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once, immediately. Stator, ōris, [STA, stand], m., Stator, the Stayer, epithet of Jupiter, who stayed the flight of the Romans in their battle with the Sabines.

statuō, -ere, -ui, -ūtus, [status], set, fix, place, put; establish; resolve, determine, decide; decree, pass sentence, determine punishment.

status, -ūs, [STA, stand], m., position, rank; condition. stimulō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [stimu

lus, goad], spur, impcl. stīpātor, -ōris, [stipō, surround],

m., attendant; pl., body-guard. stipendium, -1, [stips, contribution + PAND, pull], n., tribute. stirps, stirpis, f., stock, root;

ab stirpe, root and branch. sto, stāre, stetī, status, [STA, stand], stand.

strēnuus, -a, -um, [STAR, stiff], adj., active, energetic, forceful, resolute.

Statilius, -i, m., name of a Roman gens; L. Statilius, of the equestrian order, was one of the most active of Catiline's followers; being arrested and tried, he was executed by order of the senate. statim, [STA, stand], adv., at sub- in composition, (often assimilated before m, r, and usually before c, f, g, p), under, beneath, up, away; somewhat, slightly; secretly, by stealth. sub-dolus, -a, -um, adj., crafty,

(2) With abl., under, below, at the foot of, at.

deceitful, sly.

sub-dūcō, -ere, -dūxī, -ductus,
draw away, withdraw.
sub-eō, -īre, -ii or -īvī, -itus,

undergo, submit to, endure. subiector, -ōris, [subiciō, forge], m., forger.

subigō, -ere, -ēgī, -āctus, [sub
+agō], bring under, subdue,
conquer, compel, impel.
subitō, [subitus, sudden], adv.,
suddenly, unexpectedly.
sublatus, see tollō.

sub-levō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, raise
up, assist, help, encourage.
subsellium, -i, [sub+sella, seat],

n., (low) bench, seat, form. subsidium, -ī, [sub + SED, sit],

n., reserve, reinforcement.
sub-vortō, -ere, -vorti, -vorsus,
overturn, destroy, level; over-
throw, subvert.

succedō, -ere, -cessi, -cessus,
[sub+cēdō], with dat., take
the place of, succeed.
succurrō, -ere, -currī, -cursus,
[sub + currō], with dat., run
to help, hasten to the aid of.
sudis, -is, f., stake.

studeō, -ēre, -uī,
- be eager
for, desire, be anxious; be
friendly, favor.

studium, -ī, n., zeal, eagerness,
inclination, desire, longing,
passion, pursuit.

stultus, -a, -um, [STOL, hard],
adj., foolish, silly.
stuprum, -ī, n., debauchery, act
of debauchery; intrigue; pros-

titution; stupri cōnsuētūdō,
illicit intimacy.

sub, prep. with acc. and abl. :
(1) With acc., under, close to,
toward.

sui, (gen.), reflex. pron., of himself, herself, itself, themselves;

of him, her, it; inter sē, with, from, to, etc., each other, mutually; per sē, of one's self, personally; of itself. Sulla, -ae, m., name of a Roman family in the Cornelian gens: (1) L. Cornelius Sulla, born B.C. 138, became the leader of the aristocratic party. After conquering Mithridates in the East, he returned to Rome in B.C. 83 and utterly defeated the adherents of the Marian party. As dictator (82-79), he made himself as famous for revengeful proscriptions of his political opponents as for sweeping reforms in the Roman constitution. He then resigned and retired to his estate at Puteoli, where he died in B.C. 78.

(2) Ser. Cornelius Sulla was brother of the Dictator.

(3) P. and Ser. Cornelius Sulla, sons of Ser. Cornelius Sulla, were concerned in Catiline's conspiracy. (4) P. Cornelius Sulla, a rela

tive of the Dictator, when consul elect in B.C. 66, was convicted of bribery, and compelled to forfeit the consulship.

