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Hindu, 641.

Hindustani, 70.

Hinton, James, 563.

'Hoch Deutsch,' 377.

Holberg, Ludwig, 562.

Holland, Sir H., 320.

Hook, Dean, 476.

Hooker, Richard, 426, 503, 518,

527. 544. 549-
Home Tooke, 412, 490, 546.
Home, Bp., 423.
Hosack, John, 456.
House of Commons, 355, 396, 490,

541, 580 d.
Hullah, John, no,
Hume, Alex., grammarian, 147, 151,

159-
Huxley, T. H., 319, 418, 422, 448.
Hyphen, 598.

Icelandic, 9, 233, 261, 268, 278,

393. 467, 469-

versification, 627.

Imperative Mood, 586.
Impersonal pronoun, 33.
Indo-European languages, 2, 3.
Infant speech, 245, 660 a.
Infinitive, what, 580 a.

, flat, 569.

, flexional, 580-580 h.

, phrasal, with to, 452, 592.

Inflections, their nature and use, 14,

30, 254 (2), 378, 554, 634.
Interrogation, syntax of, 562.
Irish writing, 92, 99.

modulation, 648.

Irishism, 184,
Isle of Man, 233.
Isolating languages, 570.
Italian characteristic, 376.

'A,' no.

adverb, 441.

chirt, 147.

Diminutive, 377.

influence, 346, 408, 411.

interjection, 203.

language, 121, 141, 332, 466.

substantive-verb, 278.

words in English, 353.

Japanese language, 91, 204, 561.

Jervis, W. H., 473.

Johnson, Dr., his orthography, 161,

185, 356, 375, 533.
Jonson, Ben, 177, 181, 365.
Jowett, Professor, 660 c.
Judgment, how expressed, 258,

423-
Julien, Stanislas, 570.
Jutes, the nation, 18.

K, in Swedish, 148.

Keats, poet, 219, 608.

Keble, John, 84, 238, 240, 334, 372,

412, 446, 469, 491, 550, 580,

628, 660.
Keltic, 2, 20.
Kelticism, 239.
King, Thomas Starr, 569.
Kinglake, A. W., 536.
King's English, 67, 85, 423.
Koch, Friedrich C., 606 a.
Koenig, his experiments, 109, 122.

Labials, 4, 136.

Language of infancy, 245.

Langue d'oil, 511.

Latimer, Hugh, 518.

Latin, contrasted with English, 30,

262, 554, 560, 567. forms, 355, 387.

influence, 18, 39, 196, 348,

359' 4'°- language, 2, 4, 141, 212, 234,

251.

particles, 251.

reduplicative preterites, 285.

interjection, 200.

substantive-verb, 278.

accentuation, 632.

Diminutives, 377.

, usurping it over French, 410.

Lautverschiebung, 3, 12.

Law English, 658.

Layamon, the poet of the 'Brut,'

44. '54. 2o8, 572.
Legal diction, 658.
Leland, Mr., 375.

Lengua d'oc, 511.
Lindley, John, 334, 356.
Link-words, 520.
'Literature,' 659.
Liturgy, the Latin, 204.
Local names, 20, 25, 112, 134, 183,
184, 278, 318, 320, 331, 334,

389, 39'. 395.617.633-
Locker, Frederick, 377.
Logic, 594, 596, 648.
Logical considerations, 423, 595.
Longfellow, poet, 233, 276, 426,

620, 641.
Longman, William, 236, 324.
Lord's Prayer in Anglosaxon, 29.

in Mcesogothic, 17.

