Biogeography of Microscopic Organisms: Is Everything Small Everywhere?
Bringing together the viewpoints of leading experts in taxonomy, ecology and biogeography of different taxa, this book synthesises discussion surrounding the so-called 'everything is everywhere' hypothesis. It addresses the processes that generate spatial patterns of diversity and biogeography in organisms that can potentially be cosmopolitan. The contributors discuss questions such as: are microorganisms (e.g. prokaryotes, protists, algae, yeast and microscopic fungi, plants and animals) really cosmopolitan in their distribution? What are the biological properties that allow such potential distribution? Are there processes that would limit their distribution? Are microorganisms intrinsically different from macroscopic ones? What can microorganisms tell us about the generalities of biogeography? Can they be used for experimental biogeography? Written for graduate students and academic researchers, the book promotes a more complete understanding of the spatial patterns and the general processes in biogeography.
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Part II Prokaryotes
metabolic activity and mechanisms of dispersal
Part III Unicellular eukaryotes
a twentyfirst century dereconstruction with respect to protists
Arcellinida model of organisms for assessing microbial biogeography
the distribution of cactophilic yeast
Part IV Pluricellular eukaryotes
does size matter?
12 Dispersal limitation or habitat quality what shapes the distribution ranges of ferns?
13 Ubiquity of microscopic animals? Evidence from the morphological approach in species identification
14 Molecular approach to micrometazoans Are they here there and everywhere?
Part V Processes
16 A metacommunity perspective on the phylo and biogeography of small organisms
research directions and prospects for experimental biogeogr
10 Biogeography and phylogeography of lichen fungi and their photobionts
American analysis animals Apodera aquatic Arcellinida arctic areas Baas Becking bacteria bdelloid Biodiversity Biology bryophytes cacti cactophilic yeast cactus ciliate clade Cloud forest Cloud colonisation communities cosmopolitan cosmopolitan distributions cryptobiosis diatoms disjunct diversity Drosophila ecosystems Edited endemic environment selects eukaryotes Everything is everywhere evidence Evolution evolutionary example Fenchel ferns Finlay Foissner free-living freshwater fungi Ganter Gastrotricha gene flow genetic genus Geobacillus geographic global groups habitats haplotypes hypothesis isolated Journal of Biogeography Kristensen Lachance lakes lichen lichen fungi lineages long-distance dispersal marine microbial biogeography micrometazoans microorganisms microscopic migration Molecular Ecology morphological morphospecies nematodes niche Opuntia organisms photobionts phylogenetic phylogeny phylogeography Pichia plants populations potential protists range rDNA record new record regions relationship resting cysts rotifers rots samples scale sequences soil Sonoran Sonoran Desert spatial speciation species richness spores Starmer strains structure studies Systematics Association tardigrades taxa taxonomic testate amoebae thermophilic tropical University Press variation yeast