World Prehistory and Archaeology

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Routledge, 5 ott 2015 - 504 pagine

An integrated picture of prehistory as an active process of discovery.

World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, third edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers.

Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The third edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:

* Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being.

* Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology.

* Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for understanding contemporary society.

 

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Indice

EARLY STATES
PART
A FEAST OF DIVERSITY
Review Questions
CONTENTS
Government
Recording Methods
Counting Bones
The Development of Farming Societies
Archaeology and the Environment
Early
CHAPTER 10
A Constructed Landscape
Summing Up the Evidence
The Development of Pueblo Bonito
The Chacoan Network

Ethnoarchaeology
Chapter Summary Key Terms
Organizing Time
Systems Theory
Archaeoacoustics Evolutionary Archaeology FROM THE FIELD Why Do I Do Archaeology? by Joe Watkins
CHAPTER 2 GETTING STARTED IN ARCHAEOLOGY PUTTING THE PICTURE TOGETHER
CHAPTER 3
The Early Hominin Radiation
Following the Footsteps of Our Ancestors
The Archaeological Evidence
Living Floors and Base Camps
The Initial Occupation of Western Europe
Neanderthal Genetics
Site Organization and the Use of Fire
Summary Key Terms
The African Middle Stone
Comparing the Middle Stone Age and the Middle Paleolithic
Fate of the Neanderthals
Archaeological Evidence
Chronology
Summary Key Terms
Human Burials
Dating the Earliest Human Occupation
Artwork
Experimental Archaeology
Clovis First
Early Arrival Model
The Skeletal Evidence
Beyond Clovis
PART THREE
CHAPTER 7
Domestication
Ritual
Paleoethnobotany
CHAPTER 5
Summing Up the Evidence
The Formative Period
The Adena and the Hopewell
CHAPTER 9
The First Farmers
Clearing Forests and Draining Swamps
Domestication in the Andean Highlands
Summing Up the Evidence
Summing Up the Evidence
Summary Key Terms
Chronology
Surplus and Specialization
The Setting
The Author on His Fieldwork Excavating at Giza
CHAPTER 4
Violence and Warfare
The Setting and Chronology
Writing
The Three Dynasties
Conflict and Consolidation
Summing Up the Evidence
Mummies of the Tarim Basin
Underwater Archaeology
Summary Key Terms
Mesoamerica
Summing Up the Evidence
The Setting and Chronology
Geophysical Methods
Maya Hieroglyphics
Ritual Violence and Warfare
Summing Up the Evidence
Ritual and Human Sacrifice
Summary Key Terms
The Setting and the Temple
Chavín de Huántar The Beginnings of Social
Summing Up the Evidence
Metallurgy
Building Empire
Summing Up the Evidence
Summary Key Terms
EPILOGUE BRINGING IT BACK HOME
APPENDICES
Glossary
REFERENCES
CREDITS
CHAPTER 13
NAME INDEX
SUBJECT INDEX
UseWear Analysis
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (2015)

Michael Chazan is an associate professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto. He earned his Ph.D. in anthropology at Yale University. Before coming to Toronto, Dr. Chazan was a postdoctoral fellow with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris and at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Among his field experience are excavations in New Jersey, France, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, and South Africa. Dr. Chazan's publications include a monograph on the Lower Paleolithic site of Holon, Israel, coauthored with Liora Horwitz. Dr. Chazan is currently engaged in a project on the Earlier Stone Age of South Africa: " The project pulls together an international team of researchers to study a series of spectacular sites located in the Northern Cape Province.

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