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fraus, fraudis, f., fraud, loss; sine fraude, without punishment.
frequēns, -entis, [FRAG, cram], adj., in large numbers, in full session.
frequentia, -ae, [frequēns], f., full attendance.
frequentō, -are, -āvī, -ātus, [frequēns], frequent, frequently
frētus, -a, -um, [FRE, hold], adj., with abl., depending on, relying upon.
frīgus, oris, [FRIG, freeze], n.,
frōns, frontis, f., (forehead), front.
fructus, -ūs, [FRVG, enjoy], m., fruit, reward, advantages. frumentum, -1, [FRVG, enjoy], n., grain.
fruor, -1, fructus sum, [FRvg, enjoy], with abl., enjoy. frustra, adv., in vain, to no purpose.
fugiō, -ere, fūgī, fugitūrus, [FVG, flee], flee, escape. fugitīvus, -a, -um, [FVG, flee],
adj., fugitive, runaway. Fulvia, -ae, f., mistress of Q. Curius, through whom Cicero was constantly informed of the plans of the conspirators. Fulvius, -a, name of a Roman gens:
(1) M. Fulvius Nōbilior, of the equestrian order, was a follower of Catiline.
Gabinius, -a, name of a Roman gens; P. Gabinius Capitō, of the equestrian order, was one of the most prominent of the Catilinarian conspirators.
fuga, -ae, [FVG, flee], f., flight, Gaius, abbreviated C., a Roman
(2) A. Fulvius, a senator's son, was caught on his way to join Catiline's army at
Faesulae, and was put to death by order of his father.
fundō, -ere, fūdī, fūsus, [FVD, pour], rout.
für, fūris, [FER, carry], m.,
furibundus, -a, -um, [FVR, rage],
adj., furious, raging.
Gallic; as noun, Gallus, -ī, grātus, -a, -um, [GRA, favor], m., a Gaul. adj., pleasing, acceptable, gratifying.
gānea, -ae, f., gluttony. gāneō, -ōnis, [ganea], m., glut- gravis, -e, [GRAV, heavy], adj., vy, weighty, of weight, serious; severe, bitter. graviter, [gravis], adv., severely; seriously, deeply. gregārius, -a, -um, [grex], adj.,
(of the herd), common. grex, gregis, m., (herd), company, band; grege facto, in a body.
gaudium, -1, [GAV, glad], n., joy, rejoicing.
gēns, gentis, [GEN, beget], f.,
clan, house, gens, consisting of a number of families descending from a common ancestor; tribe, people, nation. genus, -eris, [GEN, beget], n.,
race, family, birth; class, sort, kind, description, rank. gerō, -ere, gessi, gestus, [GES, carry], manage, carry on, wage; accomplish, do, perform; rēs gestae, achievements, history. gladiator, -ōris, [gladior, fight with the sword], m., gladiator, cut-throat, ruffian. gladiātōrius, -a, -um, [gladia
tor], adj., gladiatorial. gladius, -ī, m., sword.
glōria, -ae, f., glory, fame, renown, distinction.
glōrior, -ārī, -ātus sum, [glōria],
Graecia, -ae, f., Greece.
grandis, -e, adj., large, great,
grātia, -ae, [grātus], f., favor, influence; favoritism, partiality; gratiam facere, be lenient; gratia, preceded by gen., on account, for the sake. grātuītō, [gratuitus, without pay], adv., for nothing, with no particular object.
gula, -ae, [GVL, swallow], f., throat, neck; laqueō gulam frangere, strangle.
habeō, -ēre, -ui, -itus, [HAB,
haruspex, -icis, [HAR, twist + SPEC, see], m., (inspector of the entrails of victims), soothsayer, diviner.
haud, adv., modifying a single word, not, not at all, by no
haud-quaquam, adv., by no means, not at all. haveō, -ēre, —, —, [AV, desire], be safe, be happy, be well; imperative, farewell. hebēscō, -ere, —, —, [inceptive from hebeō, be blunt], become dull, decline.
hesternus, -a, -um, [HES, yesterday], adj., of yesterday, yesterday's.
hic, haec, hōc, gen., hūius, [1, this one + -ce], dem. pron., pointing to that which is near the speaker, this, these; the present, of the present age; the following; he, she, it, they; ille . . . hic, the former
the latter; ad hoc, in addition to this, besides, more
hic, [1, this one + -ce], adv., here, in this place; here, now, on this point.
hīce, haece, hōce, gen., huiusce, older form of hic, haec, hōc. Hispania, -ae, [Hispānus], f., Spain, including Hispania Citerior and Ulterior, north and south respectively of the Hiberus (Ebro). Hispanus, -a, -um, adj., Spanish; as noun, Hispānus, -ī, m., a Spaniard.
homō, -inis, [cf. humus], m. and f., man (as a human being); cf. vir, a male.
honestē, [honestus], adv., honorably; virtuously, with chastity; parum honestē habēre, have too little regard for. honestō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ho
nestus], honor, dignify. honestus, -a, -um, [honōs], adj., honorable.
honōs or honor, '-ōris, m., honor, dignity; public honor, office. horribilis, -e, [horreō, bristle], adj., frightful, terrible, horri ble.
hortor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [freq. from (old) horior, urge], urge, encourage, exhort, appeal to.
hospes, -itis, m., host; guest; guest friend.
hostilis, -e, [hostis], adj., of an enemy.
