OECD Territorial Reviews OECD Territorial Reviews: Helsinki, Finland 2003
OECD Publishing, 23 mag 2003 - 238 pagine
The Greater Helsinki Region emerged from the 1990s as an internationally competitive economy. This review examines the factors contributing to this success and the new development challenges it has created. One critical policy question is the Finnish dependence on the telecom/mobile industry. The current strategic positioning of the Finnish ICT cluster builds on a high-return/high-risk scenario. Long-term regional competitiveness requires a more focused strategy of diversification, i.e. developing ICT activities beyond the current cluster scope. Social inclusion is another crucial issue. Persistent unemployment among the less educated population and growing income disparities are calling for the restructuring of past policies. The Greater Helsinki Region needs to find ways to promote new opportunities of social cohesion. Rapid population growth has resulted from greater economic competitiveness requiring renewed commitment to managed growth and compact development. All of these challenges create needs for greater metropolitan co-ordination that are examined in turn.
The Territorial Review of Helsinki is integrated into a wider programme of national reviews and thematic regional reviews undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee. The overall aim of the thematic regional review series is to provide practical policy advice to governments focusing on three themes: multi-level governance, sustainable development at local and regional levels and regional networks for competitiveness.