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prehension, anxiety, alarm, miserābilis, -e, [miseror], adj., terror.

pitiable, deplorable. meus, -a, -um, [ma, me], poss. misereor, -ērī, -itussum, [miser],

pron. adj., my, mine, my own, with gen., pity, take compasof mine.

sion on. mīles, -itis, (mil, associate], m., miseria,-ae, [miser], f., wretched

soldier, common soldier, pri- ness, misery, woe, trouble, disvate; soldiery, army.

tress. mīlitāris, -e, [mīles], adj., of a misericordia, -ae, [misericors],

soldier, of war, military, war- f., pity, compassion, mercy. like, soldierly; rēs mīlitāris, misericors, -cordis, (miser +cor, art of war; homo mīlitāris, heart], adj., merciful, compas. experienced soldier.

sionate. mīlitia, -ae, [mīles], f., military miseror, -ārī, -ātus sum, [miser],

service; locat., mīlitiae, in the lament, mourn over, bewail, army, in the field, abroad.

deplore. mīlle, indecl. adj. in sing., in pl., Mithridāticus, -a, -um, [Mithri.

noun, mīlia, -ium, (mil, asso- dātēs], adj., of Mithridates, ciate], n., a thousand.

Mithridatic. minae, -ārum, [min, project], f. mitto, -ere, mīsī, missus, (mit, pl., threats, menaces.

send], send, despatch. minitor, -āri, -ātus sum, [freq. mixtus, -a, -um, (part. of mis

from minor),with dat.,threaten. ceõ], adj., mixed, heterogeminor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [minae], threaten.

mobilitās, -ātis, (mòbilis, movminor, see parvus.

able], f., fickleness, sudden minumē or minimē, see parum. impulse. minumus or minimus, see par- moderātus, -a, -um, (part. of

moderor], adj., self-controlled ; minuõ, -ere, -uī, -ūtus, [min, less], nihil moderāti habēre, exerlessen, diminish, abate.

cise no self-control whatever. minus, see parum.

moderor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [momīror, -ārī, -ātus sum, [mīrus], dus], with dat., set bounds,

admire; wonder, marvel, be control, restrain. surprised.

modestia, -ae, (modestus], f., mīrus, -a, um, [MIR, wonder), moderation, self-restraint, self

adj., wonderful, surprising ; control; honor, dignity, char

neque mirum, and no wonder. acter. misceo, -ēre, -ui, mixtus, [mic, modestus, -a, -um, [modus], adj.,

mix], throw into confusion, modest, unassuming.

confuse, disturb, upturn. modo, [abl. of modus], adv. and miser,-era,-erum,[mis,wretched], conj. :

adj., wretched, unfortunate, (1) As adv., only, merely, but, miserable, pitiable, distressed. just; non ... modo, sed,



not only ... but; modo .. manner, mode, way; pl., char-
now; tan-

acter, characteristics, princitum modo, only.

ples, morals, civilization. (2) As conj., if only, provided; mõtus, -ūs, [moveo], m., movedum modo, provided.

ment, disturbance, commotion, modus, -ī, (MAD, measure], m., uprising.

moderation; bound, limit; moveo, -ēre, māvī, mõtus, (mov, way, means; manner, kind, move], move, set in motion; sort, form, fashion, style, class, remove, expel; disturb, concharacter; õrātio hūiuscemodī, cern, trouble; castra movēre, oration to this effect, as follows; break camp; iocum movēre, ēius modī, of such a kind, such; crack a joke. in urbium modum, on the scale muliebris, -e, [mulier), adj., of cities.

womanish. moenia, -ium, (mv, shut], n. pl., mulier, -eris, f., woman.

(defensive) walls, city walls; multitūdō, -inis, (multus], f., walled city.

great number, multitude, host; mõlēs, -is, f., mass, weight, crowd, body of men; mob, burden.

rabble. mõlior, -īrī, -ītus sum, (mõlēs], multo, [abl. of multus], adv.,

set in motion, labor upon. much, by far, very. mollio, -īre, -īvī, -ītus, [mollis], multo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, (multa, soften; enervate.

a fine], punish. mollis, -e, adj., pliant, plastic; multum, [multus], adv., much, tender; agreeable.

greatly, frequently; comp., molliter, [mollis], adv., luxuri- plūs, more; plūs posse, be ously.

more powerful, accomplish mollitia, -ae, [mollis], f., weak- more; superl., plūrumum or ness, irresolution.

plūrimum, most; plūrumum moneo, -ēre, -ui, -itus, [MEN, posse, be most powerful, be

mind], advise, warn; suggest, most effective. counsel.

multus, -a, -um, adj., much, mõns, montis, (MAN, tower], m., many; comp., plūs, more ; mountain.

plūris facere, esteem mora, -ae, [SMAR, think], f., highly; superl., plūrumus or delay.

plūrimus, most, very many. morbus, -i, (MAR, die], m., dis- Mulvius, -a, -um, adj., Mulvian;

pons Mulvius, the Mulvian mors, mortis, (MAR, die], f., bridge, built by M. Aemilius death.

