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IV. TEACHERS OF THE DEAF Harmonic training, vocal training, articulation, programs of voice exercises for deaf mutes.

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V. PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS AND OTHERS Elective courses, Saturday morning, afternoon, and evenings.

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VI. CHILDREN'S CLASSES Saturday afternoon. Courses: 1. Reading and Recitation. 2. Simple Harmonic Exercises. 3. Fancy Steps. 4. Gymnastics.

VII. PHYSICAL TRAINING The various courses in Physical Training are open to special students, and full normal courses for teachers of Physical Culture are given. A general course for health and grace: 1. Fancy Steps or rhythmic movements in dancing. 2. Corrective work. 3. Medical Gymnastics. 4. Playground Course, including Folk Dancing, Story Telling, Games, etc. 5. General training for children and adults. (See Organic Gymnastic Circular.)

Courses: 1. Reading. 2. Speaking. 3. Voice. 4. Dramatic
Art. (See Special Circular.)

IX. HOME STUDIES The Home Study Department offers courses in all phases of Vocal Expression, and in special lines of Literature. Besides courses for teachers, designed as keys to the use of Dr. Curry's publications, may be mentioned:

Courses: 1. Speaking. 2. Relation of the Lyric Spirit in Literature to Reading. 3. Narrative Spirit in Literature. 4. Entertainment (Story-telling). 5. Beginnings of Literature: (a) Mother Goose Rhymes. (b) Myths and Fables. (c) Folk Lore. 6. Recuperative programs. (See Home Study Circular.)

Those interested in Home Studies should also send for the Morning League of the School of Expression Circular.

X. SUMMER COURSES The summer terms and courses of the School are unique, thoroughly organized, practical and progressive. They furnish unusual opportunities for the earnest student who finds it necessary to economize time. Both beginning and advanced courses are given in these. All work done in the Summer Term counts toward the regular diploma courses. (See March number of “ Expression.")

XI. AD JUNCTIVE COURSES Preparatory English and Rhetoric, Argumentation, Parliamentary Law, Play-writing and Dramatic Criticism, Methods of Staging Plays, French, German, Music, Singing and Stage Art. (See Special Circular.)

Many singers and teachers of singing take the voice courses of the School of Expression. They receive extra and special training according to the principles of the School.

Should exceed his grasp.

- Browning.

SPIRIT OF THE SCHOOL THE School not only prepares students for specific

professions, but aims especially to develop true

manhood and womanhood. The work of the institution has been recognized by its power to stimulate ideals, awaken aspirations, quicken imagination and feeling, and to idealize human relations.

Students attending primarily for culture can arrange courses of from one to twenty hours a week which will meet their needs. The courses especially recommended are those in Literature and in English, in the training of the Voice and Body, in Conversations, and the various courses and studies in Art and Interpretation.

Special course for culture: 1. The Voice as a Social Factor. 2. Conversation as an Art. 3. The Art of Entertaining. 4. Grace in Everyday Life.

SPIRITUAL CULTURE The indirect effects of all the work in the School of Expression and the general spirit of association of the students receive careful attention. There is a short chapel exercise each morning. Courses are given occasionally at other times in the week with indications to students of how the work of Expression leads to a definite consciousness of the true nature of man and a true realization of the beauty and dignity of human life.

Some of the courses to be given are:

1. Spiritual Ideals of the Poets. 2. History of the Poetic and Spiritual Introduction to Nature. 3. Spiritual Ideals of Our Own Time and Their Expression. 4. Expression and Life. 5. The Relation of Art to Human Ideals and Experiences.


Literary interpretations, impersonations, representation of plays, with and without scenery, form important features of the School.

Students are encouraged to make creative studies in connection with prescribed courses. Many of these studies are subject to suggestions from the teachers.

Professional students during their senior year are permitted, when their work is satisfactory, to give special public recitals under their own names, and they are allowed the use of the Irving Studio for that purpose. Such recitals, however, must first be given informally in recital, and approved by the teachers in charge. These recitals must show originality in conception and skill in dramatic handling, and must be from standard literature.

The recitals Friday noon and Thursday evening are important courses. Attendance at and participation in these exercises are required of diploma students.

METHODS OF THE SCHOOL Investigations fostered by the School have brought about important discoveries, and the methods adopted have advanced vocal and other forms of training.

The School is now recognized as the “ fountainhead of right work in this department of education.” Methods of imitation, of mechanical analysis, of studies which result only in the acquisition and accumulation of facts, and are inconsistent with the ideals of the best modern education, are avoided. The methods chosen develop creative power, stimulate endeavor, and offer a wellbalanced scientific training either for professional work or for harmonizing and perfecting the personality.

The School of Expression is founded upon the principle that the growth and development of the mind depend not only upon receiving right impressions, but equally upon giving them adequate expression; impression must precede and determine expression. The School aims to

supply a common lack in modern methods of education, takes its pupils as it finds them, and does for each whatever is necessary to call forth and unfold the innate powers.

Students are made familiar with what master minds have expressed or recorded in literature, painting and sculpture, and are brought into contact with the fullest artistic interpretations of life in all forms of art. Literature is studied as an aspect of expression, and all expression is regarded as primarily centering in the natural languages of voice and body.

All are encouraged to express themselves in many ways, — to converse, to tell stories, to read aloud, to write, to speak, to act, to recite, to dramatize good authors, to give monologues, to abridge the masterpieces of fiction, and to give dramatic impersonations.

The purpose of the School is to emphasize the spoken word in education. Some of the aims are:

1. The harmonious development of the individual.

2. The bringing of students into such contact with nature, literature and art as will stimulate spontaneous activity.

3. The awakening of imagination, feeling, and creative power; the stimulation of the student's own ideals, tested in the sphere of expression and directed to practical ends.

4. The development of the student's consciousness of his possibilities and the establishment of confidence in his best instincts.

5. The harmonizing of thought, emotion and will; the co-ordination of all human activities, and the evolution of efficient personality for establishing self-forgetfulness.

6. The tracing of faults of speaking, or of stammering, of stuttering, or of impediments of speech, to their causes and the elimination of these causes by training.

7. The treatment of mannerisms as automatic movements, and their correction by establishing thinking.

8. The development of naturalness and efficiency through selfstudy, sympathetic identification and assimilation.

9. Consciousness of form awakened in one's expression and made a means of interpreting and appreciating literature, art and life,

(Continued on page 34.)

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