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nūntius, -ī, m., messenger; news, | ob-sīdō, -ere, —, [sīdō, sit down], beset, invest, blockade, watch.

tidings.

obstinātus, -a, -um, [part. of

-"

obstinō, persist], adj., determined, obstinate, stubborn. ob-stō, -āre, -stitī, with dat., stand in the way, withstand, stand opposed, be at variance with, oppose, prevent. ob-strepō, -ere, -uī, -, [strepō, roar], cry out against, drown

out.

nuper, [novos+per], adv., lately,
recently.
nuptiae, -ārum, [nūpta, bride],
f. pl., marriage, wedding, nup-
tials.

nūsquam, [nē + usquam, any-
where], adv., nowhere.

0.

ō, interjection, O! oh!

ob, prep. with acc., towards; on ob-stupefaciō, -ere, -fēcī, -factus, account of, for. [stupefacio, stupefy], amaze,

astound.

ob- in composition, (usually assimilated before c, f, g, p),

ob-testor, -ārī, -ātus sum, entreat, beseech, implore, adjure.

towards, before, against. ob-eō, -īre, -īvī or -ii, -itus, go obtineō, -ēre, -ui, -tentus, [ob+ about, attend to.

obliviscor, -i, oblitus sum, with gen., forget; part., oblitus, -a, -um, forgetting, forgetful. ob-noxius, -a, -um, [noxius,

harmful], adj., with dat., submissive, compliant, under obligations, dependent, at the mercy of.

scurus], render obscure. obscurus, -a, -um, [ob + scv, hide], adj., obscure, humble, mean; in obscūrō, in obscurity. obses, -idis, [ob + SED, sit], m.

and f., hostage, pledge, security,

assurance.

ob-viam, adv., in the way; ob

viam īre, with dat., go to meet. occasiō, -ōnis, [ob + CAD, fall],

f., opportunity, chance; per occasionem, when opportunity offered.

occasus, -ūs, [ob + CAD, fall], m., setting.

occīdō, -ere, -cīdī, -cīsus, [ob + caedo, cut], kill, slay.

oboediens, -entis, [part. of oboediō = ob + audiō], adj., with dat., obedient. obscūrē, [obscūrus], adv., ob- occidō, -ere, -cidī, -cāsus, [ob + scurely, vaguely. cado], fall, perish, be slain. obscurō, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, [ob- occulte, [occultus], adv., in concealment, in secret, secretly. occulto, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. from occulo, conceal], conceal, hide.

obsideō, -ēre, -sēdī, -sessus, [ob + sedeō, sit], beset, lie in wait for; occupy.

teneō], get possession of, acquire, obtain.

occultus, -a, -um, [part. of oc

culo, conceal], adj., concealed, hidden.

occupō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ob + CAP, take], take possession of, seize.

occurrō, -ere, -currī, -cursus, [ob + currō], engage in, undertake.

officiō, -ere, -fēci, -fectus, [ob + facio], with dat., obstruct, stand in the way of, hinder, stop.

officium, -1, [for opificium, opus + FAC, make], n., duty, part; employment.

octō, indecl. num. adj., eight. oculus, -ī, [AC, sharp], m., eye;

in oculis, before one's eyes. ōdī, ōdisse, def., hate. odium, -ī, n., hatred, detesta- opprimō, -ere, -pressī, -pressus,

tion.

odor, -ōris, [OD, smell], m., smell, stench.

[ob + premō], overwhelm, overpower, crush, overthrow, subdue; take by surprise, surprise, cut off.

offerō, -ferre, obtulī, oblātus,
[ob+ferō], bring before, offer,
present.

oppūgnō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ob
+ pūgnō], attack, assail.
ops, opis, [or, work], f., aid, help,

onus, oneris, n., burden.
opera, -ae, [opus], f., work, ser-

vices, assistance; operae pre-
tium est, it is worth while;
dare operam, use every effort,
take care, endeavor.

opifex, -icis, [opus+FAC, make], m. and f., workman, mechanic, artisan.

opitulor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [ops

+TOL, lift], with dat., relieve. oportet, -ēre, -uit, impers., it be

optō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, wish for,

desire, long for, pray for. omittō, -ere, omīsī, omissus, [ob optumus (optimus), see bonus. + mittō], let fall, drop, lay opulentia, -ae, [opulēns, wealthy], aside; pass over. f., wealth, resources, strength. omninō, [omnis], adv., alto- opulentus, -a, -um, [opēs], adj.,

gether, generally.

wealthy, powerful.

omnis, -e, adj., all, every, the opus, -eris, [op, work], n., work; whole. with abl., need, necessity, necessary; māgnō opere, greatly, heartily.

hooves, one ought. oportūnitās, -ātis, [oportūnus],

nient, suitable, serviceable, favorable, opportune. opperior, -īrī, -pertus sum, [ob + PER, try], wait for, await. oppōnō, -ere, -posui, -positus, [ob + pōnō], set against, con

trast.

f., opportunity, advantage. oportūnus, -a, -um, adj., conve

support, assistance; power, might, strength, influence; pl., means, property, wealth, re

sources.

