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TO TENE. To beat: his father tuned him delightfully: per-
haps from fetching a tune out of the peison beaten, or
from a comparison with the disagreeable sounds of instru-
ments when tuning.

To TUP. To have carnal knowledge of a woman.
TUP. A ram: figuratively, a cuckold.

TUP RUNNING. A rural sport practised at wakes and fairs
in Derbyshire; a ram, whose tail is well soaped and
greased, is turned out to the multitude; any one that can
take him by the tail, and hold him fast, is to have him for
his own.

T-D. There were four t-ds for dinner: stir t-d, hold t-d, tread t-d, and mus-t-d: to wit, a hog's face, feet and chitterlings, with mustard. He will never sh-e a seaman's t-d; i. e. he will never make a good seaman. TURF. On the turf; persons who keep running horses, or attend and bet at horse-races, are said to be on the turf. TURK. A cruel, hard-hearted man. Turkish treatment; barbarous usage. Turkish shore; Lambeth, Southwark, and Rotherhithe side of the Thames.


TURNCOAT. One who has changed his party from interested motives.

TURNED UP. Acquitted; discharged.

TURNIP-PATED. White or fair-haired.

TURNPIKE MAN. A parson; because the clergy collect their tolls at our entrance into and exit from the world. TUZZY-MUZZY. The monosyllable.

TWADDLE. Perplexity, confusion, or any thing else: a fashionable term that for a while succeeded that of bore. See BORE.

TWANGEY, OF STANGEY. A north country name for a taylor

TWEAGUE. In a great tweague : in a great passion. Twea-
guey; peevish, passionate..

To TWEAK. To pull to tweak any one's nose.
TWELVER. A shilling.


TWIDDLE POOP. An effeminate looking fellow.

IN TWIG. Handsome; stilish. The cove is togged in twig; the fellow is dressed in the fashion.

To TWIG. To observe. Twig the cull, he is peery; observe the fellow, he is watching us. Also to disengage, snapasunder, or break off. To twig the darbies; to knock off the irons.

Twiss. (Irish) A jordan, or pot de chambre. A Mr. Richard



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Twiss having in his "Travels" given a very unfavourable description of the Irish character, the inhabitants of Dublin, by way of revenge, thought proper to christen this utensil by his name-suffice it to say that the baptismal rites were not wanting at the ceremony. On a nephew of this gentleman the following epigram was made by a friend of ours:

Perish the country, yet my name
Shall ne'er in story be forgot,
But still the more increase in fame,
The more the country goes to pot.

TWIST. A mixture of half tea and half coffee; likewise brandy, beer, and eggs. A good twist; a good appetite. To twist it down apace; to eat heartily.

TWISTED. Executed, hanged.

To TwIT. To reproach a person, or remind him of favours. conferred.

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TWITTER. All in a twitter; in a fright. Twittering is also the note of some small birds, such as the robin, &c. TWITTOC. Two. Cant.

TWO HANDED PUT. The amorous congress.

Two THIEVES BEATING A ROGUE. A man beating his hands against his sides to warm himself in cold weather; called also beating the booby, and cuffing Jonas.

TWO TO ONE SHOP. A pawnbroker's: alluding to the three blue balls, the sign of that trade: or perhaps to its being two to one that the goods pledged are never redeemed.

TWO-HANDED. Great. A two-handed fellow or wenchr a great strapping man or woman.

TYE. A neckcloth.

TYBURN BLOSSOM. A young thief or pickpocket, who in time will ripen into fruit borne by the deadly never-green. TYBURN TIPPET. A halter; see Latimer's sermon before Edward VI. A. D. 1349.

TYBURN TOP, or FORETOP. A wig with the foretop combed over the eyes in a knowing style; such being much worn by the gentlemen pads, scamps, divers, and other knowing hands.

TYKE. A dog, also a clown; a Yorkshire tyke.


VAGARIES. Frolics, wild rambles.




boasts without reason, or, as the canters say, pisses more than he drinks.

VALENTINE. The first woman seen by a man, or man seen by a woman, on St. Valentine's day, the 14th of February, when it is said every bird chuses his mate for the ensuing year,

TO VAMP. To pawn any thing. I'll vamp it, and tip you the cole: I'll pawn it, and give you the money. Also to refit, new dress, or rub up old hats, shoes or other wearing apparel; likewise to put new feet to old boots. Applied more particularly to a quack bookseller.

VAMPER. Stockings.

VAN. Madam Van; see MADAM.

VAN-NECK. Miss or Mrs. Van-Neck; a woman with large breasts; a bushel bubby.

VARDY. To give one's vardy; i. e. verdict or opinion. VARLETS. Now rogues and rascals, formerly yeoman's ser


VARMENT. (Whip and Cambridge.) Natty, dashing. He is

quite varment, he is quite the go. He sports a varment hat, coat, &c.; he is dressed like a gentleman Jehu. VAULTING SCHOOL. A bawdy-house; also an academy where vaulting and other manly exercises are taught. VELVET. To tip the velvet; to put one's tongue into a woman's mouth. To be upon velvet; to have the best of a bet or match. To the little gentleman in velvet, i. e. the mole that threw up the hill that caused Crop (King William's horse) to stumble; a toast frequently drank by the tories and catholics in Ireland.

