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the Pagans gave to their idols. So the ferving them lies in these things, fetting them up on high, carrying them in proceffions, erecting temples, chapels, altars to them, making vows to them, praying to them, offering incenfe to them, and dedicating days to them. All which the Papifts do to their idols.

The Papifts will tell you, they do not worship them abfolutely, but relatively, not ultimately, but mediately, whereby they beguile unftable fouls. But the

command ftrikes through all these fig-leaf covers, and fays, Abfolutely we must not worship them, nor give them the loweft degree of worship, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, &c.-thou shalt not bow unto them, nor ferve them.

But we have not yet the full meaning of the negative part of this command. Does it only forbid the making and worshipping of images? No. Remember the rule, That where one fort of fin is expreffed in a command, all others of that kind are included. When in the feventh command adultery is forbidden, all manner of uncleanness is forbidden, though one of the groffeft fort only is named. So here, when the corrupting of the worship of God by images is forbidden, all other corruptions whatfoever of God's worship are included.

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The matter of this command is the worship of God and his ordinances; and it fays to every man, Thou fhalt not make any thing whereby thou wilt worship God. And as the feventh command meets him that defiles his neighbour's wife, faying, Thou shalt not commit adultery; fo this meets the church of Rome; and fays, Thou shalt not make any graven image, &c. But as the feventh fays alfo to the fornicator, Thou shalt not commit uncleannefs; fo this fays alo to the church of England, Thou shalt not make croffing in baptifm, kneeling, bowing to the altar, feftivai days, c. And to every fort of people, and to every particular perfon it fiys, Thon fhalt not meddle to make any VOL. II. 3 Q

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thing of divine worship and ordinances out of thy own head.

All holy ordinances and parts of worship God has reserved to himself, the making of them for us, faying with respect to thefe, Thou shalt not make them to thyfelf. Men are faid in scripture to make a thing to themfelves, when they make it out of their own head, with out the word of God for it. But when they make any thing according to God's word,, God is faid to do it, Matth. xix. 6. If there be not then a divine law for what is brought into the worship and ordinances of God, it is an idol of mens making, a device of their own. And fo Popery, Prelacy, ceremonies, and whatsoever is without the word brought in in God's matters, is overturned at once by this word, Thou shalt not make, be thou Pope, King, parlia ment, minister, private perfon, fynod or councils So ye fee it is not only the making of images, but the worshipping and ferving them that is forbidden, bas

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Next, by the fame rule, whereas this command forbids not only the making of images, but bowing to them and ferving them, though they be made by others, that is not all that is included in that, Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor ferve them. But the meaning of it further is, Whatever any make withbout the word, in the matter of God's worship and ordinances, thou fhalt not comply with it, approve of lit, or use it. So that to thee they must be as if they Jwere not made at all, make them who will, under whatever pretence, whether of decency or frictness, bfeeing God has not made them. To the law and to the teftimony, be of what party they will, if they fpeak not according to this word, fear them not to comply with them in what they advance in God's maiters, that is not according thereto. So much for the negative part of this command. es algaq zul The politive part of it is implied, according to the ruley That every negative implies an affirmative part. It conffts in thefe two things.. New 15

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1. Thou shalt worship the Lord, and him fhalt thou ferve, worship him with external worship. This is implied in that, Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them nor Serve them. This fays, But thou shalt bow down to me and ferve me. Even as due benevolence betwixt married perfons is implied in that, Thou shalt not commit adultery. Internal worship is the worship required in the firft, external in the fecond command. There is a generation that do not worship images, but they lie fair for it, if it were once come in fashion; it is thofe that do not worship God, they do not bow down to him, not serve him. They fay, God looks to the heart, and they hope and truft in him, and give their hearts to him, though they do not go about the outward worship as fome others do, but their hearts are as true with God as theirs for all that. Thefe, I fay, lie fair for worshipping images; for if the devil were come, their houfe is empty, fwept, and garnished. They may worship idols, for they do not worship God in fecret or in their families. If the book-prayers of England, and the idolatroys prayers of Rome were come to their hand, there is no other worship to be put out for them, for they have no other, web wod

