Arthropod Venoms

Copertina anteriore
S. Bettini
Springer Science & Business Media, 13 mar 2013 - 977 pagine
Arthropod venoms have received much attention and have played an important role in folklore and medicine since ancient times. Scorpion envenomation, "tarant ism," bee and wasp stings are among those subjects about which most has been speculated and written in the past. In the last 50 years or so, a great number of scientific papers have been devoted to arthropod venoms, but only a few volumes have been designed to collect this rapidly increasing material, and these are not recent. Of late, the chemistry and mode of action of several arthropod venoms have been thoroughly studied, and some of these substances will probably be used as pharmacological tools and also as therapeutic agents. The aim of the present volume is to collect in manual form new information as well as the old notions on arthropod venoms. Even though it was our intention to present a volume on arthropod venoms, and not on venomous arthropods, inevitably we were forced to include information on venom-producing organisms as well. We assumed, in fact, that those scientists for whom the present manual is primarily intended (biochemists, particularly com parative biochemists, and pharmacologists) should be familiar with the biologic elements concerning the venom-producing species; which should show them how important it is to operate in close collaboration with biologists specialized in venomous arthropod systematics and biology.
 

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Sommario

CHAPTER
1
CHAPTE R
3
References
8
B Crustaceans Suspected of Being Poisonous
14
Toxicity of Crabs
15
F Pharmacology of Toxins in Crabs
27
R DINIZ Dr Ministerio da Educação E Cultura Universidade Federal
30
H HorseshoeCrab Poisoning
35
Symptomology
436
F Summary
455
CHAPTER 17
465
References
484
CHAPTER 18
489
Chemistry of the Secretions
495
E Other Glands and Secretions
506
Chemistry of the Secretions
520

Defensive Secretions of Millipeds T EISNER D ALSOP K HICKs and J MEINWALD
40
B Chemistry of the Secretions
51
Defensive Effectiveness of the Glands
58
E Implications to Humans
65
CHAPTE R 4
73
CHAPTER 5
87
B Order Uropygi
94
Review of the Spider Families with Notes on the LesserKnown Poisonous Forms
100
B Labidognatha Araneomorphae
108
References
118
A Systematics and Distribution M R GRAY With 1 Figure
126
P EFRATI Professor Kaplan Hospital Rehovot Israel
139
References
147
Venom
156
Pharmacology and Mode of Action on Different Zoological Groups
162
References
179
B Epidemiology of Envenomation Symptomatology Pathology and Treatment
185
Human Symptomatology
192
Differential Diagnosis
199
CHAPTER 9
213
CHAPTER 10
217
Physiology of Biting
224
F Biochemistry of the Phoneutria nigriventer Venom and Procedures
233
G Envenomation in Man
242
B Epidemiology Symptomatology Pathology Prognosis Treatment
260
CHAPTER 12
276
Morphology and Function of the Venom Apparatus
284
J Suggestions for Therapy
294
CHAPTER 13
309
Chemistry and Pharmacology of Buthinae Scorpion Venoms E ZLOTKIN
317
References
362
CHAPTER 14
370
B Chemical and Pharmacologic Aspects of Tityinae Venoms C R DINIZ
379
CHAPTER 15
395
References
413
CHAPTER 16
419
Hosts
426
CHAPTER 25
543
Biological and Physiological Effects of the Toxins
547
CHAPTER 20
555
5
585
Lepidopterism
594
a Extraction of the Poison
601
CHAPTER 21
613
B Composition of Apis mellifera Venom
622
The Mast Cell Degranulating
635
Physiologic Activity of Apis mellifera Venom
641
Other Physiologic Properties
649
CHAPTER 22
660
Venoms of Mutillidae
682
CHAPTER 23
691
G Antigenicity and Immunological Aspects
748
J Concluding Remarks 7 58
758
CHAPTER 24
773
Methods of Obtaining Venom for Study
779
H Host Preferences and Host Sensitivity to Venom
794
Myrmeciinae Ponerinae
801
Morphology of the Hymenopterous Venom Apparatus
817
F Abdominal Muscles That Indirectly Affect the Movement of the Venom
835
Effectiveness of Paralysis
855
References
860
Dolichoderinae and Aneuretinae
870
Anal Gland Constituents
880
Dolichoderine Natural ProductsAn Overview
886
Small Peptides and Free Amino Acids
896
E Phyletic Implications Based on Venom Slerites and Associated Glands
900
875
910
884
921
584
925
Subject Index
940
586
943
588
953
662
972
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