Low Dutch, 7, 10, 377, 469, 572.
Lowell, James Russell, 321, 375,

448.
Lowth, Bp., 423.
Lubbock, Sir John, 565.
Liibeck, 7.
Luther, 7, 318, 430, 469, 573, 584,

609.
Lydgate, poet, 182.
Lyly, John, 242.

Macaulay, Lord, 203, 363, 381,

408.
MacDonald, George, 377, 580 e,

584-
Mackay, Charles, 660.
Maetzner, Engli.h Grammar, 569.
Masson, David, 365.
Maundevile, 333.
'Meaning,' 614, 616.
Medial consonants, 4.
Melody, 660 b.
Metre, 648, 651, 653.
Middle voice, 299, 580 h.
Milman, Dean, 236.
Milton, 155, 156, 162, 170, 182,

217, 269, 272, 273, 27s, 381,

424, 436, 502, 578, 607, 628,

632, 656.
Mittel - Hoch - Destsch ( = Middle

High Dutch), 7.
Mixed verbs, 265, 287.
Mnemonic of Ringchange, 5, 12.

Modern languages, 245, 498, 519,

654-

Modulation, 615, 630.

Mcesogothic language, 7. 9» IO'
14, 94, 113, 124, 127, 133, 150,
262, 278, 285, 320, 323, 378,
421,435,460,467, 558.

Lord's Prayer, 15, 320.

vocalism, 109, 120.

specimens, 503, 558.

Monboddo, Lord, 423.

Man Dieu! French interjection, 204.

Montalembert, 68.

Mood, Conditional, 562.

, Imperative, 586.

More, Henry, 357.

Mozley, J. B., 319, 320, 344, 353,
365, 416, 493, 586.

Muller, Professor F. Max, 252, 363,
462, 465, 642.

Music, 616, 644, 646, 660 d.

Mute consonants, division of, 4.

Myers, Frederic, 426.

, F. W. H., 448, 472, 579.

Myles Coverdale, 165.

Nautical terms, 606 b.
Negation, 504, 510, 560.
Neu-Hoch-Deutsch ( = German), 7.
Newman, J. H., 84, 366, 583.
Nibelungen Lied, 7, 377*
Nightingale, Florence, 655.
Norman Conquest, its effect on the

language, 40.
Norman-French, 41.

interjection, 200.

Norsk, 494.

Northern English, 45, 57.

Northumbria, 23.

Norwegian language, 233, 393.

Notker, 7.

Nouns of multitude, 596.

versus pronouns, 462.

Numerals, their written forms, 2 30.

, substantival, 456.

■ , adjectival, 457.

, adverbial, 461.

■ compared, 458.

Nursery Rimes, 660 a.

Pitman, Isaak, 187.
Platt-Deutsch, 7, 17, 317.
Ploughman's Crede, 283.
Plural forms, 381.
Poetic diction, 84, 264.
Poetry, 615, 629.
Polysynthetic languages, 570.
Pope, Alexander, 180, 433, 580 f,

597-
Prepositions in lieu of terminations,

31-

Official adjective, 423.

'Old English,' 409, 423.

Oldham, the poet, 370.

Old High German, 7, 127, 263,

329, 460.
Oldsaxon, 378.
Onomatopoeia, 639.
Opprobrious epithets, 53.
Oratory, 654, 659.

, juvenile, 660 a.

Origin of Language, 660, 660 d.
Ormulum, 44, 49, 144, 599.
Orthography, 50, 144, 154, 161,

185.
Otfrid, 7.
Owl and Nightingale—the poem, 58,

61, 254.

Paley, quoted, 268, 320, 411, 575,

586, 591.
Palsgrave, French grammarian, 82,

353-

Parsing, 211.

Participle, what, 580 a.

Particle-Composition, 254, 606.

Partition of word-senses, 34.

Passive verb, 9.

Paston Letters, 294, 632.

Pearson, Bp., 545.

Percy Ballads, 268, 377.

Persian language, 2.

Person-forms, 262.

Philology, what, I, 66, 211, 225,
660 c.

Phoenician alphabet, 229.

Phonetic alphabet, 187.

spelling, 187.

printing, 188.

Phonology, 108.
Phrasal adjectives, 425.

adverbs, 445.

■ prepositions, 529.

pronoun-adverbs, 517.

infinitive, 452, 592.

syntax, 581.

