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laeva, -ae, [laevus, left], (sc.

manus), f., left hand, left. lancea, -ae, f., a Spanish lance hung with a leather thong, lance, spear. langueō, -ēre, [LAG, loose], be listless, be indifferent, be irresolute.


lapideus, -a, -um, [lapis, stone], adj., of stone, stone.

laqueus, -1, [LAC, entangle], m., noose, halter; laqueō gulam frangere, strangle. lār, laris, m., household god, guardian of the house; by metonymy, lār familiaris, hearth, home.

family; M. Porcius Laeca, a | latrocinium, senator, was an active follower of Catiline.

laetitia, -ae, [laetus], f., joy, rejoicing, gladness, gayety. laetor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [laetus], rejoice, be glad. laetus, -a, -um, adj., joyful, glad, lātus, see ferō.


large, [largus, plentiful], adv., bountifully, liberally, lavishly. largior, -īrī, -ītus sum, [largus, plentiful], lavish, be lavish with; givé largesses, offer bribes, bribe.

largitiō, -ōnis, [largior], f., largess, bounty; bribery, corruption.

lascīvia, -ae, [lascīvus, wanton],

f., frivolity, dissipation, wan


lassitūdō, -inis, [lassus, faint], f., weariness, fatigue. Latīnus, -a, -um, [Latium], adj., Latin. latrō, -ōnis, m., robber, highwayman, brigand.


[latrocinor, plunder], n., highway-robbery, brigandage.

latus, -eris, [PLAT, flat], n., side, flank.

lātus, -a, -um, [STLA, spread], adj., broad, wide.

laudō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [laus],

praise, commend, applaud. laus, laudis, [CLV, hear], f.,

praise, commendation, glory. lectulus, -i, [dim. of lectus, bed], m., couch, bed.

lēctus, -a, -um, [part. of legō], adj., picked, choice, select. lēgātus, -1, [part. of lēgō, commission], m., ambassador, envoy, deputy; lieutenant, lieutenant-general. legiō, -ōnis, [LEG, gather], f., legion, a Roman regiment varying from 3000 to 6000 men; army, host. lēgitumus, -a, -um, [lēx], limited or regulated by law, legitimate, legal.

legō, -ere, lēgī, lectus, [LEG, gather], read.

lēniō, -īre, -īvī, -ītus, [lēnis, soft], soften, reduce; appease, conciliate. Lentulus, -ī, [lentus], m., name of a Roman family in the Cornelian gens: (1) P. Cornēlius Lentulus Spinther, aedile in B.C. 63, was a firm friend of Cicero. (2) P. Cornelius Lentulus Sura, praetor in B. c. 63, the most active among the leaders of the conspiracy, was arrested and executed by order of the senate.

lentus, -a, -um, adj., (pliant), | licentia, -ae, [licēns, free], f.,

freedom of action, freedom from restraint, too little restraint, license, freedom, leave, power.

slow, dilatory.

Lepidus, -1, [lepidus, pleasant],

m., name of a Roman family in the Aemilian gens; M. Aemilius Lepidus was consul in B.C. 66.

licet, -ēre, licuit and licitum est, [LIC, let], impers., it is lawful, it is allowed, it is permitted, one may.

Līcinius, -ī, m., name of a ple

beian gens; M. Licinius Crassus, see Crassus. lingua, -ae, f., tongue; language. littera, -ae, [LI, pour], f., letter of the alphabet; pl., letter (epistle); literature.

levō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [levis], lighten, lessen, mitigate. lēx, lēgis, [LEG, be fixed], f., locō, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, [locus], law, statute.

liber, -era, -erum, [LIB, desire], adj., free, independent, unbiassed; safe from harm; libera custōdia, see custōdia; as noun, liber, -eri, m., free man; see also liberi, below. liber, librī, m., book.

liberālis, -e, [līber], adj., lib

eral, generous.

liberālitās, -ātis, [līberālis], f.,
liberality, generosity.
liberaliter, [liberālis], adv., lib-
erally, generously.
liberi, -ōrum, [liber], m. pl.,

lepōs, -ōris, [LAP, shine], m.,

agreeableness, charm, grace. levis, -e, [LEG, run], adj., light, mild.

