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kets, which they threw into the eyes of any person they intended to rob; and running away, their accomplices pretending to assist and pity the half-blinded person) took that opportunity of plundering him.

ANABAPTIST. A pickpocket caught in the fact, and punished with the discipline of the pump or horse-pond.

ANCHOR. Bring your a-se to an anchor, i. e. sit down. To let go an michor to the windward of the law; to keep within thetter of he law. Sea wit.

A LERS. Pilferers, or petty thieves, who, with a stick ving a look at the end, steal goods out of shop-windows, grates, &c.; also those who draw in or entice unwary persons to prick at the belt, or such like devices. ANGLING FOR FARTHINGS. Begging out of a prison window with a cap, or box, let down at the end of a long string.

ANKLE. A girl who is got with child, is said to have sprained her ankle.


ANTHONY Or TANTONY PIG. The favourite or smallest pig. in the litter.-To follow like a tantony pig, i. e. St. Anthony's pig; to follow close at one's heels. St. Anthony the hermit was a swineherd, and is always represented with a swine's bell and a pig. Some derive this saying from a privilege enjoyed by the friars of certain convents in England and France (sons of St. Anthony), whose swine were permitted to feed in the streets. These swine would follow any one having greens or other provisions, till they obtained some of them; and it was in those days considered an act of charity and religion to feed them.

TO KNOCK ANTHONY. Said of an in-kneed person, or one whose knees knock together; to cuff Jonas. See JONAS. APE LEADER. An old maid; their punishment after death, for neglecting increase and multiply, will be, it is said, leading apes in hell,

APOSTLES. To manœuvre the apostles, i. e. rob Peter to pay Paul; that is, to borrow money of one man to pay another.

APOSTLES. (Cambridge.) Men who are plucked, refused their degree.

APOTHECARY. To talk like an apothecary; to use hard or gallipot words: from the assumed gravity and affectation of knowledge generally put on by the gentlemen of this profession, who are commonly as superficial in their learn-' ing as they are pedantic in their language. APOTHECARY'S BILL. A long bill.


APOTHECARY'S, or LAW LATIN. Barbarous Latin, vulgarly called Dog Latin, in Ireland Bog Latin.

APPLE CART. Down with his apple-cart; knock or throw him down.

APPLE DUMPLIN SHOP. A woman's bosom.

APPLE-PYE BED. A bed made apple-pye fashion, like what is called a turnover apple-pye, where the sheets are so doubled as to prevent any one from getting at his length between them: a common trick piayed by frolicsome country lasses on their sweethearts, male relations, or visitors.

APRIL FOOL. Any one imposed on, or sent on a bootless errand, on the first of April; which day it is the custom among the lower people, children, and servants, by dropping empty papers carefully doubled up, sending persons on absurd messages, and such like contrivances, to impose on every one they can, and then to salute them with the title of April Fool. This is also practised in Scotland under the title of Hunting the Gowke.

APRON STRING HOLD. An estate held by a man during his wife's life.

AQUA PUMPAGINIS. Pump water. Apothecaries Latin, ARBOR VITE. A man's penis.

ARCH DUKE. A comical or 'eccentric fellow.

ARCH ROGUE, DIMBER DAMBER UPRIGHT MAN. The chief of a gang of thieves or gypsies.

ARCH DELL, OF ARCH DOXY, signifies the same in rank among the female canters or gypsies.

ARD. Hot. Cant.

ARMOUR. In his armour, pot valiant: to fight in armour; to make use of Mrs. Philips's ware. See C--D--M.

ARK. A boat or wherry. Let us take an ark and winns, let us take a sculler. Cant.

ARK RUFFIANS. Rogues who, in conjunction with watermen, robbed, and sometimes murdered, on the water, by picking a quarrel with the passengers in a boat, boarding it, plundering, stripping,and throwing them overboard,&c. A species of badger. Cant.


An unmeaning expletive, frequently used by

the vulgar Irish.

ARS MUSICA. A bum fiddlle.

ARSE. To hang an arse; to hang back, to be afraid to advance. He would lend his a--e,and sh-te through his ribs, a saying of any one who lends his money inconsiderately He would lose his a--e if it was loose; said of a careless person. A-e about; turn round.

ARSY VARSEY. To fall arsy varsey, i. e. head over heels.



ARTHUR; KING ARTHUR. A game used at sea, when near the line, or in a hot latitude. It is performed thus: A man who is to represent king Arthur,ridiculously dressed, having a large wig made out of oakum, or some old swabs, is seated on the side, or over a large vessel of water. Every person in his turn is to be ceremoniously introduced to him, and to pour a bucket of water over him, crying, hail,king Arthur! if during this ceremony the person introduced laughs or smiles (to which his majesty endeavours to excite him, by all sorts of ridiculous gesticulations), he changes place with, and then becomes, king Arthur, till relieved by some brother tar, who has as little command over his muscles as himself.

ARTICLES. Breeches; coat, waistcoat, and articles. ARTICLE. A wench. A prime article. A handsome girl. She's a a prime article (Whip slang), she's a devilish good piece, a hell of a goer.

Ask, or Ax MY A--E. A common reply to any question; still deemed wit at sea, and formerly at court, under the denomination of selling bargains. See BARGAIN.