Scaurus, the censor, in B.C. mortālis, -e, [mors], adj., mor- 109, which crossed the Tiber

tal; as noun, mortālis, is, two miles north of Rome, on

m., mortal, human being, man. the Via Flaminia ; now Ponte mās, māris, m., custom, practice ; Molle.



mūniceps, -cipis, (mūnia, public nam, for indeed, and in fact,

duties + CAP, take], m. and f., for you see, for. citizen of a municipality or nancīscor, -ī, nactus or nanctus free town.

sum, [nac, get], get, obtain. mūnicipium, -i, [mūniceps), n., nārrā, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [for gnā

free town or city, municipal rigo from gnārus, knowing), ity, which, being annexed to tell, relate, narrate, recount. Rome, lost its sovereignty, but nāscor, -ī, nātus sum, [GNA, be

retained local self-government. get], with abl., be born. mūnificentia, -ae, [mūnificus, nātio, -ōnis, [gna, beget], f.,

bountiful], f., munificence, gen tribe, people, race, nation. erosity.

nātūra, -ae, [GNA, beget], f., namūnió, īre, ivi or-iī, -ītus, ture ; natural inclination or

[moenia), fortify, protect, se disposition ; temper, characcure, guard.

ter. mūnītus, -a, -um, (part. of mū- naufragus, -a, -um, [nāvis, ship

nió], adj., fortified, protected, + FRAG, break], adj., shipsecure.

wrecked; as noun, naufragī, mūnus, -eris, [mv, shut], n.,

-orum, m. pl., castaways ; service; pl., public exhibition, ruined men, bankrupts. public games, show of gladia- nāvigo, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [nāvis, tors.

ship + AG, drive], sail, naviMurēna, -ae, m., name of a gate.

Roman family in the Licinian nē, [= val, vh, verily ], adv., gens; C. Licinius Murēna was verily, truly, assuredly. acting governor of Cisalpine nē, [na, no], adv. and conj. : Gaul in B.c. 63, in place of his (1) As adv., not; nē... quibrother Lucius, who went to dem, not even. Rome as candidate for the con (2) As conj., that . not, not

sulship of the following year. to, not, lest, for fear that, mūrus, -7, [mv, shut], m., wall, to prevent; with expressions rampart.

of fear, that, lest. mūtő, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. -ne, [weaker form of nē, not], from moveā], change, alter ;

enclitic adv. and conj. : exchange.

(1) As adv., in a direct quesmūtuus, -a, -um, [mūtő], adj., tion, not translated.

borrowed ; sūmptus mūtuus, (2) As conj., in an indirect procured as a loan.

question, whether. nec, see neque.

necessārius, -a, -um, [necesse], N.

adj., necessary; as noun, nenam, conj., introducing an ex cessāria, -ōrum, n. pl., neces

planation or a reason, for. saries of life, barest necessities. nam-que, conj., a strengthened necesse, [nec, bind], indecl. n.



adj., necessary, needful; ne- nor yet, but not; neque cesse est, one should.

neque, neither necessitās, -ātis, (necesse], f., nequeo, -īre, -īvī, [nē+queo, necessity.

be able), not to be able, be necessitūdē, -inis, [necesse], f., unable, cannot.

necessity, need, financial straits. nēquiquam, [nē + old abl. of neco, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, (NEC, quisquam], adv., in vain, to

kill], kill, slay, murder, put no purpose. to death, execute.

Nero, -ōnis, m., name of a famnefandus, -a, -um, [nē+fandus, ily in the Claudian gens ; Ti.

to be uttered], adj., unspeaka- Claudius Nero, a senator in

ble, infamous, abominable. B.C. 63, was the grandfather nefārius, -a, -um, [nefās, im- of the Emperor Tiberius.

piety], adj., infamous, exe- nē-sciò, -ire, -īvi or - i7, -ītus, not crable, nefarious, outrageous, know, be ignorant; nēscio an, dastardly.

