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tus, [quiescō, rest], rest, find re-stō, -āre, -stitī, -, remain,

be left.

reticeō, -ēre, -uī,
—, [re + ta-
ceo], keep silence, be silent;
keep secret, conceal.
retineō, -ēre, -ui, -tentus, [re
+ teneō], keep, retain, pre-

rest. re-quirō, -ere, -quisīvi, -quisītus, [re + quaerō], ask, inquire. rēs, reī, [RA, count], f., thing, matter, affair, fact, circumstance, condition, fortune, state, situation, present, position, occupation; experience, result; deed, act, action; measure, `proceeding; occasion, opportunity; plan, scheme, plot, conspiracy, crisis; enumeration, narrative, intelligence, disclosure, charge; rēs militāris, art of war; rēs geritur, the battle is waged; novae rēs, revolution; mala rēs, crime; rēs capitālis, capital crime; rēs familiāris, property, means; secundae rēs, prosperity; rēs gestae, achievements, history; cētera rēs, course of events; id quod res habet, and it is certainly a fact; in rem esse, be useful, serve one's purpose; ex rē habēre, regard as real; rēs pūblica, see publicus. re-sistō, -ere, -stitī, [sistō, cause to stand], with dat., withstand, oppose, resist. re-spondeō, -ēre, -spondī, -spōnsus, [spondeo, promise], reply, answer; of soothsayers, declare in a response; correspond, be a match for. respōnsum, -ī, [part. of respon

deō], n., response, reply. rēs pūblica, see publicus. re-stinguō, -ere, -nxi, -nctus, [stinguo, put out], extinguish, quench.

restituō, -ere, -ui, -ūtus, [re + statuō], restore.


re-trahō, -ere, -trāxī, -trāctus,

drag back, bring back. reus, -ī, [rēs], m., defendant (in a legal action), one accused, charged with, brought to trial. re-vocō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, call back, recall; order to withdraw.

(re-vortō, -ere), -vorti, —, used principally in the perf. stem, return.

rēx, rēgis, [REG, guide], m., king.

Rēx, Rēgis, m., name of a family in the Marcian gens; Q. Március Rex, see Mārcius.

Rhodius, -a, -um, [Rhodus,

Rhodes], adj., of Rhodes; as noun, Rhodii, -ōrum, m. pl., the Rhodians, the people of Rhodes, an important island off the coast of Asia Minor. rōbur, -oris, n., (hard wood, oak), strength.

rõbustus, -a, -um, [rōbur], adj.,

strong, vigorous, robust. rogitō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq.

from rogō], keep asking questions, make constant inquiries. rogō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, ask, beg, request, appeal to. Roma, -ae, f., Rome. Rōmānus, -a, -um, [Rōma], adj., Roman; as noun, Rōmānī, -ōrum, m. pl., the Romans. Rūfus, -ī, [rūfus, red], m., name

saevus, -a, -um, adj., cruel, harsh. Sallustius, see Introduction. saltō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. from saliō, leap], dance.

of a Roman family; Q. Pompēius Rufus, see Pompeius. ruïna, -ae, [RV, fall], f., ruin, destruction. rūmor, -ōris, [RV, sound], m., salūs, -ūtis, f., health, welfare, rumor, report. safety, preservation, life. rumpō, -ere, rūpī, ruptus, [RVP, salūtō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [salūs], break], burst, break. greet, salute; pay one's respects to.

rūpēs, -is, [RVP, break], f., rock, cliff.

salvus, -a, -um, [SAL, save], adj., (whole); financially sound,


rursus, [for revorsus, part. of revortō], adv., again, in turn; on the contrary, notwithstanding.

rūsticus, -a, -um, [rūs, country], adj., rural; as noun, rūsticus, -i, m., countryman, rustic.


sacer, -cra, -crum, [SAC, fasten],
adj., sacred, holy.
sacerdos, -ōtis, [sacer+DA, give],
m. and f., priest, priestess.
sacerdotium, -1, [sacerdōs], n.,

priesthood, priestly office. sacrarium, -i, [sacrum],n.,shrine. sacrilegus, -a, -um, [sacer+LEG, gather], adj., 'that steals sacred things; as noun, sacrilegus, -Ī, m., impious man, sacrilegious person.

sacrum, -1, [sacer], n., rite, sac

rifice, ceremony.
Saenius, -ī, m., a Roman name;
L. Saenius was a senator in
B.C. 63.

saepe, adv., often, frequently. saepe-numerō, adv., again and

Samnītēs, -ium, [Samnium], m. pl., Samnites, people of Samnium, a mountainous country of Central Italy, east of Latium and Campania.

sancio, -īre, sānxi, sānctus, [SAC,

fasten], make sacred, ordain; forbid under penalty, make it an offence.

sānē, [sānus, sound], adv., indeed, doubtless, by all means, certainly; haud or nihil sānē, not at all; haud sänē alius, very similar; in concessions, for all I care.

