Immagini della pagina

Ship-tire, a peculiar head-dress, re

sembling a ships' tackle; III. iii. 57

1. iv. 9.

Sadness, seriousness; IV. ii. 90.
Sauce, " to pepper”; IV. iii. 11.
Scall, scurvy; III. i. 119.
Scut, tail of a hare or rabbit; V. v. 20.
Sea-coal fire, a fire made of coals

brought by sea, a novelty at a time

when wood was generally burnt; Season, fit time (used probably tech

nically for the time when the stags

were at their best); III. iii. 162. Secure, careless ; II. i. 237. Seeming, specious; III. ii. 39. Semi-circled farthingale, a petticoat,

the hoop of which did not come

round in front; III. iii. 64. Shaft; “ to make a shaft or bolt

on't "=to do a thing either one way or another; a shaft=a sharp arrow; a bolt, a thick short one with a knob at the end; III. iv, 26.

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Simple, medicinal herb; III. iii. 74. Sir; the inferior clergy, as well as

knights or baronets, formerly received this title, being the old equivalent of the academic Dominus ;

(when applied to Bachelors of Arts at the Universities it was usually attached to the surname and not to the Christian name); hence " SirHugh Evans ; I. i. 1. Tire-valiant, a fanciful head-dress ;

Slack, neglect; III. iv. 118.
Slice, applied by Nym to Slender ; I.

III. iii. 57

i. 131.

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Slighted, tossed; III. v. 9.
Something, somewhat ; IV. vi. 22.
Sprag=sprack, i.e. quick; IV. i.

82. Speciously, a Quicklyism for speci

ally (?) III. iv. 116; IV. v. 114. Staggering, wavering; III. iii. 11. Stale, the urine of horses, applied by

the host to Dr Caius; II. iii. 31. Stamps, impressed coins ; III. iv. 17. Star-Chamber; this Court among its

other functions took cognisance

of “ routs and riots”; I. i. 1. Stoccadoes, thrusts in fencing ; II. i.

230. Stock, thrust in fencing ; II. iii. 26. Strain, disposition ; II. i. 91. Sufferance, sufferings; IV. ii. 2. Swinged, belaboured; V. v. 190. Sword and dagger, (see Dagger).

From an engraving of a noble

Venetian lady (1605). Tricking, costumes; IV. iv. 80. Trot,

Caius' pronunciation of - troth"; IV. v. 89. Trow, used by Mistress Quickly in

the sense of “I wonder”; 1. iv.

136. Truckle-bed, a small bed, running on

castors, which was thrust under the standing-bed during the daytime; IV. v. 7.

Takes, strikes with disease ; IV. iv.

33. Taking, fright; III. iii. 182. Tall, sturdy, powerful ; " tall of his

hands”; I. iv, 26. Tester, sixpence; I. iii. 94. Thrummed, made of coarse, woollen

yarn ; thrum, the loose end of a weaver's warp ; IV. ii. 77


Thrumned hat and muffler.

From Speed's Map of England. Tightly, promptly ; I. iii. 85. Tire, head-dress; I!. iii. 58.

Standing and truckle-bed. From an illuminated MS. of XV. Cent. (The figures represent a nobleman

and his valet.) Uncape, to unearth a fox ; III. iii. 169.

III. i. 57:

Unraked, fires unr.” = fires not | Wide of, far from, indifferent to;

raked together, not covered with fuel so that they might be found with, by; III. v. 108. alight in the morning; V. v. 47. Wittolly, cuckoldly; II. ii. 278. Unweighed, inconsiderate ; II. i. 23. Woodman, a hunter of forbidden Urchins, imps, goblins; IV. iv. 50.

game, and also

a pursuer of

women; V. v. 29. Veney, a bout at fencing ; I. i. 285. Worts, roots, (used quibblingly with Vizements = advisements or consider- reference to Sir Hugh's pronunations; I. i. 39.

ciation of “ words "); I. i. 121. Vlouting-stog, i.e. laughing-stock; Wrong, "you do yourself mighty III, i, 116.

wrong"=you are much mistaken;

III, iii. 209. Wag, pack off ; II. i. 234.

