Popper and His Popular Critics: Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos

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Springer, 14 mag 2014 - 158 pagine

This volume examines Popper’s philosophy by analyzing the criticism of his most popular critics: Thomas Kuhn, Paul Feyerabend and Imre Lakatos. They all followed his rejection of the traditional view of science as inductive. Starting from the assumption that Hume’s criticism of induction is valid, the book explores the central criticism and objections that these three critics have raised. Their objections have met with great success, are significant and deserve paraphrase. One also may consider them reasonable protests against Popper’s high standards rather than fundamental criticisms of his philosophy. The book starts out with a preliminary discussion of some central background material and essentials of Popper’s philosophy. It ends with nutshell representations of the philosophies of Popper. Kuhn, Feyerabend and Lakatos. The middle section of the book presents the connection between these philosophers and explains what their central ideas consists of, what the critical arguments are, how they presented them, and how valid they are. In the process, the author claims that Popper's popular critics used against him arguments that he had invented (and answered) without saying so. They differ from him mainly in that they demanded of all criticism that it should be constructive: do not stop believing a refuted theory unless there is a better alternative to it. Popper hardly ever discussed belief, delegating its study to psychology proper; he usually discussed only objective knowledge, knowledge that is public and thus open to public scrutiny.

 

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Indice

Abstract
1
Part I Prelims
3
1 On Human Rules About Gods World
4
2 In Search for Rules
7
3 Rules Against MockCriticism
13
4 Rules Against Excessive Defensiveness
17
5 Against the Bouncers at the Gates of Science
25
6 Duhem Quine and Kuhn and Incommensurability
31
11 A Touch of Malice
81
Part III In a Nutshell
90
12 The Essential Popper
91
13 Kuhn on Pluralism and Incommensurability
99
14 Paul Feyerabend and Rational Pluralism
109
15 Lakatos on the Methodology of Scientific Research Programs
121
Civilization and Its Selfdefense
128
Appendix 1 The Biological Base of Dogmatism
132

Part II Popper and His Popular Critics
35
7 Karl Raimund Popper 19021994
37
8 Kuhns Way
53
9 Feyerabends Proposal
67
10 Imre Lakatos
77
Appendix 2 Popper on Explanation
133
Bibliography
137
Author Index
149
Subject Index
153
Copyright

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