Sullānus, -a, -um, [Sulla], adj., of Sulla.

sum, esse, fui, futurus, imp. subj. forem or essem, future inf. fore or futurus esse, [ES, be], be, exist; constitute; with gen., be of, consist of, belong to, be the means of; with dat. of possessor, belong to, possess,

have; with dat. of service, serve for, be regarded as; alicui quicquam pēnsī esse, care a straw; in rem esse, be useful, serve one's purpose; cum tēlō esse, go armed, be under arms; post esse, be put behind one, be forgotten. summus, see superus. sūmō, -ere, sūmpsī, sumptus, [sub + emō], take, assume, adopt; obtain, procure; sūmere supplicium dē, inflict punishment upon. sumptuōsē, [sümptuōsus, expensive], adv., expensively, extravagantly.

sumptus, -ūs, [sūmō], m., ex

pense; extravagance. superbia, -ae, [superbus], f.,

arrogance, pride, haughtiness, insolence.

superbus, -a, -um, [super, over], adj., arrogant, proud, haughty, insolent. superior, see superus. superō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [superus], go over; be left, be remaining; abound; overcome, conquer.

superus, -a, -um, [super, over], adj., higher; comp., superior, former, past; victorious; superl., suprēmus or summus, highest; greatest, most eminent; supreme, absolute; utmost; deepest, depths of; summā ope, with all one's might; summum supplicium, capital punishment. supervacaneus, -a, -um, [super,

over + vacuus], adj., needless, unnecessary, superfluous. suppetō, -ere, -īvī, -ītus, [sub +

petō], be at hand, be occasion for.

supplex, -icis, [sub+PLEC, fold], adj., entreating, beseeching, suppliant; as noun, supplex, -icis, m. and f., a suppliant. supplicium, -ī, [supplex], n., supplication; sacrifice, public worship, religious services; punishment, penalty. supra, [for superā (sc. parte)], adv. and prep. :

(1) As adv., above, before,

farther back; more, beyond. (2) As prep. with acc., above,

beyond; supra caput esse, descend upon, be close at hand.

Sūra, -ae, m., a cōgnōmen of the family of the Lentuli; see Lentulus.

suscipiō, -ere, -cēpī, -ceptus, [subs sub + capiō], undertake, take upon one's self, engage in.

suspectus, -a, -um, [part. of suspicio, suspect], adj., object of suspicion, suspected, mistrusted.

suspicio, -ōnis, [suspicio, pect], f., suspicion.

suspicor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [sub+

SPEC, see], mistrust, suspect. sustentō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [freq. from sustineō], endure, hold one's own against. sustineō, -ēre, -tinuī, -tentus, [subs = sub + teneō], sustain, support.

suus, -a, -um, poss. pron. reflex. adj., his own, her own, etc.; his, her, etc.; own, peculiar, special, personal; as noun, sui, -ōrum, m. pl., one's friends,

men;

associates, followers, suum, -ī, n., and sua, -ōrum, n. pl., one's property or possessions.

T.

T., abbreviation for Titus, a Roman forename.

tābēs, -is, f., plague, pestilence, contagion.

tabula, -ae, [TA, stretch], f., board, writing-tablet; record; novae tabulae, cancellation of debts; tabula pīcta or tabula, painting, picture.

sus-tam-quam, adv., as, like; as if,

as it were.

taceō, -ēre, -uī, -itus, [TAC, si

lent], be silent, keep silence. taeter, -tra, -trum, adj., foul,

noisome, loathsome. tālāris, -e, [tālus, ankle], adj., reaching to the ankles. tālis, -e, [TA, this], adj., such,

of this kind; so great. tam, [TA, this], adv., so. tamen, [TA, this], adv., notwithstanding, nevertheless,yet,still; however, for all that.

tametsī, [for tamen etsi], conj., although, though.

tandem, [tam+dem.suffix-dem], adv., at length, at last, finally; in questions, pray. tantum modo, adv., only, merely. tantus, -a, -um, [TA, this], adj.,

so great, such; so large, so vast; so strong, so powerful, so influential; so important; so atrocious; quantus. tantus, as great as; tantō, by so much; quantō . tantō (with comparatives), the . the; tanti, gen. of price, of

such value; est tantī, it is tempus, -oris, [TEM, cut], n., worth while. portion of time, time; occatardē, [tardus], adv., slowly, sion, opportunity; condition tardily, late. (of things), state, times, circumstances; need, emergency, exigency, crisis; id temporis, at just that time.

tendō, -ere, tetendi, tentus or tēnsus, [TEN, stretch], stretch, extend; lay, contrive; exert one's self, struggle, press on. tenebrae, -ārum, f. pl., darkness. teneō, -ēre, -ui, tentus, [TEN,

stretch], hold, hold fast, keep; possess, control.

