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prehension, anxiety, alarm,| miserābilis, -e, [miseror], adj., terror. pitiable, deplorable. misereor, -ērī, -itus sum, [miser], with gen., pity, take compassion on.

meus, -a, -um, [мa, me], poss. pron. adj., my, mine, my own, of mine.

mīles, -itis, [MIL, associate], m., | miseria, -ae, [miser], f., wretchedness, misery, woe, trouble, distress.

soldier, common soldier, priIvate; soldiery, army. militāris, -e, [miles], adj., of a soldier, of war, military, warlike, soldierly; rēs militāris, art of war; homō militāris, experienced soldier. mīlitia, -ae, [mīles], f., military service; locat., militiae, in the army, in the field, abroad. mīlle, indecl. adj. in sing., in pl.,. noun, milia, -ium, [MIL, associate], n., a thousand. minae, -ārum, [MIN, project], f. | mittō, -ere, mīsī, missus, [MIT,

miseror, -ārī, -ātus sum, [miser], lament, mourn over, bewail, deplore.

Mithridaticus, -a, -um, [Mithridātēs], adj., of Mithridates, Mithridatic.

pl., threats, menaces. minitor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [freq. from minor], with dat.,threaten. minor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [minae], threaten.

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misericordia, -ae, [misericors], f., pity, compassion, mercy. misericors, -cordis, [miser+cor, heart], adj., merciful, compassionate.

send], send, despatch. mixtus, -a, -um, [part. of misceō], adj., mixed, heteroge


mobilitas, -ātis, [mōbilis, movable], f., fickleness, sudden impulse.

moderatus, -a, -um, [part. of moderor], adj., self-controlled; nihil moderātī habēre, exercise no self-control whatever. moderor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [mo

dus], with dat., set bounds, control, restrain. modestia, -ae, [modestus], f., moderation, self-restraint, selfcontrol; honor, dignity, character.

modestus, -a, -um, [modus], adj.,

modest, unassuming.

modo, [abl. of modus], adv. and conj.:

(1) As adv., only, merely, but, just; nōn .. modo, sed,

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manner, mode, way; pl., character, characteristics, principles, morals, civilization. mōtus, -ūs, [moveō], m., movement, disturbance, commotion, uprising.

not only... but; modo..

modo, now
tum modo, only.

now; tan

(2) As conj., if only, provided; dum modo, provided. modus, -1, [MAD, measure], m., moderation; bound, limit; way, means; manner, kind, sort, form, fashion, style, class, character; ōrātiō hūiusce modi, oration to this effect, as follows; eius modi, of such a kind, such; in urbium modum, on the scale of cities.

moenia, -ium, [ìv, shut], n. pl., (defensive) walls, city walls; walled city.

mōlēs, -is, f., mass, weight, burden.

multō, [abl. of multus], adv., much, by far, very.

mōlior, -īrī, -ītus sum, [mōlēs], set in motion, labor upon. molliō, -īre, -īvī, -ītus, [mollis], soften; enervate.

multō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [multa, a fine], punish.

mollis, -e, adj., pliant, plastic; multum, [multus], adv., much, tender; agreeable.

molliter, [mollis], adv., luxuriously.

mollitia, -ae, [mollis], f., weakness, irresolution.

greatly, frequently; comp., plūs, more; plūs posse, be more powerful, accomplish more; superl., plūrumum or plurimum, most; plūrumum posse, be most powerful, be most effective.

moneō, -ēre, -ui, -itus, [MEN, mind], advise, warn; suggest, counsel.

mōns, montis, [MAN, tower], m., mountain.

multus, -a, -um, adj., much, many; comp., plūs, more; plūris facere, esteem more highly; superl., plūrumus or plūrimus, most, very many.

mora, -ae, [SMAR, think], f., delay.