hostis, -is, [(G)HAS, hurt], m. and f., enemy (of the state). Cf. inimicus, personal enemy. hūc, [(unused) hoi, dat. of hīc
+-ce], adv., to this. hūmānus, -a, -um, [homō], adj., of man, human. humus, -ī, f., ground.
iactō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. from iacio, throw], (toss); sē iactare, strut about, swagger, make a display. iam, adv., now; often including
a look backward, already, or forward, presently, at once; moreover; iam tum, now by that time, even so long ago; iam pridem, long since, long ago; iam vērō, furthermore, then again.
iānua, -ae, f., outer door, en- | ille, illa, illud, gen. illius, dem. trance door from the street. Iānuārius, -a, -um, [Iānus],
pron., referring to that which is remote, that; he, she, it; the other; the ancient; the well known, the famous; ille... hic, the former . the latter. illecebra, -ae, [in + LAC, entangle], f., enticement, allurement, alluring arts. illiciō, -ere, -lēxī, -lectus, [in + lacio, entice], with ad, entice,
adj., of January, January. ibi, [1, this one + locative ending -bī], adv., there; in these things.
idem, eadem, idem, gen. ēiusdem, [1, this one +-dem, dem. suffix], dem. pron., the same; likewise, also.
idōneus, -a, -um, adj., suitable; deserving; serviceable (with dat.).
igitur, [for agitur, the point is], conj., (contrary to the best usage, Sallust puts igitur first in the sentence, except in questions), therefore, then, imitor, -ārī, -ātus sum, imitate, accordingly; after a digres- copy after. sion, well then, as I was say-immānitās, -ātis, [immānis, ing. monstrous], f., enormity, monīgnārus, -a, -um, [in + gnārus, strosity.
knowing], adj., with gen., un-im-minuō, -ere, -ui, -ūtus, dimin
acquainted with, a stranger to,
īgnāvia, -ae, [īgnāvus], f., in-
īgnōminia, -ae, [in+(g)nōmen],
īgnōrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [īgnārus], not know, have no knowledge.
ignōscō, -ere, īgnōvī, īgnōtus, [in (g) nōsco], with dat., pardon, forgive, overlook.
im-, see in- in composition. imbecillus, -a, -um, adj., weak. imberbis, -e, [in+barba, beard], adj., beardless.
imbuō, -ere, -buī, -būtus, steep, stain.
ish; impair, infringe. im-mittō, -ere, -mīsī, -missus, (send against), instigate. immō, adv., with vērō, nay rather.
im-moderātus, -a, -um, adj., un-
im-mūtō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, change, alter, transform.
im-parātus, -a, -um, adj., un
prepared, off one's guard. impediō, -īre, -īvī, -ītus, [in +
PED, tread], with nē, hinder, obstruct, prevent. im-pellō, -ere, -puli, -pulsus, with acc. and ad or ut, urge on, impel, induce.
im-pendeō, -ēre, —, —, [pendeō, hang], with dat., overhang, impend, threaten. imperator, -ōris, [imperō], m.,
noun, impudicus, -ī, m., profligate, debauchee.
impūnitās, -ātis, [impūnis, unpunished], f., freedom from punishment, impunity.
commander, general; ruler. imperium, -ī, [imperō], n., com-im-pūnītus, -a, -um, [pūnītus, part. of pūniō, punish], unpunished.
mand, order; authority, control, rule, power; supreme power, sovereignty, dominion, empire; office; military authority.
imperō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [in + parō], command, give an order; rule, govern; be master; require.
impertiō, -īre, -īvī, -ītus, [in + partiō, share], with dat., bestow upon.
impetus, -ūs, [in + PET, fly], m., with in and acc., attack, assault. im-pius, -a, -um, [pius, dutiful], adj., impious, wicked, abandoned. im-plōrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [plōrō, cry out], appeal to, invoke, entreat, implore.
im-pōnō, -ere, -posui, -positus,
with acc. and dat., put upon, lay upon, fasten upon, impose upon; set over, appoint over. importūnus, -a, -um, adj., (unsuitable); unrelenting, cruel, inhuman.
im-probus, -a, -um, adj., unprincipled, wicked, depraved, outrageous.
im-prōvīsus, -a, -um, [prōvīsus, part. of prōvideō], adj., unforeseen; dē imprōvīsō, on a sudden, suddenly, unexpectedly.
im-pudicus, -a, -um, [pudicus, modest], adj., unchaste; as
im-pūrus, -a, -um, [pūrus, pure], adj., unclean, sinstained, guilty. imus, see inferus. in, prep. with acc. and abl.: (1) With the acc., of motion, into, to; within, in, at; upon, on, against, in regard to; towards, for; among; of time, until; in diēs, daily, each day; in praesēns, for the time being; in rem esse, be useful, serve one's purpose; in urbium modum, on the scale of cities.
(2) With the abl., of place, in, within, upon, on, at, among; of time, during, at the time of, amid; in the case of, in relation to; in mediō, unexpectedly; in prīmīs, especially; (among the foremost, 56, 13).
in- in composition, often changed to il- before 1, to im- before b, m, p, and to ir- before r; in, into, on, upon, against; un-, in-, not.
inānis, -e, adj., empty, vacant, unoccupied.
in-cēdō, -ere, -cessi, -cessus, ad
vance, march forward, make advance; come upon, fall upon, take possession of. incendium, -ī, [in + CAND, glow],