Animals and Disease: An Introduction to the History of Comparative Medicine
Man's attempts to learn about aspects of the human body and its functions by observation and study of animals are to be found throughout history, especially at times and in cultures where the human body was considered sacrosanct, even after death. This book describes the origins and later development, especially in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, of comparative medicine and its interrelationship with medicine and veterinary medicine and the efforts of its practitioners to understand and control outbreaks of infectious, epidemic diseases in humans and in domestic animals. In the nineteenth century their efforts and increasing professionalism led to the creation of specialised institutes devoted to the study of comparative medicine. Paradoxically the first such institute, the Brown Institution, opened in London in 1871, despite the fact that the study of this branch of medicine in Britain had always lagged behind that in France and Germany. The book discusses the rise and fall of this centre and describes how it was soon overtaken in importance by the great institutes in Paris and Berlin and then, from the turn of the century, by American institutes, funded by private fortunes. This book sheds much new light on the medical and veterinary history of this period and will provide a new perspective on the history of bacteriology.
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From the Dark Ages to the dawn of enlightenment
The impact of cattle plague in the early eighteenth
Cattle plague in England and on the European
Patterns of veterinary education
From transmissihility of rabies and glanders
Putrid intoxication animate contagion
Establishing professional comparative medicine
Nineteenth century developments in comparative
1z From European nucleus to worldwide growth
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Academie agents Alfort animal disease anthrax attempts bacillus bacteriology became blood Bourgelat bovine British Brown Institution bubonic plague Burdon Sanderson cattle diseases cattle plague caused chapter Chauveau comparative medicine comparative pathology concerned contagion contagious courtesy Wellcome Institute Davaine death dogs domestic animals early eighteenth century epidemic epidemiology epizootics established Europe European experimental experiments farrier fever filterable foot-and-mouth disease France French Galtier Gamgee glanders Hist horses Horsley human ibid idem infected infectious diseases inoculation interest Italy John Gamgee Koch's Lancet Lancisi later London Lyons McFadyean medical and veterinary nineteenth century observations outbreak Paris Pasteur Pasteur Institute physician pleuropneumonia present problems published putrid quarantine rabies Rayer rinderpest Robert Koch Rockefeller Institute sheep smallpox species Theobald Smith Theodorides Toussaint transmission treatise University vaccine Vegetius Veterinary College veterinary education veterinary medicine veterinary profession veterinary schools Vicq d'Azyr virus viruses Wellcome Institute Library wrote Youatt