Formal Approaches in Categorization

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Emmanuel M. Pothos, Andy J. Wills
Cambridge University Press, 27 gen 2011
The process of constructing concepts underpins our capacity to encode information in an efficient and competent manner and also, ultimately, our ability to think in terms of abstract ideas such as justice, love and happiness. But what are the mechanisms which correspond to psychological categorization processes? This book unites many prominent approaches in modelling categorization. Each chapter focuses on a particular formal approach to categorization, presented by the proponent(s) or advocate(s) of that approach, and the authors consider the relation of this approach to other models and the ultimate objectives in their research programmes. The volume evaluates progress that has been made in the field and where it goes from here. This is an essential companion to any scientist interested in the formal description of categorization and, more generally, in formal approaches to cognition. It will be the definitive guide to formal approaches in categorization research for years to come.
 

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Sommario

1 Introduction
1
2 The generalized context model
18
3 Prototype models of categorization
40
4 COVIS
65
5 Semantics without categorization
88
6 Models of attentional learning
120
7 An elemental model of associative learning and memory
153
8 Nonparametric Bayesian models of categorization
173
10 Adaptive clustering models of categorization
220
11 cobweb models of categorization and probabilistic concept formation
253
12 The knowledge and resonance KRES model of category learning
274
13 The contribution and drawbacks of models to the study of concepts
299
14 Formal models of categorization insights from cognitive neuroscience
313
15 Comments on models and categorization theories the razors edge
325
Index
332
Copyright

9 The simplicity model of unsupervised categorization
199

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Informazioni sull'autore (2011)

Emmanuel M. Pothos is a Reader in the Department of Psychology at Swansea University.

Andy J. Wills is an Associate Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Exeter.

Informazioni bibliografiche