I know not but, I am inclined neglegentia, -ae, [neglegēns, to think, probably.

heedless], f., negligence, care- nē-ve or neu, conj., and not, lessness.

nor; and that .

not, and neglego, -ere, -lēxi (lēgī), -lēc

lest. tus, [nec + legő], neglect, dis- nī, [na, no], conj., if not, regard, despise.

unless. negotior, -ārī, -ātus sum, [ne- nihil, indecl., and nihilum, -i,

gātium], engage in business, [nē + hilum, trifle], n., nothtrade.

ing; nihil, acc. as adv., not negotiosus, -a, -um, [negotium], at all, not; nihil reliqui fa

adj., occupied with business, cere, leave nothing ; nihilo busy.

minus, nevertheless. negotium, -i, [nec + ātium], n., nihil-dum, indecl. n., nothing as

business, occupation, under- yet. taking, enterprise, commission, nimis, adv., too much, too. task ; affair, matter ; emer- nimium, [nimius, excessive], adv., gency, difficulty; pl., business too much, too. transactions, business inter- nisi, [nē + sī], conj., if ... not, ests.

unless, except. nēmā, —, nēmīnī, gen. and abl. nitidus, -a, -um, adj., shining,

sing., and all the pl. supplied glistening, sleek. by forms from nūllus, [nē + nītor, -ī, nīsus or nixus sum, homo], m. and f., no one, no- struggle, strive ; press forbody; as adj., no.

ward. nepos, -õtis, m., (grandson); Nõbilior, -āris, [nobilis), m., spendthrift, prodigal.

name of a Roman family in neque and nec, [nē, not + -que), the Fulvian gens; M. Fulvius

adv. and conj., and not, nor, Nobilior, of the equestrian

order, was one of Catiline's | noster, -tra, -trum, [nös], poss. conspirators.

pron. adj., our, of ours. nõbilis, -e, [Gno, know], adj., nõtus, -a, -um, (part. of nõsco),

well-known; high-born, of no adj., known. ble birth, of high rank; as November, -bris, -bre, [novem], noun, nobilis, -is, m., aristo adj., of November, November.

crat, nobleman, noble. novissumē, [novissumus], adv., nobilitās, -ātis, [nobilis], f., very recently.

distinction ; the nobility, no- novitās, -ātis, [novos], f., rarebles.

ness, strangeness; unusual nocturnus, -a, -um, [nox], adj., character.

by night, at night, nocturnal, novo, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, [novos], night.

attempt to overthrow the govnõlõ, nõlle, nolui,

— [nē +

ernment, effect a revolution. volő], not to wish, be unwill- novos (-us), -a, -um, adj., new, ing, dislike ; nõlīte existu unheard of, unprecedented ; māre, do not think.

strange, unexpected ; novae nõmen, -inis, [Gno, know], n., tabulae, cancellation of debts;

name, title, signature ; pre novae rēs, revolution; novom text, motive, reason, grounds; bellum, war in a new field ; authority, responsibility, re homo novos, the first of a quest, order; account.

family to obtain a curule ofnomino, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [no fice, upstart.

men], name, call by name, nox, noctis, [noc, kill], f., night. address, mention, talk of, re- nūbo, -ere, nūpsī, nūptus, [nvb, mind; accuse.

veil], with dat., marry (a man). nõn [for old noenum = nē + Nūcerīnus, -ī, [Nūceria], m., a ūnum], adv., not.

citizen of Nuceria, a city in Nõnae, -ārum, (nõnus, ninth], Campania.

f. pl., the Nones, the ninth nūdus, -a, -um, adj., bare; vaday before the Ides, and there cant. fore the fifth day of the month, nūllus, -a, -um, gen. nūllīus, dat. except in March, May, July, nūllī, [nē + ūllus], adj., not and October, when they fell

any, no. upon the seventh.

numerus, -ī, [nvm, allot], m., nõn-dum, adv., not yet.

number; list. non-ne, inter. adv., expects af- numquam, [nē+umquam], adv.,

firmative answer, not ? nõn-nullus, -2, -um, adj., some. nunc, [num + -ce], adv., now, nõsco, -ere, nāvī, nātus, [GNO, at this time; under these cir

know], (become acquainted cumstances, in view of this. with); in perf. tenses, be ac- nūntio, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [nūnquainted with, know.

tius], report, make known, nos-met, see -met.



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