mors, mortis, [MAR, die], f.,

mortālis, -e, [mors], adj., mor-
tal; as noun, mortālis, -is,
mortal, human being, man.
mōs, mōris, m., custom, practice;

morbus, -ī, [MAR, die], m., dis- Mulvius, -a, -um, adj., Mulvian; pōns Mulvius, the Mulvian bridge, built by M. Aemilius Scaurus, the censor, in B.C. 109, which crossed the Tiber two miles north of Rome, on the Via Flaminia; now Ponte Molle.

moveō, -ēre, mōvī, mōtus, [MOV,
move], move, set in motion;
remove, expel; disturb, con-
cern, trouble; castra movere,
break camp; iocum movēre,
crack a joke.
muliebris, -e, [mulier], adj.,
mulier, -eris, f., woman.
multitūdō, -inis, [multus], f.,
great number, multitude, host;
crowd, body of men; mob,

municeps, -cipis, [mūnia, public duties + CAP, take], m. and f., citizen of a municipality or free town. mūnicipium, -ī, [mūniceps], n., free town or city, municipality, which, being annexed to Rome, lost its sovereignty, but retained local self-government. mūnificentia, -ae, [mūnificus, bountiful], f., munificence, generosity.

mūniō, -īre, -ivi or -i, -ītus, [moenia], fortify, protect, secure, guard.

mūnītus, -a, -um, [part. of mūniō], adj., fortified, protected,


mūnus, -eris, [MV, shut], n., service; pl., public exhibition, public games, show of gladia


Murēna, -ae, m., name of a

Roman family in the Licinian gens; C. Licinius Murena was acting governor of Cisalpine Gaul in B.C. 63, in place of his brother Lucius, who went to Rome as candidate for the consulship of the following year. mūrus, -i, [MV, shut], m., wall, rampart.

mūtō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. from moveō], change, alter; exchange.

mūtuus, -a, -um, [mūtō], adj., borrowed; sumptus mutuus, procured as a loan.


nam, conj., introducing an explanation or a reason, for. nam-que, conj., a strengthened

nam, for indeed, and in fact, for you see, for. nanciscor, -ī, nactus or nanctus sum, [NAC, get], get, obtain. nārrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [for gnārigō from gnārus, knowing], tell, relate, narrate, recount. nāscor, -ī, nātus sum, [GNA, be

get], with abl., be born. nātiō, -ōnis, [GNA, beget], f.,

tribe, people, race, nation. nātūra, -ae, [GNA, beget], f., nature; natural inclination or disposition; temper, charac

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adj., necessary, needful; necesse est, one should. necessitās, -ātis, [necesse], f., nequeō, -īre, -īvī,

nor yet, but not; neque.
neque, neither. nor.
- [nē+ queō,

be able], not to be able, be
unable, cannot.

nēquiquam, [nē + old abl. of
quisquam], adv., in vain, to
no purpose.

Nerō, -ōnis, m., name of a fam-
ily in the Claudian gens; Ti.
Claudius Nerō, a senator in
B.C. 63, was the grandfather
of the Emperor Tiberius.
nē-sciō, -ire, -īvī or -ii, -ītus, not
know, be ignorant; nēsciō an,
I know not but, I am inclined
to think, probably.

neglegentia, -ae, [neglegēns,

heedless], f., negligence, care-nē-ve or neu, conj., and not, lessness.

nor; and that .

not, and


necessitūdō, -inis, [necesse], f.,

necessity, need, financial straits. necō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [NEC, kill], kill, slay, murder, put to death, execute. nefandus, -a, -um, [nē+fandus, to be uttered], adj., unspeakable, infamous, abominable. nefārius, -a, -um, [nefās, impiety], adj., infamous, execrable, nefarious, outrageous, dastardly.

neglegō, -ere, -lēxi (lēgī), -lēc

tus, [nec + legō], neglect, disregard, despise. negōtior, -ārī, -ātus sum, [negōtium], engage in business, trade. negōtiōsus, -a, -um, [negōtium], adj., occupied with business, busy.

