Fiscal Crises, Liberty, and Representative Government, 1450-1789
This volume, one of the books in the "Making of Modern Freedom" series, is a collection of essays by eminent historians who explore the relationship between state finance and political development in fifteenth and sixteenth century Europe. They analyze how during this period European states were engaged in nearly continuous warfare and how those warfares produced fiscal crises. As a result, rulers were forced to enter into novel fiscal agreements with their subjects, often providing their subjects more political power, in exchange.
The volume begins with two essays on England. David Harris Sacks traces the politics of government finance from the fifteenth century to the eve of the Civil War, and J. R. Jones carries the story forward into the eighteenth century, when representative government was jeopardized by new and powerful financial interests. The third essay, by Augustus J. Veenendaal, Jr., explains why the Netherlands' exceptional ability to raise money by taxes and loans allowed them to wage war without the severe financial difficultes experiencd by other European powers. Two essays on Spain by I. A. A. Thompson follow the changing fortunes of the Cortes of Castile, relating its role to the desperate manipulation of Spanish fiscal policy as it came into conflict with the dearly held liberties of Castilian citizens.
The two final essays deal with the consequences of absolutism in France. Philip T. Hoffman details the fiscal effect of noble privileges and explores the political ramifications of the country's repeated financial crises, and Kathryn Norberg explains why the fiscal crisis of 1789 finally brought down the monarchy.
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Fiscal Crises Parliament
Fiscal Policies Liberties and Representative
Fiscal Crises and Constitutional Freedom
Polity Fiscality and Fiscal Crisis
Absolutism Constitutionalism and Liberty
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absolute administration alcabalas annuities army borrowing Castile Castilian central chap Charles cities collected common consent constitutional Cortes cost Council courts crisis Crown debt Domínguez Ortiz ducats Dutch Republic E. A. Wrigley early modern Early Modern France economic eighteenth century encabezamiento England English excise Felipe Felipe IV fisc fiscal crises Fortescue France freedom French granted Habsburg Hacienda Holland Ibid income juros king king's kingdom land levied liberty livres loans London Madrid magistrates medieval ment military million ducats ministers monarchy Netherlands nobility office holders paid Paris Parlement Parlement of Paris Parliament parliamentary payments percent Philip Philip II political privileges procuradores provinces provincial estates realm reform reign Reino rents representative institutions Revolution royal Seven Years War seventeenth century siglo sixteenth century social Spain stadholder subjects tax farmers taxation tion towns trade treasury Tudor Valladolid vols voted wealth Zeeland
"Sacred and politic unions": natalism, families, and the state in old regime ...
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Corps and Clienteles: Public Finance and Political Change in France, 1688-1715
Anteprima non disponibile - 2003