tenuis, -e, [TEN, stretch], adj.,

tardō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [tardus],
retard, delay.
tardus, -a, -um, adj., slow.
Tarquinius, -i, [Tarquinii, a city
of Etruria], m., a Roman name;
L. Tarquinius, being arrested
and brought before the senate
as one of Catiline's accomplices,
turned state's evidence and
charged Crassus with being
concerned in the conspiracy.
Tarracīnēnsis, -e, [Tarracīna],

adj., of Tarracina; as noun, Tarracīnēnsis, -is, m. and f., Tarracinian, a citizen of Tarracina, a town in Latium. tēctum, -1, [part. of tegō], n., house, dwelling.

tegō, -ere, tēxi, tēctus, [TEG,

cover], cover; protect, defend. tēlum, -ī, n., (missile), weapon;

cum tēlō esse, go armed. temerē, adv., hastily, without

due consideration.

temeritās, -ātis, [temerē], f.,

recklessness, foolhardiness. temperō, -āre, -āvi, -ātus, [tempus], with dat., use with moderation, restrain one's self

in. tempestās, -ātis, [tempus], f., time, period; storm, tempest; pl., emergency, crisis. templum, -ī, [TEM, cut], n., (place marked off by the augur's staff), temple. temptō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [intensive from tendō], handle; try, attempt; attack, assail; tempt, sound, tamper with.

(thin), poor, humble. Terentius, -a, name of a Roman gens; Cn. Terentius was a member of the senate in B.C. 63.

terra, -ae, [TERS, parch], f., (dry) land; carth; country, land; orbis terrarum, the whole world.

terreō, -ēre, -ui, -itus, frighten, alarm, terrify, terrorize, over

awe.

terribilis, -e, [terreō], adj.,
frightful, dreadful.

tertius, -a, -um, [ter, three],
num. adj., third.
testamentum, -ī, [testor], n.,
will.

testis, -is, m. and f., witness.
testor, -ārī, -ātus sum, [testis],
call to witness.
tetrarchēs, -ae, [TeтpáPXNs, ruler
of a fourth part of the land],
m., tetrarch, prince.
Ti., abbreviation for Tiberius.
Tiberis, -is, m., the Tiber.
Tiberius, -i, m., Tiberius, a Ro-
man forename.

timeō, -ēre, -ui, —, [TIM, stun], | Trāns-alpīnus, -a, -um, [Alpēs, fear, be afraid, dread.

timidus, -a, -um, [TIM, stun],
adj., timid, cowardly.
timor, -ōris, [TIM, stun], m., fear,
alarm.

[blocks in formation]

from trahō], manage, govern, carry on, administer; treat. trādō, -ere, -didī, -ditus, [trans

dō], give up, hand over ; commit, commend, entrust; give over, surrender. trahō, -ere, trāxī, trāctus, [TRAG, drag], drag, drag off, plunder, waste, squander; lead away, carry away, divert.

trames, -itis, [TRA, cross], m., by-path, cross-road.

tranquillus, -a, -um, adj., tranquil, peaceable, undisturbed. trans- in composition, over, across, through; beyond.

the Alps], adj., Transalpine, beyond the Alps (from Rome). trans-eō, -īre, -i, -itus, pass

through.

trans-ferō, -ferre, -tulī, -lātus,

transfer, postpone, defer. transigō, -ere, -ēgī, -āctus,

[trāns + agō], pass through. Trāns-padānus, -a, -um, [Padānus, of the Padus or Po], adj., Transpadane, beyond the Po; as noun, Trans-padānus, -ī, m., Transpadanian, one living in Northern Italy beyond the Po.

trepidō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus, [trepidus, agitated], be agitated, be disturbed, be alarmed. trēs, tria, gen. trium, num. adj., three.

trēs-virī, -ōrum, m. pl., the trèsviri capitālēs, a board of three men, who were given charge of the prisons and executions. tribūnīcius, -a, -um, [tribūnus], adj., of the tribune or tribunes.

tribūnus, -ī, [tribus, tribe], m., tribune:

(1) tribūnus plēbis, tribune of the plebs, one of ten plebeian magistrates charged with the protection of the commons, in whose interest they could exercise an unlimited veto power upon the senate, the comitia, or upon any other Roman magis

trate.

(2) tribūnus militum, military tribune, one of six officers of the legion, each of whom commanded it in turn for

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