VENUS'S CURSE. The venereal disease.

VESSELS OF PAPER. Half a quarter of a sheet.

VICE ADMIRAL OF THE NARROW SEAS. A drunken man that pisses under the table into his companions' shoes. VICTUALLING OFFICE. The stomach.

VINCENT'S LAW. The art of cheating at cards, composed of the following associates: bankers, those who play booty; the gripe, he that betteth; and the person cheated, who is styled the vincent; the gains acquired, termage. VINEGAR. A name given to the person who with a whip in his hand, and a hat held before his eyes, keeps the ring clear, at boxing-matches and cudgel-playing; also, in cant terms, a cloak.

VIXEN. A termagant; also a she fox, who, when she has cubs, is remarkably fierce.

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To VOWEL. A gamester who does not immediately pay his losings, is said to vowel the winner, by repeating the vowels I. O. U. or perhaps from giving his note for the money according to the Irish form, where the acknowledgment of the debt is expressed by the letters I. O. U. which, the sum and name of the debtor being added, is deemed a sufficient security among gentlemen. UNCLE. Mine uncle's; a necessary house. He is gone to visit his uncle; saying of one who leaves his wife soon after marriage. It likewise means a pawnbroker's: goods pawned are frequently said to be at mine uncle's, or laid up in lavender.

UNDERSTRAPPER. An inferior in any office, or depart


UNDER DUBber. A turnkey.

UNFORTUNATE GENTLEMEN. The horse guards, who thus named themselves in Germany, where a general officer seeing them very awkward in bundling up their forage, asked what the devil they were; to which some of them answered, unfortunate gentlemen.

UNFORTUNATE WOMEN. Prostitutes: so termed by the
virtuous and compassionate of their own sex.
UNGRATEFUL MAN. A parson, who at least once a week
abuses his best benefactor, i. e. the devil.

UNICORN. A coach drawn by three horses.
UNLICKED CUB. A rude uncouth young fellow.

UNRIGGED. Undressed, or stripped. Unrig the drab; strip the wench.

UNTRUSS. To untruss a point; to let down one's breeches in order to ease one's self. Breeches were formerly tied with points, which till lately were distributed to the boys every Whit Monday by the churchwardens of most of the parishes in London, under the denomination of tags: these tags were worsteds of different colours twisted up to a size somewhat thicker than packthread, and tagged at both ends with tin. Laces were at the same given to the girls.

UNTWISTED. Undone, ruined, done up.

UP TO THEIR GOSSIP. To be a match for one who attempts to cheat or deceive; to be on a footing, or in the secret. I'll be up with him; I will repay him in kind.

UPHILLS. False dice that run high.

UPPER BENJAMIN. A great coat. Cant.

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UPPER STORY, Or GARRET. Figuratively used to signify the


head. His upper story or garrets are unfurnished; e. he is an empty or foolish fellow.

UPPING BLOCK. [Called in some counties a leaping stock, in others a jossing block.] Steps for mounting a horse. He sits like a toad on a jossing block; said of one who sits ungracefully on horseback.

UPPISH. Testy, apt to take offence. UPRIGHT. Go upright; a word used by shoemakers, taylors and their servants, when any money is given to make them drink, and signifies, Bring it all out in liquor, though the donor intended less, and expects change, or some of his money, to be returned. Three-penny upright. See THREEPENNY UPRIGHT.

UPRIGHT MAN. An upright man signifies the chief or principal of a crew. The vilest, stoutest rogue in the pack is generally chosen to this post, and has the sole right to the first night's lodging with the dells, who afterwards are used in common among the whole fraternity. He carries a short truncheon in his hand, which he calls his filchman, and has a larger share than ordinary in whatsoever is gotten in the society. He often travels in company with thirty or forty males and females, abram men, and others, over whom he presides arbitrarily. Sometimes the women and children who are unable to travel, or fatigued, are by turns carried in panniers by an ass or two, or by some poor jades procured for that purpose. UPSTARTS. Persons lately raised to honours and riches from mean stations.

URCHIN. A child, a little fellow; also a hedgehog.

Ireland so called from the

frequent rains in that island. USED UP. Killed: a military saying, originating from a message sent by the late General Guise, on the expedition at Carthagena, where he desired the commander in chief to order him some more grenadiers, for those he had were all used up.


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WABLER. Foot wabler; a contemptuous term for a foot soldier, frequently used by those of the cavalry. To WADDLE. To go like a duck. To waddle out of Change alley as a lame duck; a term for one who has not been able to pay his gaming debts, called his differences, on the Stock Exchange, and therefore absents himself from it.


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