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may justly claim for it what Tacitus has said of his own age: Non omnia apud priores meliora sed nostra quoque aetas multa laudis et artium imitanda posteris tulit; and I have always felt that the introduction of the works of later authors in suitable selections cannot but infuse fresh life into classical studies, and widen the literary horizon of both pupil and teacher.

The present collection is the outcome of this longcherished conviction. As readers, I have had particularly in mind the students of the higher classes in colleges, but these selections will also be found most useful as collateral reading for lectures on post - Augustan literature in universities; they will furnish suitable material for sightreading; and, finally, they may possibly be welcomed by many a classical scholar whose lack of leisure or opportunity has hitherto prevented him from acquiring an adequate acquaintance with the literary masterpieces of the period in which they were written.

animo est.

The selections themselves, while naturally not including everything that is best, will, I am confident, be found to contain nothing that is not eminently worthy of perusal; for, if I be permitted to alter slightly the words of Quintilian, pauca (sunt enim eminentissima) excerpere in Facile est autem studiosis quae sunt his simillima iudicare: ne quisquam queratur omissa forte quae ipse valde probet. Mere brief lumina ingenii et artis' have however, with one or two exceptions, been rigidly excluded, the selections being in every case made sufficiently extensive to give a continuous and coherent story which at the same time exhibits the author at his best.

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The text follows the best modern editions, but I have availed myself of the opportunity to consult the latest critical contributions of importance, so far as they were accessible to me. The deviations from the standard texts

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PREFACE

have been briefly recorded in a Critical Appendix, but their detailed justification must be reserved for some future occasion.

V

In view of the unfortunate confusion in matters of orthography and punctuation with which I found myself confronted, I have ventured to follow one consistent plan throughout, although I am well aware that the works of the authors selected, covering as they do a period of four centuries, do not exhibit any such uniformity themselves. I have written the unassimilated forms-for instance, df, dr, dp, ds, dt, nl, nm, ur, bm, and the accusative plural in is, wherever permissible, but have retained mp throughout, for reasons which it is not possible to give here.

The brief introductions to each author aim at nothing more than immediate orientation. For detailed information the reader should consult the current hand-books of Roman literature. I have, however, drawn attention to exhaustive modern commentaries, or monographs, where such exist.

In conclusion, I desire to thank Professor E. P. Morris, of Yale, and Professor M. H. Morgan, of Harvard, for their trouble in reading the proofs of the following pages, and for many suggestions which they have kindly communicated to me.

ALFRED GUDEMAN.

PHILADELPHIA, June 20, 1898.

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SENECA RHETOR
Controversiae-I.

Introduction

Porcius Latro. Controversiae-II.

Fabianus Controversiae-III.

CONTENTS

Cassius Severus

The One-sidedness of Genius

Controversiae-X.

Titus Labienus

Suasoria-VI.

The Death and Character of Cicero

VELLEIVS PATERCVLVS.

I., 16-18, The Golden Age of Greek and Roman Literature

II., 34, Cicero

II., 35, Cato

II., 36, Augustan Age.

II., 41-43, Caesar

II., 66, Antonius and Cicero

II., 67, 70-2, 87-89, The Last Days of the Republic
II., 106-108, 130 f., Panegyric of Tiberius.

CVRTIVS RVFvs

Bk. VI., 2, 15-21, 3, 1-18, Alexander's Speech to his Mutinous Soldiers.

Bk. VII., 8, 1-30, The Speech of the Scythians.
Bk. VIII., 1, 20-52, 2, 1-12, The Murder of Clito
Bk. X., 5, The Death of Alexander

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C. PETRONIVS ARBITER.

Ch. 1-5, On the Decline of Culture
Ch. 88, On the Decline of the Arts

Ch. 118, Qualities Essential to True Poetry

Ch. 30-78, Cena Trimalchionis.

L.

INNAEVS SENECA.

Ch. 17-25, De Vita Beata.

Bk. IV., 5-8, 30-32, De Beneficiis

Ch. 9, 16, De Tranquillitate Animi

Bk. II., 21, De Ira

Ch. 14-16, De Brevitate Vitae

Epist. 79, 13-17.

Epist. 80, 1-10

Epist. 84, 1-9.

Epist. 88, 1-46

Epist. 90, 1-46
Epist. 108, 23-39.
Epist. 114, 1-22 .
Apocolocyntosis.

PLINY THE ELDER
Preface to the Natural History
Bk.

Bk.

Bk.

Bk. XXXIII., 1-13, Metals.

Bk. XXXV., 1-19, 21-28, 51-74, 79-97, 101-104, History

of Painting

II., 1-27, Pliny's Theology

VII., 88-94, On Memory .

VII., 100-117, Illustrious Men .

M. FABIVS QUINTILIANVS

Bk.

I., Prooemium

Bk.

I., 1, Elementary Instruction

Bk. I., 2, Education at Home and in School.

Bk. I., 3, Child Study.

Bk.

I., 12, Multiplicity of Elementary Studies.
Bk. II., 2. The Character and Duties of the Teacher

Bk. II., 3, On Selection of the Teacher.

Bk. VI., Prooemium

Bk. X., 1, 1-45. On Reading

Bk. X., 1, 85-131, Review of Roman Authors

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