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sin and misery P, into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the Covenant of Works ? ; but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bringeth them into an estate of salvation by the second covenant, commonly called the Covenant of Grace".
Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made ?.
A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed a
Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant ?
A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a Mediator, and life and salvation by him"; and requiring
30. p 1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto not appointed us to wrath ; but to all and upon all them that believe; for obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus there is no difference. Christ.
31. & Gal. iii. 16. Now to Abra. q.Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of ham and his seed were the promises the works of the law are under the made. He saith not, And to seeds, as curse : for it is written, Cursed is eve- of many; but as of one, And to thy ry one that continueth not all things seed, which is Christ. (Rom. v. 15. which are written in the book of the to the end.] Isa. liii. 10. Yet it pleased law to do them. Ver. 12. And the the Lord to bruise him ; he hath put law is not of faith : but, The man that him to grief: when thou shalt make doeth them shall live in them.
his soul an offering for sin, he shall Tit. jii. 4. But after that the kind- see his seed, he shall prolong his days, ness and love of God our Saviour to. and the pleasure of the Lord shall ward man appeared, Ver. 5. Not by prosper in his hand. Ver. 11. He shall works of righteousness which we see of the travail of his soul, and shall have done, but according to his mer- be satisfied : by his knowledge shall cy he saved us, by the washing of re- my ous servant justify many i generation, and renewing of the Holy for he shall bear their iniquities. Ghost; Ver. 6. Which he shed on us 32. + Gen. iii. 15. And I will put abundantly, through Jesus Christ our enmity between thee and the woman, Saviour: Ver. 7. That being justified and between thy seed and her seed: by his grace, we should be made heirs it shall bruise ihy head, and thou shalt according to the hope of eternal life. bruise his heel. Isa xlii. 6. I the Lord Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then against have called thee in righteousness, and the promises of God? God forbid : for will hold thine hand, and will keep if there had been a law given which thee, and will give thee for a covenant could have given life, verily righteous. of the people, for a light of the Genness should have been by the law. tiles. John vi. 27. Labour not for the Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds meat which perisheth, but for that of the law there shall no desh be jus. meat which endureth unto everlasting tified in his sight: for by the law is life, which the Son of man shall give the knowledge of sin. Ver. 21. But unto you: for him hath God the Father now the righteousness of God without sealed. the law is manifested, being witness- u 1. John v. 11. And this is the rea ed by the law and the prophets ; Ver. cord, that God hath given to us, eter-2. Even the righteousness of God, pal life ; and this life is in his Son.
faith as the condition to interest them in him w, pros miseth and giveth his Holy Spirits to all his elect, to work in them that faith y, with all other saving graces ? ; and to enable them unto all holy obedience a; as the evidence of the truth of their faith and thankfulness to God, and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation .
Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered af ter one and the same manner ?
A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New
Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament?
A. The covenant of grace was administered under the Ver. 12. He that hath the Son hath thou how faith wrought with his life: and he that hath not the Son of works; and by works was faith God hath not life.
made perfect? w John iii. 16. For God so loved c 2 Cor. v. 14. For the love of the world, that he gave his only be- Christ constraineth us; because we gotten Son, that whosoever believeth thus judge, that if one died for all, in him should not perish, but have e. then were all dead : Ver. 15. And verlasting life. John i. 12. But as that he died for all, that they which many as received him, to them gave live should not henceforth live unto he power to become the sons of God, themselves, but unto him which died. even to them that believe on his name. for them, and rose again.
* Prov. i. 23. Behold, I will pour d Eph. ii. 10. For we are his work. out my Spirit unto you, I will make manship, created in Christ Jesus unto known my words unto you.
good works, which God hath before y 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the ordained that we should walk in same spirit of faith, according as it is them. written, I believed, and therefore have 33 e 2 Cor. üi. 6 Who also hath I spoken : we also believe, and there. made us able ministers of the new tes. fore speak.
tament; not of the letter, but of the 2 Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the Spirit: for the letter killeth, but the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffer. Spirit giveth life. Ver. 7. But if the ing, gentleness, goodness, faith, Ver. ministration of death, written and en. 23. Meekness, temperance :. against graven in stones, was glorious, so that such there is no law.
the children of Israel could not sted. a Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put fastly behold the face of Moses, my Spirit within you, and cause you for the glory of his countenance, to walk in my statutes, and ye shall which glory was to be done away ; keep my judgments, and do them. Ver. 8. How shall not the ministra.
