Water Quality: Guidelines, Standards, and Health : Assessment of Risk and Risk Management for Water-related Infectious Disease
World Health Organization, 2001 - 424 pagine
The potential to increase consistency in approaches to assessment and management of water-related microbial hazards was tackled by an international group of experts concerned with drinking water irrigation and wastewater use and recreational/bathing water. It included individuals with expertise in public health epidemiology risk assessment risk management standards and regulation communication and economics. Subsequently a series of reviews was progressively developed and refined which addressed the principal issues of concern linking water and health to the establishment and implementation of effective affordable and efficient guidelines and standards. This book is based on these reviews together with the discussions of the harmonised framework and the issues surrounding it. This book will prove invaluable to all those concerned with issues relating to microbial water quality and health including environmental and public health scientists water scientists policy makers and regulators.
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acceptable risk analysis approach areas associated beach benefits burden of disease Campylobacter Chapter chlorine coli coliforms coliphages cost-effectiveness costs critical control points cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidium Cryptosporidium parvum detection developing countries diarrhoea diarrhoeal disease disease burden disinfection drinking water drinking-water effluent enterococci environment environmental epidemiological epidemiological studies Escherichia coli estimate example excreta exposure faecal faecal contamination framework gastroenteritis gastrointestinal illness guidelines HACCP hazards health effects health risks hepatitis human hygiene identified impact implementation important incidence indicator bacteria individual infection irrigation measures methods microbial Microbiol microbiological risk monitoring oocyst outcome pathogens phages pollution population potential protection protozoa public health recreational water reduce reported risk assessment risk communication risk factors risk management rotavirus samples sanitation interventions sewage specific standards streptococci surveillance Table values viruses wastewater reuse water and sanitation water quality water supply water-related waterborne disease waterborne outbreaks World Health Organization