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CONTENTS to Vol. VIII.
III. Cleopatra caufes her young brother to be put to death,
and reigns alone. The death of Julius Cæfar having made
bim with her to Alexandria. Antony goes to Rome, where he Spouses Ottavia, He abandons himself again to Cleopatra, and after some expeditions returns to Alexandria, which he enters in triumph. He there celebrates the coronation of Cleopatra and her children, Open rupture between Cafar and Antony. The latter repudiates Etavia. The two fleets put to sea. Cleopatra determines to follow Antony, Battle of Allium. Cleopatra flies, and draws Antony'after her, Casar's victory is compleat. He advances some time after against Alexandria, which makes no long resistance. Tragical death of Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt is reduced into a province of the Roman empire
145 Conclufion of the Antient History
. 170 Chronological Table
THIS twenty-first book contains the conclufion of the history
of Syracuse. It may be divided into three parts. The first includes the long reign of Hiero II. The second, the fhort reign of his grandion Hieronymus, the troubles of Syracuse consequential of it, and the fiege and taking of that city by Marcellus. The third is an exact abridgment of the history of Syracuse, with some reflections upon the government and characier of the Syracusans, and upon Archimedes.
ARTICLE I. SECT. I. HIERO the Second chofen captain-general by the Syra
cufans, and soon after appointed king. He makes an alliance
with the Romans in the beginning of the first Punick war. pa) IERO II. was descended from the family of Gem
lon, who had formerly reigned in Syracuse. As
his mother was of slavilh extraction, his father Hieroclės, according to the barbarous custom of those times, caused him to be exposed soon after his birth ; believing that the infant dishonoured the nobility of his race. If Justin's fabulous account may be believed, the bees nourished him several days with their honey. The oracle declaring that fo fingular an event was a certain presage of his future greatnefs, Hierocles caused him to be brought back to his house, and took all poffible care of his education.
The child improved as much from the pains taken to form him, as could be expected. He diftinguished himself early from all those of his years, by his address in military exercises, and his courage in battle. He acquired the citeem of Pyrrhus, and received several rewards from his own hands. He was VOL. VIII.
of re) A, M. 3700. Ant. J. C, 304. Julin, lo xxiii. c. 4.