6 James ii. 18. Yea, a man may tion of the Spirit be rather glorious ? say, Thou hast faith, and I have Ver. 9. For if the ministration of con. works: shew me thy faith without demnation be glory, much more doth thy works, and I will shew thee my the ministration of righteousness exFaith by my works. Ver. 22. Sceșt ceed in glory.
Old Testament, by promises, prophecies, sacrifices b, circumcision, the passoverk, and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiah', by whom they then had full remissiòn of sin, and eternal salvation m.
Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still is to be administered in the preaching of the word “, and the administration of the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supperP;
-34. f Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that m Gal. iïi, 7. Know ye therefore, Jesus Christ was a minister of the that they which are of faith, the same circumcision for the truth of God, to are the children of Abraham. Ver. 8. confirm the promises made unto the And the scripture foreseeing that God fathers.
would justify the heathen through g Acts iii. 20. And he shall send faith, preached before the gospel unJesus Christ, which before was to Abraham, saying, In thee shall all preached unto you. Ver. 24. Yea, nations be blessed. Ver. 9. So then and all the prophets from Samuel, they which be of faith are blessed and those that follow after, as many with faithfui Abraham. Ver. 14. as have spoken, have likewise fore. That the blessing of Abraham might told of these days.
come on the Gentiles through Jesus b Heb. x. 1. For the law having a Christ; that we might receive the shadow of good things to come, and promise of the Spirit through faith. not the very image of the things, can 35, n Mark xvi. 15. And he said never with those sacrifices, which unto then, Go ye into all the world, they offered year by year continually, and preach the gospel to every creamake the comers thereunto perfect.
i Rom. iv, 11. And he received o Matt. xxviii. 19. Goye therefore, the sign of circumcision, a seal of the and teach all nations, baptizing them righteousness of the faith which he in the name of the Father, and of the had, yet being uncircumcised : that he Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Ver. might be the father of all them that 20. Teaching them to observe all believe, though they be not circumci- things whatsoever I have commanded sed; that righteousness might be ime you : and, lo, I am with you alway, puted unto them also.
unto the end of the world. k-1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out therefore Amen. the old leaven, that ye may be a new p 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have receiv. lump, as ye are unleavened. For even ed of the Lord that which also I deChrist our passover is sacrificed for livered unto you, That the Lord Jesus,
the same night in which he was be[Heb. Chapters viii,ix. and x.] Heb. trayed, took bread : , Ver. 24. And xi. 13. These all died in faith, not hay. when he had given than's, he brake ing received the promises, but having it, and said, Take, eat; this is my boseen them afar off, and were persua- dy, which is broken for you. this do ded of them, and embraced them, and in remembrance of me. Ver. 25. Afconfessed that they were strangers ter the same manner also he took the and pilgrims on the earth.
cup, when he had supped, saying
in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations 4.
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ", who, being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father', in the fulness of time became man', and so was and continues to be God and man, in two entire distinct natures, and one person, for ever".
Q. 37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become
A. Christ the Son of God became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul w, being conceiv. ed by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the VirThis cup is the new testament in my 36. r 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one blood : this do ye, as oft as ye drink God, and one Mediator between God it, in remembrance of me.