levitas, -ātis, [levis], f., lightness, fickleness, want of principle.


libertinus, -a, -um, [lībertus], adj., of a freedman; lībertīnus homo, freedman.

libertus, -i, [līber], m., freedman. libido, see lubidō.

place, post, station. locuplēs, -ētis, [locus + PLE, fill], adj., rich, wealthy, opulent.

liberō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [līber],

longē, [longus], adv., at a dis-
tance, far off, far; very; for a
long time, long.
Longinus, -ī, m., name of a Ro-
man family; L. Cassius Lon-
ginus, a senator, was one of
Catiline's chief conspirators.

with abl., free, liberate, re-
lease, deliver.

lībertās, -ātis, [līber], f., free

dom, liberty; political inde-longus, -a, -um, adj., long.

loquor, -ī, locutus sum, speak,

locus, -1, [STLA, spread], m., (pl., loci, single places, loca, connected places, region), place, spot, locality, location, region, district, country; quarters; station, rank, family; position, condition, state; room, opportunity; ad id locī, to this very place.

say, utter.

lōrīca, -ae, [lōrum, thong], f.,

cuirass, coat of mail (orig. of leather thongs).

lubet, -ēre, lubuit and lubitum

est, impers., it pleases, one pleases, one desires. lubīdinōsē, [lubīdinōsus, arbitrary], adv., at one's pleasure, according to one's whim or caprice.

lubidō, -inis, [LVB, desire], f., pleasure, desire, passion, caprice, whim; wantonness, lust, dissipation.

Lūcius, -ī, m., Lūcius, a Roman forename.

luctuōsus, -a, -um, [luctus],

adj., sorrowful, mournful. luctus, -ūs, [LVG, distress], m., grief, mourning, sorrow. luculentus, -a, -um, [lūx], adj.,

bright, brilliant.

lūdibrium, -ī, [unused lūdiber from lūdus, play], n., mockery, derision, butt, sport. lux, lūcis, [LVC, shine], f., light, daylight, daybreak. lūxuria, -ae, [lūxus], f., extravagance, luxury, luxuriousness, wantonness, riotous living. lūxuriōsē, [lūxuriōsus, luxurious], adv., luxuriously, wantonly.

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magis, [MAG, big], comp. adv., more, rather; superl., māxumē, especially, particularly; exceedingly, very, most, best; quam māxumē, as . as possible. magistrātus, -ūs, [magister, master], m., magistracy; magistrate, officer.


magnificē, [māgnificus], adv., magnificently, sumptuously, in grandeur; grandiloquently, in lofty style. māgnificus, -a, -um, [māgnus+ FAC, make], adj., splendid, rich, magnificent; glorious, grand.

māgnitūdō, -inis, [māgnus], f., greatness, magnitude, vastness, extent; enormity; importance; aggrandizement.

māgnō opere, adv., greatly, heartily.

magnus, -a, -um, [MAG, big], adj., great, large, important; abundant; māgnīs itineribus, by forced marches; comp., maior, greater, stronger; pl., as noun, māiōrēs, -um, m., fathers, ancestors; superl., māxumus (māximus), greatest, largest, very large, vast, enormous; very loud; magnificent; most remarkable; highest, best, utmost, supreme, most pressing, most urgent. māior, see māgnus.

male, [malus], adv., badly, ill,

mis-, unsuccessfully, unfortunately.

male dictum, -ī, n., foul charge, slander, invective, abuse. male factum, -ī, n., misdeed. maleficium, -ī, [maleficus, evildoing], n., evil deed, crime. malivolentia, -ae, [male + volēns], f., ill will, malice, malevolence.

mālō, mālle, māluī, -, [magis

+ volō], choose rather, prefer. malum, -ī, [malus], n., evil, mis

fortune, calamity, ill, woe, trouble, disorder, danger. malus, -a, -um, comp. pēior, superl. pessumus, adj., bad, evil, wicked, criminal, depraved, dissolute; pernicious, dangerous, destructive, deadly, disaffected, disloyal. mandātum, -ī, [part. of mandō],

n., commission, message, instructions, directions. mandō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [manus + DA, put], intrust, direct, instruct; confer. māne, [māne, morning], adv., in the morning, early in the morning.

maneō, -ēre, mānsī, mānsus, [MAN, stay], remain. manicātus, -a, -um, [manicae, tunic sleeve, from manus], adj., long-sleeved. manifestō, [manifestus, clear], adv., clearly, openly, obviously; in the act. Mānius, -1, [māne], m., Mānius, a Roman forename.