Phrases, Substantival, 590.
Picture-writing, 90.
Piers Plowman, 65, 67, 73,132, 506.
Pilgrim's Progress, 522.

defined, 521.

Prescott, William H., 362.
Presentive words, 227, 231, 244,

462, 546.
Preterites used as Participles, 271-

273-
Printing, its effect on orthography,

144, 146.
Promptorium Parvulorum, 160.
Pronominal value, 165.
Pronoun ' man,' 33.

of second person, 470.

Pronouns versus Nouns, 462,

, Personal, 465.

, Reflex, 469.

, Demonstrative, 471.

, Relative, 472.

, Interrogative, 472.

——-, Indefinite, 475-

, Adjectival, 480.

, Possessive, 481.

Pronunciation, 260.

influenced by spelling, 169,

170, 185.
Proper names, 161.
Provencal, 351.
Provincialisms, 45, 61, 138, 221,

239. 3°2, 336, 384. 484> 489.

5!4. 522. 536, 634.

(For other examples, see Dialed.)
Psalms, New Version, 171,
Psalter of 1539; 202,232,270,271,

302, 522, 543, 564.
Punning, the nature of, 645.

Quantity, 616.

Quarles, 543.

Queen's English, 68, 86, 89.

Ralegh, Sir W., 164, 169, 273. Ramsay, Allan, 268, 269, 271,

, Dean, 270, 377

Red-Indian speech, 613, 641. Reduplication as a tense-sign, 124,

285. Relative pronouns, two main sources

of, 472. Rhetoric, 648. Rhetorical variation, 84. Rhyme, 629, 647, 651. Rhythm, 260, 616, 649, 654, 657,

659. Robert of Brunne, 345, 503, 515.

Robert of Gloucester, his chronicle, 61, 201, 318, 345.

Robertson, William, 498, 503.

Robinson, Henry Crabb, 322, 340, 363. 365. 366, 38S. 4". 412. 464.

Robinson Crusoe, 449.

Rolleston, Professor, 500, 533, 556.

Roman contrast to Gothic, 588, 590.

numerals, 230.

Romance of Alexander, 60.

Romance languages, 351, 466, 472.

Romanesque, 75, 638, 647.

Romaunt of the Rose, 336.

Rothe, Richard, 609.

Round numbers, 456,

Runes, 93, 96, 129, 138.

Ruskin, John, 443.

Rustic pronunciation, 181.

Ruthwell Cross, 96 n.

Samoyedian language, 126.
Sanskrit, 2, 14, 252, 262, 277, 280,

465. 581. 653. 'Saxon' as a term of language,

I?. 25Saxon Chronicles, 29, 121, 134,

237. 297. 453. 481, 523. 603. Saxon forms, 261, 263, 206, 268,

3!5. 378. 393. 397. 421. 437.

457. 487.. 541

inflections, 40.

■ writing, 92.

frenchified, 177, 359.

Saxon literature, 28, 31, 40, 14*

175, 646. specimens, 420, 437-453"4r'

474, 481, 505, 509, 523, 52;.

602, 607, 626.

speech, 39, 136.

verb, 263.

vocabulary, 32, 41, 150. 3TM

394. 6°3

vocalism, 113.

. , contrasted with Freud

590.

Gospels, 489.

Saxons, a Low Dutch people, 17.

. colonised Britain, 18.

Scandinavian languages, 8, 320,3"

378, 592- . , Scientific terminology, 000 d. Scott, Sir Walter, 184, 201, 3&

283, 423, 492, 607. Scottish language, 26, 80, 220,2" 377, 381, 486, 632.

'Z/130.

pronunciation, 151.

expressions, 276.

