Catholic Royalism in the Department of the Gard 1814-1852
Cambridge University Press, 8 ago 2002 - 232 pagine
The Gard in southern France was the scene of extensive bloodshed in 1790, when opponents of the Revolution tried unsuccessfully to prevent change, and again in 1815, when they sought revenge through a carefully prepared White Terror. The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 also provoked violent conflict in the Gard, and even when the department appeared to enjoy tranquillity, political and social relations there were soured by intimidation and fear. This study shows how the royalist counter-revolutionaries were able to polarise opinion by emphasising the Protestantism of their opponents. Anti-Protestant sentiment, accentuated by the association of Protestants with the political and economic institutions of the Revolution and Empire, produced a counter-revolutionary movement in which local considerations predominated. The Catholic royalist leaders' ambition to achieve maximum autonomy for their particular royaume du Midi brought them into conflict not only with central government but also with their proclaimed loyalty to the Bourbons.
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AD Gard 6M administration Alès already appointed attempt August authorities Beaucaire became Calvière candidates cantons Catholic royalists cause cent Charles Chartrier classes Clausonne commander commissaire considerable constitutional continued dans Days December deputies dossier economic election electoral entire established February force formed Fornier France French Gard 6M Gard's Gazette Grand hands held ibid important industry influence interests involved January July June Languedoc legitimists less liberal Louis Louis XVIII majority March mayor Midi minister of interior minister of justice Monarchy municipal national guard Nîmes notables notes November October opinion organisation Orleanist Paris parti particularly police political popular population position prefect to minister préfecture Protestants qu'il regime remained republican Restoration revealed royalism Second September social société sub-prefect Surville Terror tion took town traditional Uzès votes White