Sanga, -ae, m., name of a Roman family in the Fabian gens; Q. Fabius Sanga was the patron of the Allobroges. sanguis, -inis, m., blood, lifeblood.

sapiens, entis, [part. of sapiō, taste of], adj., wise, discreet, sensible.

sapientia, -ae, [sapiēns], f., wis

dom, discretion, good sense. satelles, -itis, m. and f., attendant, accomplice.

again, repeatedly.

saeviō, -īre, -iī, -ītus, [saevus], satis, adv., enough, sufficiently,

be furious, rage. saevitia, -ae, [saevus], f., savageness, barbarity, inhumanity.

quite, altogether, fully; often as noun with partitive gen., enough, sufficient.

satisfactiō, -õnis, [satis + FAC, | sēdēs, -is, [SED, sit], f., habitamake], f., explanation, justification.

Sāturnālia, -ōrum, [Sāturnus],

n. pl., the Saturnalia, festival of Saturn, beginning on the 17th of December and lasting several days.

scelerātus, -a, -um, [part. of scelerō, pollute], wicked, infamous; as noun, scelerātus, -ī, m., scoundrel, villain. scelestus, -a, -um, [scelus], adj., wicked, crime-stained, infamous, unhallowed, accursed. scelus, -eris, n., crime, wicked

sēdō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [SED, sit], still, calm, allay; settle, check, stop.

saucius, -a, -um, adj., wounded, semet, acc. of reflex. pron. sui weakened. + intensive suffix -met. semper, [SEM, together + per], adv., always, at all times, all the time, forever. Sempronius, -a, name of a Roman gens; Sempronia, the wife of D. Junius Brutus, was an unprincipled woman who was interested in Catiline's conspiracy.


scilicet, [for scire licet, you may

know], adv., certainly, doubtless, unquestionably; often ironically, of course, to be sure. sciō, scire, scīvi, scītus, know, have knowledge of. scortum, -ī, n., harlot. scrībō, -ere, scripsi, scriptus, [SCARP, cut], write, write out, record; enroll, levy, enlist. scrīnium, -ī, n., letter case. scriptor, -ōris, [scrībō], m.,

writer, recorder, historian. sē- or sēd- in composition, apart. sē-cēdō, -ere, -cessi, -cessus,

withdraw; secede. secundus, -a, -um, [sequor], adj.,

(following), favorable, successful; secundae rēs, prosperity. securis, -is, [SEC, split], f., axe; as a symbol, authority, supremacy.

sed, conj., but, but also, but even; now; and yet, yet, however, still.

tion, home, abode. sēditiō, -ōnis, [sēd-, apart + 1, go], f., insurrection, sedition.

senator, -ōris, [SEN, old], m., senator, member of the Roman senate.

senātōrius, -a, -um, [senātor], adj., of a senator, senatorial. senātus, -ūs and -ī, [SEN, old],

m., the Senate (of Rome). senex, senis, [SEN, old], adj.,

old; as noun, senex, senis, m., old man. sententia, -ae, [SENT, feel], f.,

opinion, judgment, view, expression of opinion, vote. sentina, -ae, f., (bilge water),

cess-pool, sink, sewer. sentiō, -īre, sēnsī, sēnsus, [SENT,

feel], feel, perceive, know; think, believe; hold a view; contra sentire, entertain disloyalty towards. sēparātim, [sēparātus, part. of sē-parō], adv., separately, individually, severally. Septimius, -a, [septem, seven], name of a Roman gens; Septi

mius, an inhabitant of Cameri- | sī, conj., iƒ. num, aided Catiline in the district of Picenum. sequor, -ī, secutus sum, [SEC, follow], follow, pursue; strive after, seek; accede to, adopt, cherish.

Sibyllinus, -a, -um, [Sibylla,
Sibyl], adj., Sibylline.

sic, [si + -ce], adv., thus, as fol-
sīcārius, -ī, [sīca, dagger], m.,
assassin, cut-throat.

