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Elision.

260. When a word beginning with a vowel or h follows a word ending in a vowel or diphthong or m, this vowel or diphthong or m (with the vowel preceding it) is elided, and does not count as a separate syllable.

Thus, in the following lines, the syllables printed in italics do not count in the verse

Carmina nulla canam ; non, me pascente, capellae
Florentem cytisum et salices carpetis amaras.—VIRG.
Saepe malum hoc nobis, si mens non laeva fuisset,
De caelo tactas memini praedicere quercus.–VIRG.
Verum haec tantum alias inter caput cxtulit urbes
Quantum lenta solent inter viburna cupressi.—VIRG.
Ah, virgo infelix, quae te dementia cepit !- VIRG.
Ducite ab urbe domum, mea carmina, ducite Daphnim.

Certe equidem audieram, qua se subducere colles
Incipiunt, mollique iugum demittere clivo
Usque ad aquam et veteres, iam fracta cacumina, fagos
Omnia carminibus vestrum servasse Menalcan.–VIRG.

Vix ea fatus erat, summo cum monte videmus
Ipsum inter pecudes vasta se mole moventem
Pastorem Polyphemum et litora nota petentem,
Monstrum horrendum, informe, ingens, cui lumen ademptum.

- VIRG.

Quod mare non novit, quae nescit Ariona tellus ?
Carmine currentes ille tenebat

aquas.
Saepe sequens agnam lupus est a voce retentus,

Saepe avidum fugiens restitit agna lupum ;

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Saepe canes leporesque umbra cubuere sub una,

Et stetit in saxo proxima cerva leae ;
Et sine lite loquax cum Palladis alite cornix

Sedit, et accipitri iuncta columba fuit.--Ov.
Hei mihi difficile est imitari gaudia falsa,
Difficile est tristi fingere mente iocum.—TIB.

Portum tetigere carinae,
Puppibus et laeti nautae imposuere coronas.—VIRG.
Humida solstitia atque hiemes orate serenas,
Agricolae, hiberno laetissima pulvere farra,
Laetus ager.—VIRG,

NOTE 1.—The interjections 0 and heu are not elided-
Flumina amem silvasque inglorius. O ubi campi. .

VIRG.
Heu, heu, quam pingui macer est mihi taurus in ervo.-

VIRG.

NOTE 2.—Sometimes a long vowel is shortened and not elided

Credimus? an, qui amant, ipsi sibi somnia fingunt ?–VIRG.
Torva leaena lupum sequitur ; lupus ipse capellam;
Florentem cytisum sequitur lasciva capella;
Te Corydon, 0 Alexi : trahit sua quemque voluptas.-VIRG.

Strophades Graio stant nomine dictae,
Insulae Ionio in magno.—VIRG.

INDE X.

PAGE

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PAGE
Adverbial Expressions of Time, 88
Adverbs, Comparison of, .

81
Adverbial Clauses,

178
Adverbs with Genitive,

153
Adversus and Adversum, .

154
Aio conjugated,

126
Aliqui and Aliquis,

183
Alius declined,

74
Alteruter declined,

185
Amo conjugated,

98
Amor conjugated,

158
Ante, .

47, 154
Antequam,
Apodosis,

175
Apposition,

50
Apud,

47, 155
Arrangement of Words in Sentences, 194
Ater declined,

22
Attributes,

4
Attributive Expressions, .

50
Audio conjugated,

101
Audior conjugated,

107
Autem, position of, in Sentence, 194

A, sound of, in Latin,

1
A, ab, abs,

19, 47, 161
A-nouns declined,

10
A-verbs,

6, 7, 98, 127
Ablative, simplest use of,

19
after Comparatives,

83
of Time,

87
of Price,

91
with Sum,

96
with Refert,

125
with Adjectives,

144
with Opus and Usus, 145
with Natus, Ortus, etc., 145
with Verbs,

150
Absolute,

151
after Prepositions,

154
Absque,

161
Accēdit, with Ut and Quod,

124
Accusative, simplest use of,

17
of Distance,

86
of Time,

87
and Infinitive,

140
with Verbs,

146
Double, .

147
Cognate,

147
of part affected,

148
of Limitation,

148
after Prepositions, 154
Acer declined,

28
Ad,

19, 47, 154
Adjective, .

