Catholic Royalism in the Department of the Gard 1814-1852
Cambridge University Press, 8 ago 2002 - 232 pagine
The Gard in southern France was the scene of extensive bloodshed in 1790, when opponents of the Revolution tried unsuccessfully to prevent change, and again in 1815, when they sought revenge through a carefully prepared White Terror. The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 also provoked violent conflict in the Gard, and even when the department appeared to enjoy tranquillity, political and social relations there were soured by intimidation and fear. This study shows how the royalist counter-revolutionaries were able to polarise opinion by emphasising the Protestantism of their opponents. Anti-Protestant sentiment, accentuated by the association of Protestants with the political and economic institutions of the Revolution and Empire, produced a counter-revolutionary movement in which local considerations predominated. The Catholic royalist leaders' ambition to achieve maximum autonomy for their particular royaume du Midi brought them into conflict not only with central government but also with their proclaimed loyalty to the Bourbons.
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AD Card 6M administration Ales anti-Protestantism April arrondissement August authorities Beaucaire Bechard Bernis Boissin Bouches-du-Rhone Bourbon Calviere-Vezenobres candidates cantons Card 6M Card's carlists Catholic notables Catholic royalism Catholic royalists cent Chartrier de Clausonne commissaire de police counter-revolutionary cour d'Arbaud-Jouques d'Argout to Decazes d'Haussez December department's deputies dossier A8 droit national election electoral fait faubourgs February Fornier d'Albe Fornier de Clausonne France French garde Gazette du Bas-Languedoc gendarmerie ibid January Jouques Jules de Calviere July Monarchy July Revolution Languedoc Larcy legitimists Louis XVIII Lourdoueix March mayor of Nimes Midi minister of interior minister of justice miquelet Montpellier municipal national guard Nimes Nismes November October organisation Orleanist Paris parti Pieyre police report political politique popular population prefect to minister prefecture procureur-general qu'il Quatretaillons regime republican Restoration Revolution Rhone Rochemore Saint-Ambroix September social societe sub-prefect Surville textile ultra-royalists Uzes Vigan Viger to minister Villeneuve vote White Terror