Immagini della pagina

vídeo, ere, vīdi, visum, v. tr. To see, behold, observe, look at, perceive; to understand, comprehend, learn.

videor, ēri, visus sum, v. pass. and dep. To be scen; to seem, appear; to seem good, scem proper or convenient, v. 36.

Vienna, ac, f. A town of the Allobroges, in Gallia Narbonensis, now Vienne, vii. 9.

vigilia, ae, f. (vigil, a watch). A keeping awake, wakefulness, sleeplessness, v. 31; a watching, watch, guard; the time of keeping guard or watch. The Romans divided the night, i. e., from sunset to sunrise, into four vigiliae, which varied in length according to the season of the year; the third watch began at midnight, i. 12, 40.

viginti, num. adj. indeel. Twenty. vīmen, inis, n. (vieo, to bind). A twig, a pliant branch or vine, osier. vincio, īre, nxi, notum, v. tr. bind, i. 53.


vinco, ère, vici, victum, v. tr. and intr. To conquer, gain the victory, prove superior to, subdue, vanquish, overcome; to prevail, have one's will or way, v. 30.

vinctus, a, um, part. from vincio. vinculum, i, n. (rincio). A bond, fetters; in vincula conjicere, to throw into prison, iii. 9; ex vinculis, in chains, i. 4.

vir, viri, m.

A man; husband; a man of distinction, courage, or honor. vires, ium. See Vis.

virgo, inis, f. (reo, to flourish). A maid, maiden, virgin.

virgultum, i, n. Bush, brushwood, iii. 18.

Viridomărus, i, m. A chief of the Acdui, vii. 38, 39, 40, 54, 55, 63, 76. Viridŏvix, icis, m. A chief of the Unelli, iii. 17, 18.

Man by man,

virītim, adv. (vir).
to each one separately, vii. 71.

virtus, ūtis, f. (vir). Manliness; strength, power; courage, valor, bravery; goodness, worth, merit; excellence; energy, vigor, fortitude.

vis, vis, f. Power, strength, force; violence, hostile strength; vigor, energy; effect, influence, iv. 17; multitude, quantity, vi. 36; plur., vīres, ium, power, strength, might, force, i. 53. visus, a, um, part. from video. vita, ae, f. (for victa, from vivo).


vito, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To shun, avoid, seek to escape; to escape, evade.

vitrum, i, n. A plant used for dyeing blue, woad, v. 14.

vivo, ère, vixi, victum, v. intr. To live; to subsist on, nourish one's self with, support life, live upon, iv. 1, 10. vīvus, a, um, adj. (vivo). Living, alive.

vix, adv. With difficulty, hardly, scarcely, barely.

Vocates, ium, m. A people of Aquitania, south of the Garumna (Ga

vindico, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (vim, dico). To lay claim to; to demand, assert, maintain, vii. 76; to free, liberate, deliver, restore; Galliam in libertatem vindicare, to set Gaul free, vii.ronne), iii. 23, 27. 1; to avenge, revenge, punish, take vengeance upon, in aliquem, iii. 16.

vinea, ac, f. A kind of shed or mantlet, built like an arbor, for sheltering or protecting soldiers in their work, ii. 12, 30.

vīnum, i, n. Wine.

violo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (vis). To treat with violence; to injure, do violence to; to harm, vi. 23; to devastate, lay waste, vi. 32.

voco, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (vox). To call, summon, call upon; to invite, incite, summon, demand, vii. 32; to name, denominate, v. 21.

Vocontii, ōrum, m. A people of Gallia Narbonensis, between the rivers Isăra (Isère) and Druentia (Durance), in the south-eastern part of Dauphiné, i. 10.

Voctio, onis, m. A king of Noricum, i. 53.

Vorēnus, i, m. Lūcius, a brave centurion in Caesar's army, v. 44. Võsĕgus, i, m. A chain of moun

Volcae, ārum, m. A numerous people of Gallia Narbonensis or Provincia, divided into, 1) Volcae Arecomici, from the Rhone to Narbo; chieftains in Gaul, now the Vosges, iv. 10. town Nemausus, now Nismes, vii. 7, 64; 2) Volcae Tectosăges, from Narbo to the Pyrenees; chief town Tolosa, now Toulouse, vi. 24.

Volcatius, i, m. Caius Volcatius Tullus, a young man to whom Caesar intrusted the guard of his bridge over the Rhine, vi. 29.

volo, velle, võlui, v. irreg. To wish, desire; to purpose, intend, be disposed.

võluntārius, a, um, adj. (volo). Voluntary, willing. Subs., a volunteer, v. 56.

võluntas, ātis, f. (volo). Will, wish, choice, desire, inclination; consent, concurrence, approbation; good will, favor, affection.

võluptas, ātis, f. (volo). tion, pleasure, joy, delight.

voveo, ēre, vōvi, vōtum, v. tr. To vow; to promise solemnly, vi. 16. vox, vōcis, f. A voice, sound, call, cry; word, i. 32. Plur., expressions, reports, sayings, language, words, i. 39.