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What they talk of their hearts towards God, therein they join with the Papils, who put the fecond command out of the number of the ten. For the worship of God which they flight on that pretence, is the very worship required in this command. Now let stry whether ye that will hold with the worship of other heart, or this command that requires outward bodily worship too, has most reason on your side.{}

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ft,is not God the God of the whole man, the body as well as the foul? Chrift has redeemed the body as well as the foul the Spirit, dwells in the bodies of his people as well as their fouis. The whole, man, foul and body, is taken into the covenant. The body fhall be glorified in heaven as well as the foul, or burn in hell as well as the foul. Is it not highly rea,

fonable then, that we worship God with outward bo dily worship as well as with the inward worship of the heart? soup Jadi o

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2dly, God will not only be worshipped by us, but glorified before men, Matth. xvi. 24. But our inward worship cannot do that, for that is what none can know but God and our own fouls. Therefore out. ward worship is neceffary. If men will be accounted God's fervants, why will they not take on his badge?

3dly, Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth fpeaketh in other cafes, and why not in this? The apottle fays grace in the heart appears by the mouth to the honour of God, Rom. x. 10. And though outward worship may be performed where there is Ind inward in the heart, yet if the heart be a temple to God, the fmoke will rife up from the altar, and appear without in outward worship.

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Lastly, Outward worship is not only a fign of the inward, but it is a help and furtherance to it. Brayer is a bleffed mean to increase our love to God, forrów for fin, faith, hope, and other parts of heart-worfhip. So the partaking of the facrament of the Lord's fup. per, another part of external worship, in the profane neglect of which many live, is not only a mean áp pointed, whereby we publicly profefs ourselves engaged to the Lord, but is the mean to ftrengthen faith, and confirm our union and comunion with himig

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2. Thou fhalt fall in with and ufe the external wor fhip and ordinances which God has appointed. This is implied in that, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, c. They are made already, God has made them, and ye muft ufe thoses that God has made, that worship and those ordinances. And thus by this command we are bound to all the parts of God's worship, and to all his ordinances appointed in his word. If we balk any of them, it is at our peril. It is not enough to leave idolatrous or fuperftitious worship and ordinances, but we must in

quire what are the Lord's ftatutes, that we may do them.

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I come now to that question, "What is required Sun, the fecond commandment? The. fecond commandment requireth the receiving, obferving, and "keeping pure and entire all fuch religious worship $5 and ordinances as God hath apointed in his ❝ word."

In handling this point, I fhall fhew,

What is that religious worship and thofe ordinances which God hath appointed in his word. II. What is our duty with reference to thofe ordi

nances,

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I. I fhall fhew what is that religious worship and thofe ordinances which God hath appointed in his word. That God has appointed, that religious worfhip and thofe ordinances whereby we are outwardly to glorify him, is evident from this, that God will be fo honoured by us, yet has forbidden us to make Take any thing that way, confequently they are made by himfelf in his word, Thele ordinances appointed in the din, wordtare, LastPrayer, whereby we tender to him the homage due from a creature to his Creator, acknowledging LOUD dependence on him as the Author of all good. The parts of it are petition, confeflion, and thankf giving. And that public in the aflemblies, Ads ii. 14. Private in leffer focieties, particularly in famiilies, Jerax. ult. and fecret, every one by himself, Matthuvi. 6. none of them to justle out another. In thefe we are tied to no form.

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12.1 Praifes, in linging pfalmis, whereby we give him the praise due to him, And this is appointed both publicly, Pal, dxlix, 1. and privately, Jam. v. 13bn This is to be done in all fimplicity becoming the gofpel, finging them with grace in the heart, Col. iii. 16, hat playing them on oufical inftruments, of which there is not one word in the New Teilament, h

Reading of God's word, and hearing it read,

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