Secondary presentives, 387. Semitic family, 3, 570, 641. Sentence, simple, 557. Seventeenth century, 409. Shairp, J. C, 522, 526. Shakspeare, 2, 86, 94, 102, I<t 158, 166, 169, 170, 172, 1;182, 199, 205, 208, 214, !i* 217, 219, 222, 228, 238, :i 255, 256, 269, 270, 272, 283. 306, 310, 320, 323, 347, 38a 403, 412, 423, 431, 485, f; 617, 627, 632. Sharon Turner on Anglos!!*

poetry, 31. Shelley, 270, 395. Shenstone, poet, 264. Sheridan, Thomas, 031. Sibbs, Richard, 320, 404, 41S. Sibilancy, 150. Sibilation, English, 66, 150. Sidney, Sir Philip, 271, 272. Sixteenth century, 163, 164, 346 Skelton, poet, 73, 438. Skrine, H. D., 660.

Slang, 370, 374, 377, 409.
Slavonic, 2.
Smiles, Samuel, 529.
Smith, Sydney, 424.

Horace, 609.

Sound, 615; 631, 635, 660 a. Spanish language, 138, 352, 408,

47o, 556, 587Spectator, The, 271, 273, 371, 394,

536. 572, 591- 656.

Speech of Animals. 247.

Speech-part-ship, 223.

Spelling-reform, 50, 186.

reformers, 187.

Spelling to accommodate the eye, 178.

Spencer, Herbert, 607.

Spenser, 60, 94, 152, 153, 156, 162, 163, 200, 256, 268, 273, 276, 289, 297, 316, 326, 333, 344, 346, 391, 409, 423, 425, 436, 507, 625.

Stephens, Prof., his Runic Monuments, 96.

Stor Ting (Norway), 233.

Strachey, Sir Edward, 365.

Stress, 624.

Strong conjugations, 261, 266.

become weak, 274.

declensioi.s, 378.

Subjunctive mood, 578.

Sub-presentive words, 464.

Substantive verb, 277.

Surrey, the poet, 153, 168, 181, 268, 381, 392, 580.

Swedish, 8, 140, 148, 393, 422.

Swift, Jonathan, 174.

Swiss Diminutives, 377.

Syllabarium, what, 90, 91.

Symbolic element, 227. 245, 251, 462, 498, 499, 546, 584.

Symbolism, 2i8, 236, 242, 253, 464, 654.

Symbol-verb, 281, 284, 581.

Symphytism, 254, 257.

Syntax, 552.

, Flat, 554.

, Flexional 571.

, Phrasal. 581.

Synthetic and Analytic, 445.

Taylor, Jeremy, 320, 358. Tennyson, Alfred, 164, 317, 331,

391. 398. 4°9> 4H. 437. 44».

45°. 5°2, 563. 579. 607. 628,

657Tense, future, 576.

, symbols of, 586.

Tenues, 4, 139.

Terminology of Grammar, 452.

Science, 606 d.

Tertiary presentive word, 428.

Teutonic, 16.

Thackeray, W. M., 202, 533, 614.

Thin consonants, 4.

Thing-vollr (Iceland), 233.

Thirlwall, Connop, his reformed

spelliug, 187.
Tillotson, John, 469.
Tooke, Home, 257.
Transition of Consonants, 2.
Transition-period of English, 43.
Translation of Scripture, 263.
Trench, Abp., 41, 358, 400.

W. Steuart, 351, 360.

Trevelyan, C. E, 367.

Trevisa, John, 64, 318.

Trimmer, Mrs., 562, 580 f, 505.

Trollope, Anthony, 400.

Turbervile, 347.

Tylor, Edward B., 202.

Tyndale, New Testament, 166, 270,

475

Prologe, 270.

Tynwald (Isle of Man), 233.

Ulphilas, 14, 15, 286.
Umlaut, 126.

, English examples of. 127.

, useful survival of, 128, 383.

, plural forms with, 381.

Unsymbolic speech, 245.

Variation, adverbial, 433, 455.

, phrasal, 590.

, substantival, 84,

Vaughan, Henry, 320.
Veiled speech, 547.
Venn, J., 473.

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