The Beginnings of Texas, 1684-1718, Edició 6

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University of Texas, 1907 - 94 pàgines
 

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Pàgina 2 - The benefits of education and of useful knowledge, generally diffused through a community, are essential to the preservation of a free government. Sam Houston Cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy. ... It is the only dictator that freemen acknowledge and the only security that freemen desire.
Pàgina 18 - ... torn and scattered, but bearing still the evidences of costly bindings; and broken cutlasses, and the stocks of many arquebuses with locks and barrels gone. On the prairie near by lay three dead bodies, one of which, from the fragment of a dress that still clung to it, appeared to be that of a woman.' The village consisted of five or six small houses of palisades, plastered over with mud, and covered with the skins of buffaloes; a larger house where apparently animals were kept; and a wooden...
Pàgina 41 - Coahuila with provisions and other necessaries for the missions; but his arrival had not the effect of encouraging the missionaries to persevere; on the contrary, several of them took advantage of the opportunity to return to Mexico. Massanet sent letters to the viceroy describing the condition of the missions, and setting forth their urgent needs. Three things are necessary, he urges, to secure the fruit of the missions: there must be a sufficient number of soldiers to command the respect of the...
Pàgina 40 - Terán's company. A small guard was left to protect the friars, but it was altogether inadequate; and what little assistance the few soldiers might have rendered in preserving the missions from injury was precluded by their lack of discipline and self-restraint. So great, Indeed, were the difficulties and discouragements that six of the friars who had come out with Terán's expedition refused to remain, and others, it seems, remained unwillingly.
Pàgina 43 - ... in the dates of the official documents relating to Texas is significant, as showing how little during that time (1693-1714) these northern lands were in the thoughts and plans of the governors of Mexico. The fear of a French intrusion into Spanish territory, which in the years 1689, 1690, and 1691 had been strong enough to induce the viceroy to send a company of priests and soldiers exploring far into the interior of Texas, grew less and less as the years passed, and no further attempt was made...
Pàgina 13 - It would be inconsistent with the purpose and limitations of this paper to give more than the briefest outline of the voyage and subsequent adventures of La Salle. Having received his commission he went to work to enlist his company and equip the expedition. For the transportation of his people to the new world he secured four vessels — the Joli, a ship of the royal navy of thirty-six guns; a storeship called the Aimable; the Belle, a frigate; and a ketch, the St. Francis. On the 24th of July,...
Pàgina 39 - Indians, the adverse influence of their medicine men, the evil conduct of the soldiers who had been left to guard the missions, the difficult task of learning the many languages or dialects, rendered it impossible to accomplish much good. He wisely suggests that thereafter a strong garrison should be placed with each mission ; that the soldiers who form these garrisons be married men; and that they bring with them their families, and thus constitute villages around the missions. He insists that in...
Pàgina 69 - Bay; and in order that they might better control the Indians and repel the advance of the French, the garrisons of the several missions were increased to an effective force. This time there was to be no retreat.
Pàgina 13 - ... called Bay St. Louis ; the loss by criminal carelessness of the storeship Aimable with the provisions, arms, and supplies that were on her; the departure of Beaujeu with those of the expedition who had become discouraged or dissatisfied; the settlement of the colony a few miles inland on the...
Pàgina 42 - Montaiia, and Texas was left for twenty years to the undisturbed possession of the Indian tribes, to wait until another and more serious menace to their authority in the lands east of the Rio Grande should stimulate the rulers of New Spain to a saner and more determined effort to make good their title to that vast region by the fact of actual occupation. The question may well be raised here, by way of conclusion, whether these several unsuccessful efforts to establish missions among the Tejas and...

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