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expers belli, Aug. 8.1 ; lenocinii neglegens, Aug. 79. 1 ; Vini parcissimum, Jul. 53 ; patientem sessoris, Jul. 61 ; rerum potens, Jul. 72; tenaciores eorum (sc. armorum), Jul. 67. 2.

b. The genitive of quality is sometimes attached directly to a proper noun without a common noun in apposition :

L. Cassium partis adversae, Jul. 63.

It is even found without any noun expressed :

medios et neutrius partis, Jul. 75. 1.

Many odd genitives of quality occur :

loca . . . iuris ambigui, Aug. 32. 2 ; Cibi ... minimi erat atque vulgaris fere, Aug. 76. 1 ; laetum maturique et prosperi reditus, Aug. 92.1; maiores annorum quinque et triginta, Aug. 38. 3,

where by a Greek construction the genitive may be used for the ablative of comparison.

C. The genitive is attached directly to proper names without the intervention of words of relationship:

Postumiam (sc. uxorem) Servi Sulpici, Jul. 50. 1.

d. The objective genitive is freely used, often for the sake of brevity:

non sine rumore prostratae regi pudicitiae, Jul. 2 ; in egressu navis, Jul. 59; in petitione consulatus, Jul. 73; facultate L. Antoni ducis praebita, Aug. 15.

e. Suetonius is particularly fond of the partitive genitive, notably after neuter adjectives and pronouns :

tantum , hominum, Jul. 39. 4; Quidquid . militum, Aug. 49.2 ; quicquam rei seriae, Aug. 92. 2 ; per secreta Thraciae, Aug. 94. 5.

After an adverb:
potentiae gloriaeque abunde, Jul. 86. 2 (quotation).

f. The appositional or epexegetical genitive is not unmarum pignera, Aug. 21. 2 ; commoda emeritorum praemiorum, Aug. 24. 2; Domini appellationem, Aug. 53.1 ; arborem palmae, Aug. 94. 11; Caesaris nomine, Aug. 97.2 ; pomorum et obsoniorum rerumque . missilia, Aug. 98. 3.

common:

g. The dative of purpose is, apparently, infrequent except in the gerundive construction, which is commonly used :

fraudi cuiquam fuit, Aug. 54 ; contemptui habuit, Aug. 93 ; iure dicundo, Jul. 7.1 ; epistulis libellisque legendis . . . vacaret, Aug. 45. 1.

h. The dative of the agent, so-called, is used for the ablative of the agent:

Campum Stellatem maioribus consecratum, Jul. 20.3 ; ara Octavio consecrata, Aug. 1.

i. The dative is used with similis, even of persons, where the genitive is preferred in classical prose:

commotoque similis, Aug. 51. 2.

3. The use of the dative with compound verbs is greatly extended :

monti accubans, Jul. 44.1 ; adhibuit cenae, Jul. 73; tumulo . . ascripserant, Aug. 12; Caesari inesse, Jul. 1. 3; insultaturum omnium capitibus, Jul. 22. 2; invecta urbi . gaza, Aug. 41. 1.

k. The dative is often used after verbs of separation and is not limited, as in earlier writers, to persons :

coronae fasciam detrahi, Jul. 79. 1 ; Antonium .... simulacro . abreptum, Aug. 17.5 ; extorquere possessoribus proximas domos, Aug. 56.2 ; eripere legibus reum, Aug. 56. 3.

1. The accusative of the inner object is occasionally found with intransitive verbs :

Pyrricham saltaverunt, Jul. 39.1 ; ludit assidue aleam, Aug. 70. 2 (quotation).

m. The accusative is often used as the direct object of certain verbs, by a transfer of meaning or a bold construction :

..eva

filio tantum quod pueritiam egresso, Aug. 63. 1; insidias . serat, Jul. 74.1 ; barbam invaserit, Jul. 71.

n. The accusative with pertaesus is quoted only for Suetonius:

morum perversi

pertaesus ignaviam suam, Jul. 7.1 ; pertaesus . . tatem, Aug. 62. 2 (quotation).

0. The accusative sometimes follows fungi, instead of the ablative:

munera fungerentur, Aug. 35. 3 ; quaesturam functi, Aug. 36 ; qui suam vicem . . . fungerentur, Aug. 45. 1.

p. The Greek accusative and the adverbial accusative both

occur:

dextrum genu lapide ictus . . et crus et utrumque. brachium consauciatus, Aug. 20; alia id genus, Aug. 75.

