greece built sciences of comparable sophistication--each based on different foundations of concept, method, and organization. In this engrossing book, two world-renowned scholars compare the cosmology, science, and medicine of China and Greece between 400 B.C. and A.D. 200, casting new light not only on the two civilizations but also on the evolving character of science.
Sir Geoffrey Lloyd and Nathan Sivin investigate the differences between the thinkers in the two civilizations: what motivated them, how they understood the cosmos and the human body, how they were educated, how they made a living, and whom they argued with and why. The authors' new method integrally compares social, political, and intellectual patterns and connections, demonstrating how all affected and were affected by ideas about cosmology and the physical world. They relate conceptual differences in China and Greece to the diverse ways that intellectuals in the two civilizations earned their living, interacted with fellow inquirers, and were involved with structures of authority.
By A.D. 200 the distinctive scientific strengths of both China and Greece showed equal potential for theory and practice. Lloyd and Sivin argue that modern science evolved not out of the Greek tradition alone but from the strengths of China, Greece, India, Islam, and other civilizations, which converged first in the Muslim world and then in Renaissance Europe.
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In The Way and the Word: Science and Medicine in Early China and Greece, Geoffrey Lloyd and Nathan Sivin examine ancient China and ancient Greece to “explore complexes of similarities and differences ... Leggi recensione completa
Aims and Methods
What Is Ancient Science?
What Is Comparable?
The Social and Institutional Framework of the Chinese Sciences
Origins of Scientists and Physicians
Employment and Patronage
The Aims of Inquiry
The World That Concepts Describe
Appearance versus Reality
Macrocosm and Microcosms
The Concepts of the Sciences
Chinese and Greek Sciences Compared
Individuals Groups Education Transmission
Arguments Books Commentaries Memorials
The Social Nexus of the Sciences
The Social and Institutional Framework of Greek Science
Individuals Groups Sects Orthodoxies
Debates Lectures Dialogues Treatises Commentaries
The Fundamental Issues of Greek Science
Why Elements Why Nature Why Reality versus Appearances?
Mathematical and Physical Explanations
Gumptions and Debates
The Fundamental Issues of the Chinese Sciences
Applications of Cosmology and Science
Pluralism and Deviance
Public and Private Spheres
Consensus and Disagreement
The Way and the Word
Evolution of the Chinese Cosmological Synthesis
Chronology of Historical Events
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