ASSIG. An assignation.


A forward

girl, ready to oblige every man that shall ask her. AUNT. Mine aunt; a bawd or procuress: a title of eminence for the senior dells, who serve for instructresses,midwives, &c. for the dells. Cant. See DELLS.

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AUTEM CACKLE TUB. A conventicle or meeting-house for dissenters. Cant.

AUTEM DIPPERS. Anabaptists. Cant.

AUTEM DIVERS. Pickpockets who practice in churches; also churchwardens and overseers of the poor. Cant. AUTEM GOGLERS. Pretended French prophets. Cant, AUTEM MORT. A married woman; also a female beggar with several children hired or borrowed to excite charity. Cant.

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AUTEM QUAVER TUB. A Quakers' meeting-house. Cant. AWAKE. Acquainted with, knowing the business. Stow the books, the culls are awake; hide the cards, the fellows know what we intended to do.

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BABES IN THE WOOD. Criminals in the stocks, or pillory BABBLE. Confused, unintelligible talk, such as was used at the building the tower of Babel.

BACK BITER. One who slanders another behind his back, i. e. in his absence. His bosom friends are become his back biters, said of a lousy man.

BACKED. Dead. He wishes to have the senior, or old square-toes, backed: he longs to have his father on six men's shoulders; that is, carrying to the grave.

BACK UP. His back is up, i. e. he is offended or angry; an expression or idea taken from a cat; that animal, when angry, always raising its back. An allusion also sometimes used to jeer a crooked man; as, So, Sir, I see somebody has offended you, for your back is up.

BACON. He has saved his bacon; he has escaped. He has a good voice to beg bacon; a saying in ridicule of a bad voice. BACON-FACED. Full-faced.

BACON FED. Fat, greasy.

A sodomite.

BACK DOOR (USHER, OF GENTLEMAN OF THE). The same. BAD BARGAIN. One of his majesty's bad bargains; a worthless soldier, a malingeror. See MALINGEROR. BADGE. A term used for one burned in the hand. He has got his badge, and piked; he was burned in the hand, and is at liberty. Cant.

BADGE-COVES. Parish Pensioners. Cant.

BADGERS. A crew of desperate villains who robbed near rivers, into which they threw the bodies of those they murdered. Cant.

BAG. He gave them the bag, i. e. left them.

BAG OF NAILS. He squints like a bag of nails; i. e. his eyes are directed as many ways as the points of a bag of nails. The old BAG OF NAILS at Pimlico; originally

the BACCHANALS. BAGGAGE. Heavy baggage; women and children. Also a familiar epithet for a woman; as, cunning baggage, wanton baggage, &c.

BAKERS DOZEN. Fourteen; that number of rolls being allowed to the purchasers of a dozen.


One whose knees knock together in walking, as if kneading dough.


Adulterated wine.

BALLOCKS. The testicles of a man or beast; also a vulgar

nick name for a parson. His brains are in his ballocks, a cant saying to designate a fool.

BALUM RANCUM. A hop or dance, where the women are all prostitutes. N. B. The company dance in their birthday suits.


BALSAM. Money.

BAM. A jocular imposition, the same as a humbug. See HUMBUG.

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TO BAM. To impose on any one by a falsity; also to jeer or make fun of any one.

TO BAMBOOZLE. To make a fool of any one, to humbug or impose on him.

BANAGHAN. He beats Banaghan; an Irish saying of one who tells wonderful stories. Perhaps Banaghan was a minstrel famous for dealing in the marvellous.

BANDBOX. Mine a-se on a bandbox; an answer to the offer of any thing inadequate to the purpose for which it is proffered, like offering a bandbox for a seat.

BANBURY STORY OF A COCK AND A BULL. A roundabout, nonsensical story.

BANDOG. A bailiff or his follower; also a very fierce. mastiff: likewise, a bandbox. Cant.


BANG UP. (Whip.) Quite the thing, hellish fine. Well done. Dashing. In a handsome stile. A bang up cove; a dashing fellow who spends his money freely. To bang up prime: to bring your horses up in a dashing or fine style: as the swell's rattler and prads are bang up prime; the gentleman sports an elegant carriage and fine horses.

To BANG. To beat.

BANGING. Great; a fine banging boy.

BANG STRAW. A nick name for a thresher, but applied to all the servants of a farmer.

BANKRUPT CART. A one-horse chaise, said to be so called by a Lord Chief Justice, from their being so frequently used on Sunday jaunts by extravagant shopkeepers and tradesmen.

BANKS'S HORSE. A horse famous for playing tricks, the property of one Banks. It is mentioned in Sir Walter Raleigh's Hist. of the World, p. 178; also by Sir Kenelm Digby and Ben Jonson.

BANTLING. A young child.

BANYAN DAY, A sea term for those days on which no meat is allowed to the sailors: the term is borrowed from the Banyans in the East Indies, a cast that eat nothing that had life. BAPTIZED, OR CHRISTENED. Rum, brandy, or any other spirits, that have been lowered with water.

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BARBER'S CHAIR. She is as common as a barber's chair, in which a whole parish sit to be trimmed; said of a prostitute.

BarBER'S SIGN. A standing pole and two wash balls.


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