Open Air Grape Culture: A Practical Treatise on the Garden and Vineyard Culture of the Vine, and the Manufacture of Domestic Wine

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C. M. Saxton, 1862 - 375 pagine
 

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Pagina 195 - One was first placed above the bud inserted; and upon the transverse section through the bark : the other, which had no further office than that of securing the bud, was applied in the usual way.
Pagina 136 - Every bunch of grapes commences its formation as a tendril, and it is always within the power of every cultivator to occasion it to remain a tendril. The blossoms are all additions, the formation of which is always dependent upon other agents : and if any considerable part of the leaves be taken off the branch prematurely, or if the vine be not subjected to the influence of the requisite degree of heat and light, the tendrils will permanently retain their primary form and office; and it is very frequently...
Pagina 162 - ... 1 oz., being little more than one-third of the other. The fruit on the blackened part of the wall was also much finer, the bunches were larger, and ripened better than on the other half; the wood of the vine was likewise stronger, and more covered...
Pagina 111 - ... with watery matter, but the latter will collect in the interior until it forces its way through the bark, and runs down in putrid streams, as happens to the Mulberry-tree when it is incessantly stripped for silk-worms, and as occurs to trees whose leaves are continually destroyed by a noxious atmosphere. Strip the ripening Grapes of their green garments, and no colour or sweetness will be collected in their berries.
Pagina 195 - July : when these had afforded shoots about four inches long, the remaining ligature was taken off to permit the excess of sap to pass on ; and the young shoots were nailed to the wall. Being there properly exposed to light, their wood ripened well, and afforded blossoms in the succeeding spring.
Pagina 284 - As fast as the wine ran from the press into a large receiver, it was put into the hogsheads, and closely bunged up. In a few hours, one could hear the fermentation begin ; which would soon burst the casks, if not guarded against by hooping them strongly with iron, and securing them in strong wooden frames, and the heads with wedges. In the height of the fermentation, I have frequently seen the wine oozing through the pores of the staves. " These hogsheads were left, all the depth of winter, in the...
Pagina xv - ... Treatise on. Society for Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. London, 1830. McCulloch, Remarks on the Art of Making Wine. London, 1817. Mclntosh, Charles, Book of the Garden. 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1855. McMahon, Bernard, American Gardener's Calendar. Philadelphia, 1859. the same, Philadelphia, 1806, McMullen, Thomas, Hand-book of Wines. New York, 1853, Meteorological Observations made in the State of New York from 1826 to 1850. Albany, 1855. Meteorological Register, State of New York. Miller, Philip,...
Pagina 49 - ... each part of a plant, to resist extremes of temperature is in the inverse ratio of the quantity of water they contain. 2. The power of plants to resist extremes of temperature is directly in proportion to the viscidity of their fluids. 3. The power of plants to resist cold is in the inverse ratio of the rapidity with which their fluids circulate. 4. The liability to freeze, of the fluids contained in plants, is greater in proportion to the size of the cells.
Pagina 114 - ... there is of the former, the less will be the weight of the latter. But if the shoot is stopped after having formed two leaves, all that quantity of food which would have been consumed in the production of other leaves is applied to the increase of size in the grapes, and the two leaves that are left ; while on the other hand, the general crop of leaves on the vine will be amply sufficient to prepare those secretions which are to give flavor, color and sweetness to the grapes. This will, perhaps,...
Pagina 219 - In order to understand this part of tho question, it must be borne in mind— 1, that liquid manure is an agent ready for immediate use, its main value depending upon that quality; 2, that its effect is to produce exuberant growth ; and 3, that it will continue to do so as long as the temperature and light required for its action are sufficient. These three propositions, rightly understood, point to the true principles of applying it; and, if they are kept in view, no mistakes can well be made.

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