Ser., abbreviation for Servius, a sic-ut or sīc-utī, adv., just as,
Roman forename.
as according as, as though; as
sermō, -ōnis, [SER, bind], m., well as, like; as if, under pre-
speech, talk, words, conversa- tence of.

servīlis, -e, [servus], adj., ser

sīgnātor, -ōris, [sīgnō], m., one who attests, witness; sīgnātor falsus, forger.

vile, slave; fit for slaves. serviō, -īre, -īvī or -ii, -ītus, [servus], be a slave; with dat., be a slave to, serve; court, humor, gratify. servitium, -ī, [servus], n., ser

sīgnō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [sīgnum], stamp with a seal, seal, affix a seal to.

vice, servitude; in pl., slaves. servitūs, -ūtis, [servus], f., slavery.

Servius, -1, [servus], m., Ser-
vius, a Roman forename.
servō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [SER,
save], save, preserve.

servus, -1, [SER, bind], m., slave.
sēstertia, -ōrum, [n. pl. of ses-

tertius, with omission of mīlia],
n. pl., thousands of sesterces,
see sestertius.
sēstertius, -a, -um, [for semis-
tertius, one half less than
three], num. adj., two and a
half; as noun, sestertius (sc.
nummus), -ī, m., sesterce, a
silver coin, originally 21 asses,
worth about 4 cents.

seu, see sive.
sevēritās, -ātis, [sevērus], f.,
seriousness, sternness, austere-

sīgnum, -i, n., sign; statue, pl., statuary; seal; in military language, standard of a cohort, hence by metonymy, cohort; signa relinquere, abandon the ranks; cum infēstīs sīgnīs, in a charge.

Sīlānus, -ī, m., name of a family in the Junian gens; D. Iūnius Sīlānus, D. Junius Silanus was consul in B.C. 62. silentium, -ī, [silēns, part. of

sileō], n., silence.

sileō, -ēre, -ui, —, be silent, pass
over in silence.
silvestris, -e, [silva, wood], adj.,

similis, -e, [SIM, together], with
dat., like, similar.
similitūdō, -inis, [similis], f.,


simul, [SIM, together], adv., at the same time, together, at once, simultaneously; and also, as well as; simul ac, as soon as.


sevērus, -a, -um, adj., severe, simulator, -ōris, [simulō], m., harsh.

feigner, pretender.

simulō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [simi- sollicitātiō, -ōnis, [sollicitō], f., lis], feign, pretend. inciting, instigation, tampering with.

simultās, -ātis, [simul], f., enmity.

sollicitō, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, [sollicitus, agitated], urge, incite to revolt, tamper with, approach, tempt.

on the left.

sinus, -ūs, m., (fold, fo

sin, [si + nē], conj., but if. sine, prep. with abl., without, free from, apart from, independently of. sōlum, [sōlus], adv., only, alone. singillātim, [singuli], adv., in- sõlus, -a, -um, gen. sōlius, dat. dividually, personally. singulī, -ae, -a, [SIM, together], adj., pl., one at a time, one by one, separately, individually. sinister, -tra, -trum, adj., left,

sõli, adj., only, alone. solūtus, -a, -um, [part. of solvō], adj., unrestrained.

of the toga about the breast), bosom. sitis, -is, f., thirst. Sittius, -a, name of a Roman gens; P. Sittius, a citizen of Nuceria, was accused of going to Mauretania in the interests of the Catilinarian conspiracy. situs, -a, -um, [part. of sinō,

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solvō, -ere, solvī, solūtus, [sē-+ luo, loose], pay, pay off, liquidate.

somnus, -I, [SOP, sleep], m., sleep, slumber.

sōns, sontis, adj., guilty; as
noun, sōns, sontis, m. and f.,
offender, criminal.
sparus, -i, m., hunting spear, a

small spear with barbed head.
spatium, -ī, [SPA, stretch], n.,
space, interval; time.
species, [SPEC, see], f., sight;
pretence, pretext, guise.
spectō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq.
from speciō, look], test, try,

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spērō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [spēs], hope, hope for.

spēs, spei, f., hope, hopes, expec

tation, future; pl., prospects. Spinther, -eris, m., a cōgnōmen in the family of the Lentuli; P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, aedile in B.C. 63, was a warm friend of Cicero. spīritus, -ūs, m., breath, the air. spīrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, breathe. spoliō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [spo

lium], strip; rob, plunder, despoil, deprive. spolium, -ī, n., plunder, spoil.

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