negōtium, -ī, [nec + ōtium], n., business, occupation, undertaking, enterprise, commission, task; affair, matter; emergency, difficulty; pl., business transactions, business inter


nēmō, —, nēmīnī, gen. and abl.
sing., and all the pl. supplied
by forms from nūllus, [nē +
homō], m. and f., no one, no-
body; as adj., no.
nepōs, -ōtis, m., (grandson);
spendthrift, prodigal.
neque and nec, [nē, not + -que],
adv. and conj., and not, nor,

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nī, [NA, no], conj., if not,
nihil, indecl., and nihilum, -ī,
[nē + hilum, trifle], n., noth-
ing; nihil, acc. as adv., not
at all, not; nihil reliqui fa-
cere, leave nothing; nihilō
minus, nevertheless.
nihil-dum, indecl. n., nothing as
nimis, adv., too much, too.
nimium, [nimius, excessive], adv.,
too much, too.

nisi, [nē + sī], conj., iƒ. not,
unless, except.

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nitidus, -a, -um, adj., shining, glistening, sleek.

nitor, -ī, nīsus or nixus sum, struggle, strive; press forward.

Nōbilior, -ōris, [nōbilis], m., name of a Roman family in the Fulvian gens; M. Fulvius Nobilior, of the equestrian

nōbilis, -e, [GNO, know], adj., well-known; high-born, of noble birth, of high rank; as noun, nōbilis, -is, m., aristocrat, nobleman, noble. nōbilitās, -ātis, [nōbilis], f., distinction; the nobility, nobles.

order, was one of Catiline's | noster, -tra, -trum, [nōs], poss. conspirators. pron. adj., our, of ours. nōtus, -a, -um, [part. of nōscō], adj., known. November, -bris, -bre, [novem], adj., of November, November. novissumē, [novissumus], adv., very recently.

novitās, -ātis, [novos], f., rareness, strangeness; unusual character.

nocturnus, -a, -um, [nox], adj., by night, at night, nocturnal, night.

novō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [novos], attempt to overthrow the government, effect a revolution. novos (-us), -a, -um, adj., new, unheard of, unprecedented; strange, unexpected; novae tabulae, cancellation of debts; novae rēs, revolution; novom bellum, war in a new field; homō novos, the first of a family to obtain a curule office, upstart.

nōlō, nōlle, nolui, —, [nē +
volō], not to wish, be unwill-
ing, dislike; nōlite ex tu-
māre, do not think.
nōmen, -inis, [GNO, know], n.,
name, title, signature; pre-
text, motive, reason, grounds;
authority, responsibility, re-
quest, order; account.
nōminō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [nō-
men], name, call by name,
address, mention, talk of, re-
mind; accuse.

nōn [for old noenum = nē + Nūcerīnus, -ī, [Nūceria], m., a

ūnum], adv., not.

citizen of Nuceria, a city in Campania.

nūdus, -a, -um, adj., bare; va


firmative answer, not? nōn-nullus, -a, -um, adj., some. nōscō, -ere, nōvī, nōtus, [GNO, know], (become acquainted with); in perf. tenses, be acquainted with, know. nōs-met, see -met.

nox, noctis, [NOC, kill], f., night. nūbō, -ere, nūpsī, nūptus, [NVB,

veil], with dat., marry (a man).

Nōnae, -ārum, [nōnus, ninth],

f. pl., the Nones, the ninth day before the Ides, and therefore the fifth day of the month, except in March, May, July, and October, when they fell upon the seventh. nōn-dum, adv., not yet. nōn-ne, inter. adv., expects af- numquam, [nē+umquam], adv.,

nullus, -a, -um, gen. nūllīus, dat. nūlli, [nē + ūllus], adj., not any, no.

numerus, -1, [NVм, allot], m., number; list.


nunc, [num +-ce], adv., now, at this time; under these circumstances, in view of this. nūntiō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [nūntius], report, make known, inform.

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