4
Adjectives with stems in A and 0,. 20
in Simple Sentence,

23
with Stems in I,

27
of one termination,

38
with Genitive,

141
with Dative,

143
with Ablative,

144
Adjectival Clauses,

178
Adverbs,

48
Adverbial Expressions,

49

90, 173

.

.

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C, a guttural mute,
C, sound of,
Caesura,
Calendar, Roman,
Capio conjugated,
Careo with Ablative,
Cases of Nouns,
Cases in the Simple Sentence,
Case-constructions,
Cave with Subjunctive,
Character, .
Circum, Circa, and Circiter,
Circundo, .
Cis and Citra,
Clam,

.

.

205

91
102
151

9
16
140
169

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11
47, 155

151
155
161

.

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PAGE

25
126
147
78
81
183
185
175

5
62
64
66
66
66
67
67

Deponent Verbs,
Deus declined,
Dicitur, Construction of,
Dies declined,
Diphthongs,
Direct Questions,
Disjunctive Questions,
Dominus declined,
Domus declined,
Donec,
Dum,
Dummodo,
Duo declined,
Durus declined,

PAGE
108, 115

13
125
42

2
77
193
13

21
88, 173
88, 173, 175

175
85
21

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62, 75

Classis declined,
Coepi conjugated,
Cognate accusative, .
Comparison of Adjectives,
Comparison of Adverbs,
Compound Pronouns,
Compounds of Uter and Alter,
Conditional Sentences,
Conjugations of Verbs,
Conjunctions, Co-ordinative,

Copulative, .
Disjunctive,
Adversative,
Inferential, .
Causal,

Comparative,
Conjunctions, Subordinative,

Final,
Consecutive,
Causal,
Temporal,
Concessive, .
Comparative,

Conditional,
Consecutive Sentences,
Consonant Sounds,
Consonant-stem Nouns,
Contra,
Co-ordinate Sentences,
Copula in Latin,
Copulative Verbs,
Coram,
Cornu declined,
Corpus declined,
Cuius,
Cuias,
Cum, Conjunction,
Cum, Preposition,
Cum-Tum, ·

168
170

172
88, 173

174
175
175
75

2

29
47, 155

196

23
146
161
42
36
69

186
89, 172
47, 161

186

E, sound of, in Latin,

1
E-nouns,

42
E-verbs,

6, 7, 99, 128
E-verbs,

6, 8, 100, 130
E or Ex,

47, 162
Ecqui and Ecquis,

183
Edo conjugated,

122
Egeo with Ablative or Genitive, 149
Ego declined,

67
Elegiac couplets,

206
Elision,

208
Emphasis by position,

197
Enim, position of, in sentence, 194
Eo conjugated, .

119
Eo, compounds of,

120
Erga, .

155
Ethic Dative,

153
Etiam,

66
Etiamsi,

174
Etsi,

174
Extra,

47, 155

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3
127

38
116
118
117

F, a spirant,
Fari conjugated,
Felix declined,
Fero conjugated,
Fero, compounds of,.
Feror conjugated,
Final Conjunctions,
Final Sentences,
Fio conjugated,
Fractions, .
Fructus declined,

75, 168

75
122
86
40

.

D, a dental mute,
Dative, simplest use of,

with Sum,
Double,
with compounds of Sum,
with Adjectives, .
with Verbs, .

Ethic,
De,
Defective Verbs,
Dentals,
Dependent Sentences,

2
18
97
97
97
143
149

153
47, 162
125

2
168

G, a guttural mute,
G, sound of, in Latin,
Genders in Latin,

2
3
10

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