Ptolemy I: King and Pharaoh of Egypt

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Oxford University Press, 3 ott 2016 - 352 pagine
When Rome defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra and annexed Egypt, the rule of the longest-lived of the Hellenistic dynasties and one of the most illustrious in Egyptian history came to an end. For nearly three hundred years, the Macedonian dynasty known as the Ptolemaic had controlled Egypt and its mixed population of Egyptians, Greeks, Macedonians, and Jews. The founder of this dynasty, Ptolemy I (367-283/2 BC), was a boyhood friend and eventually personal bodyguard of Alexander the Great, who fought alongside Alexander in the epic battles that toppled the Persian Empire, and brought about a Macedonian Empire stretching from Greece to India. After Alexander's death, his senior staff carved up his vast empire, with Ptolemy gaining control of Egypt. There he built up his power base in Egypt, introduced administrative and economic reforms that made his family fabulously wealthy, and by extending Egypt's possessions overseas founded an Egyptian Empire. In addition to his political and military prowess, Ptolemy was an intellectual, who patronized the mathematician Euclid, wrote an important account of Alexander's campaign in Asia, and established the famous Library and Museum at Alexandria, which were the cultural heart of the entire Hellenistic Age. Ptolemy ruled Egypt until he died of natural causes in his early eighties. Ian Worthington's Ptolemy I--the first full-length biography of its kind in English--traces the life of Ptolemy from his boyhood to his reign as king and pharaoh of Egypt. Throughout, he highlights the achievements that profoundly shaped both Egypt's history and that of the early Hellenistic world. He argues that Ptolemy was by far the greatest of Alexander's Successors, and that he was a conscious imperialist who even boldly attempted to seize Greece and Macedonia, and be a second Alexander.
 

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Indice

 From Cleopatra to Ptolemy
1
1 The Young Ptolemy
7
2 Invading Persia with Alexander
27
3 The Campaign in Afghanistan
43
4 To India and Back
53
5 Ptolemy and the Rise of the Successors
71
6 Securing Egypt
89
7 Taking on the Enemy
107
10 First among Equals
165
11 Ptolemy and Egypt
185
12 The Endand Beyond
201
Ptolemys History of Alexander
213
The Sources of Information
221
Timeline
225
Bibliography
229
Index
245

8 Alexanders Corpse
129
9 From Satrap to King
147

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Informazioni sull'autore (2016)

Ian Worthington is Curators' Distinguished Professor of History and Adjunct Professor of Classical Studies at the University of Missouri. He is the author of numerous books about ancient Greece, including, most recently, By the Spear: Philip II, Alexander the Great, and the Rise and Fall of the Macedonian Empire and Demosthenes of Athens and the Fall of Classical Greece.

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