Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics
This book confirms Alexis de Tocqueville's idea, dating back a century and a half, that American democracy is rooted in civil society. Citizens' involvement in family, school, work, voluntary associations, and religion has a significant impact on their participation as voters, campaigners, donors, community activists, and protesters. The authors focus on the central issues of involvement: how people come to be active and the issues they raise when they do. They find fascinating differences along cultural lines, among African-Americans, Latinos, and Anglo-Whites, as well as between the religiously observant and the secular. They observe family activism moving from generation to generation, and they look into the special role of issues that elicit involvement, including abortion rights and social welfare. This far-reaching analysis, based on an original survey of 15,000 individuals, including 2,500 long personal interviews, shows that some individuals have a greater voice in politics than others, and that this inequality results not just from varying inclinations toward activity, but also from unequal access to vital resources such as education. Citizens' voices are especially unequal when participation depends on contributions of money rather than contributions of time. This deeply researched study brilliantly illuminates the many facets of civic consciousness and action and confirms their quintessential role in American democracy.
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The World of Participation
How Much? About What?
A Report from Activists
Recruiting Political Activists
Participation and Representation
Who Participates? Economic Circumstances and Needs
and Religious Contributions on Television
Resources Engagement and Political Activity
Institutions and Recruitment
Participation and the Politics of Issue Engagement
Participation Representation and Democracy
Voice and Equality in Democratic
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2SLS abortion activists affiliation African-Americans American politics analysis Anglo-Whites Appendix asked average basic human needs Black campaign Catholic Chapter church attendance citizens civic skills Civic Voluntarism Model coefficients concerns conservative consider contacting contrast democracy democratic dependent variable discussion educational attainment effect equation exposure to political family income Figure gender groups high school Hispanics impact involvement issue engagements job level Latinos less means-tested benefits measures Non-Political Organization organizational overall activity Overall Participation parents participatory distortion participatory factors participatory process particular percent political activity political acts political contributions political engagement political interest political participation politically relevant characteristics population Predicting pro-choice pro-life protest public officials race or ethnicity rational actor theory recruitment relative standard deviation religious institutions reported representation respondent's respondents Robert Huckfeldt role Rosenstone sample scale school prayer Sidney Verba Significant at 01 social socioeconomic Table tion Total Distortion variables voluntary associations voting women
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