Wrongs, “this wrongs you,” this Ward, posture of defence ; II. il. 253. is unworthy of you; IV. ii. Watched, tamed as a hawk is broken 154.

in by being kept awake; V. v.107. Whiting-time, bleaching time; III. iii. read, an old abbreviation of - Ed133.

ward”; I. i. 153. Whitsters, bleachers of linen ; III. Yellowness, the colour of jealousy;

iii. 13:

I. i. ii. 109.



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I. i. 22. The luce is the fresh fish; the salt fish is an old coat.' No satisfactory explanation of this passage has as yet been offered; various suggestions have been made, e.g. salt-fish'=the hake borne by the stock fishmongers ; 'same' for salt'; o'tis ott fish in'(assigned to Evans), &c. May not, however, the whole point of the matter lie in Shallow's use of salt’in the sense of saltant,' the heraldic term, used especially for vermin? If 6 salt-fish'='the leaping louse,' with quibble on osalt' as opposed to • fresh fish.' There is further allusion to the proverbial predilection of vermin for old coats,' used quibblingly in the sense of coat-of-arms.' The following passage from Holinshed's continuation of the chronicles of Ireland (quoted by Rushton), seems to bear out this explanation ;-" Having lent the king his signet to seal a letter, who having powdered erinuts ingrailed in the seal; why how now Wise (quoth

the King), what hast thou lice

From the Annalia Dubrensia (1636), a collection of poems here? And if it like

laudatory of the Cotswold Games and their patron, your Majesty, quoth Robert Dover. Sir William, a louse is a rich coat, for by giving the louse I part arms with the French King in that he giveth the flower de lice, whereat the king heartily laughed," &c.




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1. i. 171.




I. i. 46. "George Page.' Ff, Qz. • Thomas Page,' retained by Camb. Ed. though Master Page is elsewhere called “George'; “the mistake may have been Shakespeare's own,” or “Geo.' may have been misread as • Tho.' I. i.

91. Outrun on Cotsall,' i.e. on the Cotswold hills in Gloucestershire); probably an allusion to the famous Cotswold Games, which were revived by Captain Robert Dover at the beginning of the seventeenth century, though evidently instituted earlier ; the allusion does not occur in the first and second Quartos.

Scarlet and John'; Robin Hood's boon-companions; an allusion to Bardolph's red face.

1. iii. 28. A minute's rest'; “ a minim's rest is the ingenious suggestion of Bennet Langton; cp. Romeo and Juliet, II. iv. 22, “ rests me his minim rest.

I. iii. 46. • Carves'; probably used here in the sense of to show favour by expressive gestures ;' cp.“ A carver: chironomus one that useth apish motions with his hands.”—Littleton's Latin-English Dictionary (1675).

I. iii. 51. Studied her will; so Q91-2: Ff, 'will’retained by Camb. Ed.

I. iii. 73. Region of Guiana.' Sir Walter Raleigh returned from his expedition to So. America in 1596, and published his book • The Discovery of the large, rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana' in the same year.

I. iii. 99. By welkin and her star.' This is no doubt the correct reading of the line, and there is no need to read stars, as has been suggested ; • star' is obviously used here for the sun'; the Quartos read · fairies.'

1. iii. 109. The revolt of mine,' i.e. my revolt: Camb. Ed. suggest in Note mine anger,' but no change seems necessary.

II. i. 5. Though Love use Reason for his physician.' The folios read precisian’; the emendation adopted in the text was first suggested by Theobald, and has been generally accepted ; op. Sonnet cxLvII: “My reason the physician to my love."

II. i. 220, 223. In the folios the name · Broome' is given instead of • Brooke'; but Falstaff's pun, - Such Brooks are welcome to me, that overflow with liquor," removes all doubt as to the correct reading, which is actually found in the Quartos.

II. i. 224. "Will you go, min-heers?' The Folios and Quartos, · An-heires,' retained by Camb. Ed. ; Theobald, mynheers.' Other suggestions are "on, here ;” “on, hearts ; " " on, heroes ; " " cavaleires ;" &c. In support of change, cp. mine host’in reply.

II. ii. 155. O'erflows,' so F,F2; Camb. Ed., o'erflow.'

II. iii. 34. Castalion, King Urinal': Ff. castalion-king-Vrinall,' retained by Camb. Ed. but the first hyphen is prob. an error for comma




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