9. Like other writers of the Silver Age, Suetonius constantly uses the ablative instead of the accusative to express duration of time:

longo tempore, Jul. 85 ; hieme tota, Aug. 16.1; paucissimis horis, Aug. 26. 3.

r. The local ablative is freely used without a preposition :

eo capite (sc. legis), Jul. 28. 3; modicis aedibus, Jul. 46 ; numero futuros, Jul. 75. 1 ; regione Thurina, Aug. 7. 1; Autographa quadam epistula, Aug. 71. 2.

s. The modal ablative is used extensively :

specie officii, Jul. 82. 1 ; partim ductu partim auspiciis, Aug. 21.1; vel serio vel ioco, Aug. 53. 1 ; sponte atque consensu, Aug. 57. 1.

t. The causal ablative is very often used even where a verb of emotion is to be supplied :

spe novae dissensionis (sc. adductus, or the like), Jul. 3 ; potentiae cupiditate, Jul. 50. 1; taedio diuturnaê valitudinis, Aug. 28. 1.

U. Suetonius apparently regards as elegant the omission of the preposition with the ablative after verbs :

potestate abiret, Jul. 20.1; occasione ... abstinuit, Jul. 24. 3 ; genero cederet, Aug. 63. 1 ; decessisset via, Jul. 31. 2 ; egredi tabernaculo, Aug. 91. 1 ; petitione honorum ... submovebat, Jul. 28. 3.

v. The ablative absolute is found even where the words in the ablative refer to a word in a different construction in the same sentence:

amisit ambos, Gaio in Lycia, Lucio Massiliae defunctis,

C. et L. Aug. 65. 1.

§ 5. PREPOSITIONS

a. A, Ab:

(1) Equivalent to post :

A cena, Aug. 78.1; especially with statim : ab itinere statim, Jul. 60 ; and following an adjective : vixdum firmus a gravi valitudine, Aug. 8. 1.

(2) With names of towns and islands, particularly where motion from one place to another is expressed :

ab Rhodo . . . transiit in Asiam, Jul. 4. 2; a Nola Bovillas usque deportarunt, Aug. 100. 2.

(3) Equivalent to a parte : Militem neque a moribus neque a fortuna probabat, Jul. 65; Balbus

a matre Magnum Pompeium . . . contingebat, Aug. 4. 1. (4) Equivalent to de:

perpauca a se verba addidit, Jul. 84. 2 ; singula milia nummum a se dividebat, Aug. 40. 2; where a se = de suo.

(5) To indicate the duty or office:

Philemonem a manu servum, Jul. 74. 1; without the common noun: Thallo a manu, Aug. 67.2.

(6) In other phrases : non ab re fuerit, Aug. 94. 1.

b. Ad:
(1) Of proximity, but to denote the function :
ad cyathum . Nicomedi stetisse, Jul. 49. 2.

(2) Equivalent to apud : *navali ad' Massiliam proelio, Jul. 68. 4.

(3) To designate houses by insignia: ad Capita Bubula, Aug. 5.

(4) To denote the occasion or circumstance:

ad occasionem aurae, Aug. 97. 3 ; ad subita, Aug. 84. 1; ad Kalendas Graecas, Aug. 87.1; ad lumina, Jul. 37. 2.

(5) Equivalent to secundum :

ad arbitrium, Jul. 20. 2; ad libidinem, Jul. 76. 1; Ad hunc modum, Aug. 46.

(6) In the expression of purpose or design :

ad opprobrium vitae, Jul. 59; ad subsidia rei publicae, Jul. 20. 3; ad donum (= doni causâ), Jul. 84. 3 ; ad praetextum, Aug. 12.

(7) Equivalent to usque ad :
ad certum tempus, Aug. 41.1 ; ad multam noctem, Aug. 78. 1.

(8) In formulas:

ad animum ei responderat, Jul. 46 ; ad remum datis, Aug. 16. 1; ad verbum (= aŭtoleçel), Jul. 30. 4; ad summam, Aug. 71. 3.

c. Adversus: in the phrase: Adversus incendia, Aug. 30. 1.

d. Ante :

(1) Equivalent to prae:
ante alias, Jul. 50. 2 ; where the phrase = prae aliis, in primis.

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