Army and Society in Ptolemaic Egypt
Cambridge University Press, 10 apr 2014
This is the only substantial and up-to-date reference work on the Ptolemaic army. Employing Greek and Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, and building on approaches developed in state-formation theory, it offers a coherent account of how the changing structures of the army in Egypt after Alexander's conquest led to the development of an ethnically more integrated society. A new tripartite division of Ptolemaic history challenges the idea of gradual decline, and emphasizes the reshaping of military structures that took place between c.220 and c.160 BC in response to changes in the nature of warfare, mobilization and demobilization, and financial constraints. An investigation of the socio-economic role played by soldiers permits a reassessment of the cleruchic system and shows how soldiers' associations generated interethnic group solidarity. By integrating Egyptian evidence, Christelle Fischer-Bovet also demonstrates that the connection between the army and local temples offered new ways for Greeks and Egyptians to interact.
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structure and role of the army 45
Gunther Holbl 129
settlement at Vitsa Ioanninon fourth century BC inv no 6419
soldiers and officers 197
the army and egyptian temples 301
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Akoris Alexandria Amasis Anagnostou-Canas 1989 Antiochus Aperghis arouras Arsinoite artabas attested Bagnall Battle of Raphia Bingen Carian cavalry cavalrymen ch¯ora Chapter Clarysse and Thompson Cleopatra III cleruchic land cleruchic system Coele-Syria commander Crawford Dack decree Demotic Diodorus Dionysios documents dynastic Edfu Egypt Egyptian Egyptian soldiers elite ethnic designations evidence Fayyum Fischer-Bovet fleet Fourth Syrian War garrisons Greco-Egyptian Greek Greek mercenaries groups gymnasium Hauben Hellenistic Heracleopolite Herodotus hipparchies hippeis II/VIII infantry inscription katoikoi hippeis Kerkeosiris king kl¯eroi Launey Lesquier Macedonian machimoi Memphis military misthophoroi nome officers ofthe Oxyrhynchite P.Tebt papyri Pathyris percent period Pers¯es Persian phalanx phalanx formation plots Polybius Pr´eaux probably professional soldiers Psamtek Ptolemaic army Ptolemaic Egypt Ptolemy II Raphia revolt role Roman royal second century BC Sekunda Seleucid settlers socio-economic stathmoi status strat¯egos suggests Syrian t¯es epigon¯es temple Text Thebaid third century BC troops Uebel V´eısse Vandorpe Winnicki