Vulcānus, i, m. Vulcan, the son of Jupiter and Juno; the god of fire, vi. 21.

vulgo, adv. (vulgus). Generally, everywhere, universally, here and there, i. 39.

vulgus, i, n., rarely m. The great mass, the multitude, the common people; a crowd, throng.

vulnĕrātus, a, um, part. from vulněro. Wounded, v. 40.

vulnĕro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (vulSatisfac-nus). To wound, hurt, injure.

Volusēnus, i. Caius Volusēnus Quadrātus, a military tribune, afterwards commander of the cavalry in Caesar's army, iii. 5; iv. 21, 23; vi. 41,

vulnus, ĕris, n. A wound, an injury.

vultus, us, m. An expression of countenance, the looks, air, mien, aspect, features; vultum fingere, to control or command the countenance, i. 39.


A Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges.

By A. HARKNESS, Pп. D., Professor in Brown University.

To explain the general plan of the work, the Publishers ask the attention of teachers to the following extracts from the Preface:

1. This volume is designed to present a systematic arrangement of the great facts and laws of the Latin language; to exhibit not only grammatical forms and constructions, but also those vital principles which underlie, control, and explain them.

2. Designed at once as a text-book for the class-room, and a book of reference in study, it aims to introduce the beginner easily and pleasantly to the first principles of the language, and yet to make adequate provi. sion for the wants of the more advanced student.

3. By brevity and conciseness in the choice of phraseology and compactness in the arrangement of forms and topics, the author has endeavored to compress within the limits of a convenient manual an amount of carefully-selected grammatical facts, which would otherwise fill a much larger volume.

4. He has, moreover, endeavored to present the whole subject in the light of modern scholarship. Without encumbering his pages with any unnecessary discussions, he has aimed to enrich them with the practical results of the recent labors in the field of philology.

An attempt

5. Syntax has received in every part special attention. has been made to exhibit, as clearly as possible, that beautiful system of laws which the genius of the language-that highest of all grammatical authority-has created for itself.

6. Topics which require extended illustration are first presented in their completeness in general outline, before the separate points are discussed in detail. Thus a single page often foreshadows all the leading features of an extended discussion, imparting a completeness and vividness to the impression of the learner, impossible under any other treatment.

7. Special care has been taken to explain and illustrate with the requisite fulness all difficult and intricate subjects. The Subjunctive Moodthat severest trial of the teacher's patience—has been presented, it is hoped, in a form at once simple and comprehensive.


Harkness's Latin Grammar.

From Rev. Prof. J. J. OWEN, D. D., New York Free Academy.

"I have carefully examined Harkness's Latin Grammar, and am so well pleased with its plan, arrangement, and execution, that I shall take the earliest opportunity of introducing it as a text-book in the Free Academy."

From Mr. JoпN D. PHILBRICK, Superintendent of Public Schools, Boston, Mass. "This work is evidently no hasty performance, nor the compilation of a mere book maker, but the well-ripened fruit of mature aud accurate scholarship. It is eminently practical, because it is truly philosophical."

From Mr. G. N. BIGELOW, Principal of State Normal School, Framingham, Mass. "Harkness's Latin Grammar is the most satisfactory text-book I have ever used.”

From Rev. DANIEL LEACH, Superintendent Public Schools, Providence, R. I. "I am quite confident that it is superior to any Latin Grammar before the public. It has recently been introduced into the High School, and all are much pleased with it."

From Dr. J. B. CHAPIN, State Conmissioner of Public Instruction in Rhode Island. "The vital principles of the language are clearly and beautifully exhibited. The work needs no one's cominendation."

From Mr. ABNER J. PHIPPS, Superintendent of Public Schools, Lowell, Mass. "The aim of the author seems to be fully realized in making this a useful book, and as such I can cheerfully commend it. The clear and admirable manner in which the intricacies of the Subjunctive Mood are unfolded, is one of its marked features.

"The evidence of ripe scholarship and of familiarity with the latest works of German and English philologists is manifest throughout the book."

From Dr. J. T. CHAMPLIN, President of Waterville College.

"I like both the plan and the execution of the work very much. Its matter and manner are both admirable. I shall be greatly disappointed if it does not at once win the public favor."

From Prof. A. S. PACKARD, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. "Harkness's Latin Grammar exhibits throughout the results of thorough scholarship. I shall recommend it in our next catalogue."

From Prof. J. J. STANTON, Bates College.

"We have introduced Harkness's Grammar into this Institution. It is much more logical and concise than any of its rivals."

From Mr. WM. J. ROLFE, Principal Cambridge High School. "Notwithstanding all the inconveniences that must attend a change of Latin Grammars in a large school like mine, I shall endeavor to secure the adoption of Harkness's Grammar in place of our present text-book as soon as possible."

From Mr. L. R. WILLISTON, Principal Ladies' Seminary, Cambridge, Mass.

"I think this work a decided advance upon the Grammar now in use."

From Mr. D. B. HAGER, Princ. Eliot High School, Jamaica Plain, Mass. "This is, in my opinion, by far the best Latin Grammar ever published. It is admirably adapted to the use of learners, being remarkably concise, clear, comprehensive, and philosophical. It will henceforth be used as a text-book in this school."

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