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III. Christ, by his obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to his Father's justice in their behalf. Yet, in as much as he was given by the Father for them, and his obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead, and both freely, not for any thing
the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also. Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love.
III. Rom. v. 8. But God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us. Ver. 9. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. Ver. 10. For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. V. 19. For as by one man's disobedience many were made sin ners; so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus: Ver. 6. Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are sanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Ver. 14. For by one of fering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. Ver. 26. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city, and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood; and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Isa. liii. 4. Surely he hath borne our
griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. Ver. 5. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed. Ver. 6. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. Ver. 10. Yet pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. Ver. 11. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities. Ver. 12. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
g Rom. viii. 32. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
b 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Matth. iii. 17. And, lo, a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Eph. v. 2. And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour.
in them, their justification is only of free grace; that both the exact justice and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners. k
IV. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect; and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification: nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth in due time actually apply Christ unto them."
V. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified and although they can never fall from the
i Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemp. tion that is in Christ Jesus. Eph. ì. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.
Rom. iii. 26. To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness; that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. Eph. ii. 7. That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness towards us through Christ Jesus.
IV. Gal. iii. 8. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. 1 Pet. i. 2. Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience, and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ. Ver. 19. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and with. out spot: Ver. 20. Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called; and whom he called, them he also justified; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
m Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law. 1 Tim. ii. 6. Who gave
himself a ransom for all, to be testifi ed in due time. Rom. iv. 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.
n Col. i. 21. And you that were some time alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled, Ver. 22. In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy, and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight. Gal. ii. 16. [See letter c immediately foregoing.]Tit. iii. 4. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, Ver. 5. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 6. Which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour; Ver. 7. That being justifi ed by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
V. o Matth. vi. 12. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 1 John i. 7. But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another; and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. Ver. 9. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1 John ii. 1. My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. Ver. 2. And
state of justification, P yet they may by their sins fall under God's fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of his countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance. ¶
VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament '.
CHAP. XII. Of Adoption.
LL those that are justified, God vouchsafeth, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, to make partakers of the
he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
p Luke xxii. 32. But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not; and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. John x. 28. And I give unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hand. Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
q Psal. lxxxix. 31. If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Ver. 32. Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Ver. 33. Nevertheless my loving-kindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. Psal. 1. 7. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. Ver. 8. Make me to hear joy and gladness, that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. Ver. 9. Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities. Ver. 10. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Ver. 11.
Cast me not away from thy presence, and take not thy Holy Spirit from me. Ver. 12. Restore unto me the joy of thy ́sulvation: and uphold me with
thy free Spirit. Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Lord; and thou forgavest the in-: quity of my sin. Matt. xxvi. 75. And Peter remembered the words of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly. 1 Cor. xi. 30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. Ver. 32. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Luke i. 20 And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because, thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.
VI. Gal. iii. 9. So then they which he of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Ver. 13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree; Ver. 14. That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Chirst; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. Rom. iv. 22. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Ver. 23. Now it was not written for his sake alone,
grace of adoption by which they are taken into the number, and enjoy the liberties and privileges of the children of God; have his name put upon them, receive the Spirit of adoption; have access to the throne of grace with boldness; are enabled to cry, Abba, Father; are pitied 8, protected, provided for, and chastened by him as by a father; yet never cast off, but sealed to the day of redemption, and inherit the promises ", as heirs of everlasting salvation °.
that it was imputed to him; Ver. 24. But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, and to-day, and for
I. a Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
6 Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Christ: if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power, to become thes ons of God, even to them that believe on his name. c Jer. xiv. 9. Yet thou, O Lord, art in the midst of us, and we are called by thy name, leave us not. 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my
d Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again
to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
e Eph. iii. 12. In whom we have boldness, and access with confidence, by the faith of him. Rom. v. 2. By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God..
f Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
8 Psal. ciii. 13. Like as a Father pitieth his children: so the Lord pitieth them that fear him.
b Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence; and his children shall have a place of refuge.
i Matt, vi. 30. Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? Ver. 32. For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. 1 Pet. v. 7. Casting all your care upon him, for he careth for you.
Heb. xii. 6. For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
Lam. iii. 31. For the Lord will not cast off for ever.
m Eph. iv. 30. And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
n Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not slothful, but followers of them, who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
o 1 Pet. i. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
CHAP. XIII. Of Sanctification.
HEY who are effectually called and regenerated, having a new heart and a new spirit created in them, are farther sanctified, really and personally, through the virtue of Christ's death and resurrection, by his word and Spirit dwelling in them; the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed, and the several lusts thereof are more and more weakened and mortified, and they more and more quickened and strengthened in all saving graces, to the practice of true holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord f.
which, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, Ver. 4. To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
I. a 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified, in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Acts xx. 32. And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. Phil. iii. 10. That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection: Ver. 6. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
b John xvii. 17. Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. Eph. v. 26. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But te are bound to give thanks alway
to God for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation, through sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the truth.
c Rom. vi. 6. Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. Ver. 14. For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
d Gal v. 24. And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. Rom. viii. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
e Col. i. 11. Strengthened with all might according to his glorious power, unto all patience and long-suffering with joyfulness. Eph. iii. 16. That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man. Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, Ver. 18. May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
f 2 Cor. vii. 1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us