ōrātiō, -ōnis, [ōrō, speak], f., speech, oration.

orbis, -is, m., circle; terrarum

orbis, circle of the world, the whole earth or world. ōrdō, -inis, [OR, rise], m., line

or rank of soldiers; class of citizens; of the senate, order, body; ordine, in proper order; recte atque ordine, giving heed to propriety and precedent. Orestilla, -ae, f., a female cōgnomen; Aurelia Orestilla was Catiline's second wife.

with dat.,

orior, -īrī, ortus sum, [or, rise], | pāreō, -ēre, -uī, arise; be born, be descended, obey, follow, be guided by, be subject to, depend on.

spring.

ōrnāmentum, -ī, [ōrnō, fit out], pariēs, -etis, m., wall (of a n., equipment.

house).

ōrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [ōs], beg, pariō, -ere, peperī, partus, [PAR,
entreat, beseech, solicit.
breed], beget, produce; ac-
quire, secure.

ortus, -ūs, [orior], m., rising.
ōs, ōris, [os, mouth], n., face,
countenance.

ostendō, -ere, -tendi, -tentus,
[obs, for ob + tendō], show,
point out, display.
ōtium, -ī, n., leisure; ease, inac-
tivity, disuse, idleness; quiet,
peace.

P.

P., abbreviation for Publius, a
Roman forename.
pācō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [pāx],
pacify, subdue; male pācāta,
ill-subdued, still rebellious.
pactiō, -ōnis, [paciscor, agree to-
gether], f., agreement, stipula-
tion, bargain.

paene, adv., almost, nearly.
Palātium, -ī, [Palēs, Italian god-
dess of shepherds], n., the
Palatine, a strongly fortified
hill, adjacent to the Forum.
pār, paris, adj., equal, alike.
parātus, -a, -um, [part. of parō],

adj., prepared, ready, resolute; as noun, parāta, -ōrum, n. pl., preparations.

parco, ere, peperci or parsī,
parsus, [SPAR, scatter], with
dat., spare.

parcus, -a, -um, [SPAR, scatter],
adj., frugal, thrifty.
parēns, entis, [part. of pariō],
m. and f., father, mother,
parent.

parō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, prepare, make ready, make preparations, provide, plan; acquire, obtain, secure.

parricīda, -ae, [pater + CAED,

kill], m., parricide; murderer, assassin, cut-throat; traitor. pars, partis, [PAR, part], f., portion, part; pl., party, partisanship; side, direction; māxuma pars, the majority ; pars alii or aliī pars, some... others. particeps, -cipis, [pars + CAP, take], adj., with gen., participating in, associated in, concerned in, privy to; as noun, particeps, -cipis, m., participant, associate.

partim, [old acc. of pars], adv., partly; partim . partim, some . . others, partly . partly.

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parum, [SPAR, scatter], adv., lit-
tle, too little, not sufficiently;
comp., minus, less, not; quō
minus, the less; obstāre quō
minus, prevent from; causa
quo minus, reason why . .
not; superl., minumē, least,
least of all, not at all, by no
means, far from it.
parvus, -a, -um, [PAV, little],
adj., little, small, insignifi-
cant, humble, scanty; parvī
pendere, regard of little value

or consequence; comp., minor, smaller, less, minor, lesser, less important; insufficient, inadequate; superl., minumus, least. pāstor, -ōris, [PA, feed], m.,

herdsman, shepherd. patefacio, -ere, feci, -factus, [pateō + faciō], disclose, dis

cover.

pateō, -ēre, -ui, -, [PAT, open],
lie open, be thrown open; be
shown, be displayed.
pater, tris, [PA, feed], m.,
father; pl., senators (see cōn-
scriptus), patricians.
patera, -ae, [PAT, open], f., bowl,
libation-bowl.

patiēns, -entis, [part. of patior], adj., with gen., capable of enduring.

paucus, -a, -um, [PAV, little], adj., chiefly used in pl., few; as noun, pauci, -ōrum, m., a few men, the few, the oli

garchy, the aristocracy; pauca, -ōrum, n., a few things, a few words; paucis, briefly. paulātim, [paulum], adv., little by little, by degrees, gradually. paulō, [paulus, little], adv., a little, somewhat; post paulō, a short time afterwards, a little later; paulo ante, a little while ago, a little before. Paulus, -ī, m., name of a family in the Aemilian gens; L. Aemilius Paulus, brother of the triumvir Lepidus, charged Catiline with plotting against the public peace. paululum, [paululus, very little], adv., a very little, a little, slightly.