and men, the man Christ Jesus. 92 Cor. jii. 6. to the end. Who al- • John i. 1. In the beginning was so hath made us able ministers of the the Word, and the Word was with new testament; not of the letter, but God, and the Word was God. Ver. of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, 14. And the Word was made flesh, but the Spirit giveth life. Ver. 7. and dwelt among us, (and we beheld But if the ministration of death, writ- his glory, the glory as of the only be. ten and engraven in stones, was glo- gotten of the Father, full of grace rious,--Ver. 8. How shall not the and truth. John x. 30. I and my Fa. ministration of the Spirit be rather ther are one. Phil. ii. 6. Who, being glorious ? Ver. 9. For if the minis. in the form of God, thought it not tration of condemnation be glory, robbery to be equal with God. much more doth the ministration of t Gal. iv. 4. But when the folness righteousness exceed in glory, c. of the time was come, God sent forth * Heb. viii. 6. But now hath he ob. his Son, made of a woman, made ontained a more excellent ministry, byder the law. how much also he is the Mediator of u Luke i. 35. And the angel an. a better covenant, which was esta- swered and said unto her, The Holy blished upon better promises. Ver. Ghost shall come upon thee, and the 10. For this is the covenant that I power of the Highest shall oversha. will make with the house of Israel af- dow thee: therefore also that holy ter those days, saith the Lord : I will thing, which shall be born of thee, put my laws into their mind, and shall be called the Son of God. Rom. write them in their hearts: and I will ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of be to them a God, and they shall be . whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ to me a people. Ver. 11. And they came, who is over all, God blessed for shall not teach every man his neigh- ever. Amen. Col. ij. 9. For in him bour, and every man his brother, say- dwelleth all the fulness of the God. ing, Know the Lord: for all shall head bodily. Heb. vii. 24. But this know me, from the least to the great man, because he continueth ever, hath
Mat. xxviiii. 19. Go ye there. an unchangeable priesthood. Ver. 25. fore, and teach all nations, baptizing Wherefore he is able also to save them them in the name of, 5€.
to the uttermost that come unto God
gin Mary, of her substance, and born of her , yet without sin y.
Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death ? ; give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession a; and to satisfy God's justice b, procure his faby him, seeing he ever liveth to make death: because it was not possible intercession for them.
that he should be holden of it. Ver. 37. w John i. 14. And the Word 25. For David speaketh concerning was made flesh, and dwelt among us, him, I foresaw the Lord always be(and we beheld his glory, the glory as fore my face ; for he is on my right of the only begotten of the Father) hand, that I should not be moved. full of grace and truth. Matt. xxvi. Rom. i. 4. And declared to be the Son 38. Then saith he unto them, My soul of God with power, according to the is exceeding sorrowful, even unto Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection death : tarry ye here, and watch with from the dead. Compared with Rom.
iv. 25. Who was delivered for our of. x Luke i. 27. To a virgin espoused fences, and was raised again for our to a man, whose name was Joseph, of justification. Heb.ix. 14. How much the house of David ; and the virgin's more shall the blood of Christ, who name was Mary. Ver. 31. And, be- through the eternal Spirit offered him. hold, thou shalt conceive in thy self without spot to God, purge your womb, and bring forth a son, and conscience from dead works, to serve shalt call his name Jesus. Ver. 35. the living God ? And the angel answered and said unto a Acts xx. 28. Take heed there. her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon fore unto yourselves, and to all the thee, and the power of the Highest flock, over the which the Holy Ghost shall overshadow thee : therefore also hath made you overseers, to feed the that holy thing, which shall be born church of God, which he hath purof thee, shall be called the Son of chased with his own blood. Heb. ix, God. Ver. 42. And Elisabeth spake 14. How much more shall the blood out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed of Christ, who through the eternal art thou among women, and blessed Spirit offered himself without spot to is the fruit of thy womb. Gal. iv. 4. God, purge your conscience from dead But when the fulness of the time was works, to serve the living God ? Heb. come, God sent forth his Son, made vii. 25. Wherefore he is able also co of a woman, made under the law. save them to the uttermost that come
y Heb. iv. 15. For we have not an unto God by him, seeing he ever liv. high priest which cannot be touched eth to make intercession for them. with the feeling of our infirmities; Ver. 26. For such an high priest be. but was in all points tempted like as came us, who is holy, harmless, unde. we are, yet without sin. Heb. vij. 26. filed, separate from sinners, and made For such an high priest became us, higher than the heavens; Ver. 27. who is holy, harmless, undefiled, sepa. Who needeth not daily, as those high rate from sinners, and made higher priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for than the heavens.
his own sins, and then for the peo38. % Acts ii. 24. Whom God hath ple's : for this he did once, when he raised up, having loosed the pains of offered up himself. Ver. 28. For the