Mānliānus, -a, -um, [Mānlius], adj., of Manlius, Manlian. Manlius, -a, name of a patrician gens:

(1) A. Manlius Torquatus, dictator and consul, was famous for causing his son to be executed for disobeying orders in the Latin war, B.C. 340.

(2) L. Manlius Torquātus was consul B.c. 65.

(3) C. Manlius, Catiline's

trusted lieutenant, was killed in the battle of Pistoria. mānsuētūdō, -inis, [mānsuētus, mild], f., gentleness, mildness, clemency. manufestus, -a, -um, [manus + FEND, strike], adj., caught in the act, convicted; clear, manifest, exposed.

manus, -ūs, f., hand; in manū, at his command; promptus manu, prompt in action; aequa manu discedere, come off with a drawn battle, result indecisively; band, force. Mārcius, -a, name of a Roman gens; Q. Marcius Rēx, being refused a triumph after his proconsulship in Cilicia in B.C. 67, remained outside of Rome till the conspiracy broke out in B.C. 63, when he was sent to the neighborhood of Faesulae to watch the movements of Catiline's army.

Mārcus, -ī, m., Mārcus, a Roman forename.

mare, -is, n., sea. maritumus, -a, -um, [mare], adj., maritime, naval. Marius, -a, name of a plebeian gens; C. Marius, born в.c. 157, conquered Jugurtha in 106, saved Rome from an invasion of the Cimbri and Teutones by

utterly defeating them in 102 | memoria, -ae, [memor], f., memand 101, engaged in a frightful ory, recollection, remembrance; civil war with Sulla, and died record. in his seventh consulship, B.C.


Massilia, -ae, f., Massilia, now

māter, -tris, [мÃ, produce], f., mother, matron; see familia. māteriēs, -ēī, [māter], f., mate

rial, substance, source. mātūrē, [mātūrus, ripe], adv., seasonably, opportunely, at the proper time.

mātūrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [mātūrus, ripe], make haste, hasten, hurry forward; mātūrāre sīgnum dare, give the signal prematurely. Maurētānia, -ae, f., Mauretania, the westernmost country of northern Africa, now Mo


māxumē or maximē, see magis. maxumus or maximus, see mag


medius, -a, -um, [MED, middle], adj., middle of, midst of, centre of; in medio relinquere, leave undecided.

mehercule, [mē Hercules (iuvet)], So help me Hercules ! By Hercules! Upon my word! Assuredly!

melior, see bonus. meminī, -isse, —, [MEN, mind],

def., with acc. and inf. pres., remember, recollect, bear in mind.

memor, -oris, [MAR, think], adj.,

with gen., mindful of, remembering, recollecting, recalling. memorabilis, -e, [memorō], adj., memorable, noteworthy.

memorō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [memor], mention, make mention of, recount, relate, say, tell, call to mind, remind. mēns, mentis, [MEN, mind], f., mind, feeling, sentiment; change of mind.

mentior, -īrī, -ītus sum, [MEN,

mind], lie; fabricate. mercēs, -ēdis, f., wages, reward,

remuneration, prize. mercor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [merx, merchandise], deal in, buy. merito, [abl. of meritum, ser

vice], adv., deservedly, justly. -met, enclitic suffix with intensive force added to pro


Metellus, -i, m., name of a plebeian family in the Caecilian gens:

(1) Q. Caecilius Metellus, surnamed Creticus for conquering Crete in B.C. 67, being refused a triumph, remained outside of Rome until the Catilinarian conspiracy broke out in B.C. 63, when he was sent to Apulia by order of the Senate.

(2) Q. Caecilius Metellus Celer, praetor in в.c. 63, was sent into Picenum, where he raised three legions, and successfully blocked Catiline's attempt to march into Gaul. mētior, -īrī, mēnsus sum, [MA, measure], measure, estimate. metuō, -ere, -ui, - [metus],

fear, dread, apprehend. metus, -ūs, m., fear, dread, ap

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