paulum, [paulus, little], adv., a little.

paupertas, -ātis, [pauper, poor], f., poverty.

tremble at,

pāx, pācis, [PAC, fix], f., peace. peccātum, -i, [peccō], n., mistake, blunder.

patior, -ī, passus sum, endure;

allow, permit, suffer.

patria, -ae, [patrius], f., father

land, native country, country. | paveō, -ēre, pāvī, —, patricius, -a, -um, [pater], adj., be startled at.

of the patres or senators, patrician, noble; as noun, patricius, -ī, m., a patrician, a noble. patrimonium, -ī, [pater], n.,

inheritance, patrimony. patrius, -a, -um, [pater], adj., paternal, ancestral. patrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, bring to pass, make possible, accomplish, succeed in; perpetrate. patrocinium, -ī, [patrōcinor, be a patron], n., protection, defence; patronage. paucitās, -ātis, [paucus], f., the pedester, -tris, -tre, [pēs], adj.,

few, a handful.

on foot; pedestrēs cōpiae, infantry.

peccō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, do wrong, commit a crime.

pectus, -oris, n., breast; heart, mind.

pecunia, -ae, [pecus], f., wealth

(originally cattle), property, riches, money, sum of money. pecus, -oris, n., cattle. pedes, -itis, [pēs], m., footsoldi

pellō, -ere, pepuli, pulsus, [PEL, drive], drive; drive back, press hard.

m.,

pendō, -ere, pependī, pēnsus, | perfuga, -ae, [per + FVG, flee],
[PAND, pull], weigh; weigh
deserter.
out in payment, pay; consider,
regard.

per-fugio, -ere, -fūgi, -, escape.
perfugium, -ī, [per + FVG, flee],
n., refuge.

pergō, -ere, perrēxi, perrĕctus,
[per + regō], proceed.
periculum, -ī, [PER, try], n.,

danger, peril, crisis.
periūrium, -ī, [periūrus (from
per + iūs), perjured], n., per-
jury.

per-legō, -ere, -lēgī, -lēctus, read
through, read.

per-misceō, -ēre, -ui, -mixtus,
mix (thoroughly).
per-mittō, -ere, -mīsī, -missus,
hand over, entrust, empower;
allow, permit.
per-moveō, -ēre, -mōvī, -mōtus,
move deeply, influence, rouse,
disturb, alarm.
per-multus, -a, -um, adj., very
much; pl., very many, in great
numbers.
perniciēs, -ēī, [per + NEC, kill],
f., destruction.

pēnsum, -i, [n. of part. of pendō],
n., weight, importance, scru-
ple; quicquam pēnsī habēre,
care a straw for, have any re-
gard at all for.

per, prep. with acc., through; of
space, through, over, through-
out, along, among; of time,
during, in time of, at the time
of; of agency, through, by the
hands of, by the agency of;
per se, of one's self, person-
ally, of itself; of means or
manner, by, by means of, by
reason of; of oaths, by, in the
name of.

per- in composition, through,

thoroughly, perfectly, very.
percellō, -ere, -culī, -culsus, [per

+ unused cellō, beat], smite,
strike; strike with consterna-
tion; part., perculsus, panic-
stricken.

percontor, -ārī, -ātus sum, ask

particularly, question, inquire.
perditus, -a, -um, [part. of per-

dō], adj., ruined, desperate,
abandoned.

per-dō, -dere, -didī, -ditus, ruin,
destroy.

per-dūcō, -ere, -duxi, -ductus,
lead, bring, conduct.
peregrinor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [pe-
regrinus (from per+ager),
foreign], travel in a foreign
land.

per-eō, -ire, -ii or -īvī, -itūrus,
(pass away), perish, die.
per-ferō, -ferre, -tuli, -lātus,
bear, carry; report.

per-pellō, -ere, -pulī, -pulsus,
constrain, prevail upon.
perpetior, -i, -pessus sum, [per

+patior], endure.
perpetuus, -a, -um, [per + Pat,
go], adj., lasting.
per-scribō, -ere, -scrīpsī, -scrīp-
tus, write in full.
per-sequor, -i, -secūtus sum, pur-

sue; avenge, punish.
Persēs, -ae, [IIépons], m., Perses

or Perseus, the last king of
Macedonia, who was utterly
defeated by L. Aemilius Pau-
lus at Pydna, B.C. 168.
per-solvō, -ere, -solvī, -solūtus,
pay (in full), liquidate.

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