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vos in locum affinium ducerem: fi ea feciffem, in veftrâ amicitiâ "exercitum, divitias, munimenta regni me habiturum. Quæ præcepta patris mei cùm agitarem; Jugurtha, homo omnium, quos

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terra, fuftinet, fceleratiffimus, contempto imperio veftro, Masinissæ "mé nepotem, etiam ab ftirpe focium atque amicum populi R. regno fortunífque omnibus expulit. Atque ego P. C. quoniam "eò miferiarum venturus eram, vellem, potiùs ob mea, quàm ob "majorum meorum beneficia, poffe me à vobis auxilium petere, ac maxumè deberi mihi beneficia à populo R. quibus non egerem fecundùm ea, fi defideranda erant, utì debitis uterer. "Sed quoniam parum tuta per fe ipfa probitas eft, neque mihi in manu fuit, Jugurtha qualis foret: ad vos confugi, P. C. quibus, quod mihi miferrumum eft, cogor priùs oneri, quàm usui esse. "Cæteri reges, aut bello victi in amicitiam à vobis recepti funt, aut " in fuis dubiis rebus focietatem veftram appetiverunt.

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15. "Familia noftra cum populo R. bello Carthaginienfi amicitiam « instituit, quo tempore magìs fides ejus quàm fortuna pendenda erat. "Quorum progeniem vos, P. C. nolite pati me nepotem Mafiniffæ "fruftra à vobis auxilium petere. Si ad impetrandum nihil caufæ "haberem, præter miferandam fortunam; quòd paulò antè rex, ge

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nere, famâ, atque copiis potens, nunc deformatus ærumnis, inops, "alienas opes exfpecto: tamen erat majeftatis populi R. prohibere injuriam neque pati cujufquam regnum per fcelus crefcere. Verum'ego iis finibus ejectus fum, quos majoribus meis populus Rom. "dedit: unde pater, & avus meus unà vobifcum expulere Syphacem, & Carthaginienfes. Vestra beneficia mihi erepta funt, P. C. vos in meâ injuriâ defpecti eftis. Eheu me miferum! huccine, Micipfa pater, beneficia tua evafere, utì, quem tu parem cum li

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"dren; has your appointing him, O father Micipfa, joint heir to the crown, confpired the ruin of your iffue; and made him particularly the inftrument? Shall then our family never be free from di"fturbances? Shall we always be dyed with blood, engaged in wars, "fent into banishment? Indeed, whilft Carthage was ftanding, "we were juftly afflicted, agreeable to the rules of war, with the "moft torturing calamities. Our enemies bordered upon us; you, our friends and allies, were at a great distance. Our defence <c was our arms. But when Africa was no longer infested with that peftilence, we, affected with unconceivable joy, were mafters of "a perfect peace; fince we had no enemy to harrafs us, unlefs by "your direction. Then behold' on a fudden, Jugurtha conducting "himself with unparalleled audacity, practifing every villany, and "elevated by pride, having affaffinated my own brother, his near "relation, feized his fovereignty, as the firft fruits of his criminal practices, and feeing it was impracticable to deflroy me by the fame "artifice; me, who did not entertain, the leaft fufpicion of war or "any violence, has, in contempt of your power, as your eyes may witnefs, forced me from my kingdom, my palace, deftitute of every neceffary, and embarraffed with calamities; me whose person "is more fecure in any place than in my own kingdom.

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16. "I then thought, noble fenators, as I had oft heard my fa"ther observe, that those who would establish a friendship with you, "must apply themselves induftrioufly; but that when it is procured, they are of all mortals the most secure. As much as our family "was capable of effecting to benefit you, it did; I mean, it fupplied you with auxiliaries in all your wars. And now, Fathers, you are capable of retaliating the favour, by restoring our tran"quility. My dear father left us two brothers, and was perfuaded Jugurtha would be a third, in return for the honours conferred upon him. The one is murdered, and I with much difficulty "have extricated myself out of the defigns the other had formed against me. What measures fhall I take? To whom shall I, in this diftrefs, apply for relief? My relations, in whom I confided, have "deviated from the opinion I entertained of them; and my hopes "of any defence from my own family are languished. My father, "induced by neceffity, fubmitted to fate. My brother was murder"ed by a relation, who (any perfon would have thought) fhould "never have nurtured in his breaft fuch a defign. My friends and "relations,

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"beris tuis, regníque participem fecifti, is potiffimùm ftirpis tuæ exftinctor fit? numquámne ergo familia noftra quieta erit ? fempérne "in fanguine, ferro, fugâ verfabimur? Dum Carthaginienfes inco"lumes fuere, jure omnia fæva patiebamur. Hoftis ab latere vos "amici procul: fpes omnis in armis erat. Poftquam illa peftis ex “Africâ ejecta est, læti pacem agitabamus: quippe, quîs hoftis nul"lus erat, nifi fortè quem vos juffiffetis. Ecce autem ex improviso Jugurtha, intolerandâ audaciâ, fcelere, atque fuperbiâ sese efferens, "fratre meo, atque eodem propinquo fuo interfecto, primùm regnum ejus, fceleris fui prædam fecit; pòft, ubi me iifdem dolis nequit capere, nihil minùs, quàm vim aut bellum, exspectantem, "in imperio veftro, ficuti videtis, extorrem patriâ, domo; inopem, "coopertum miferiis, effecit, ut ubivis tutiùs, quàm in meo regno, "..effem.

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16. "Ego fic exiflumabam, P. C. utì prædicantem audiveram patrem meum: qui veftram amicitiam diligenter colerent, eos multum la"borem fufcipere, cæterùm ex omnibus maxumè tutos effe. Quod "in familiâ noftrâ fuit, præftitit; uti in omnibus bellis adeffet vobis "nos utì per otium tuti fimus, in manu veftrâ eft, P. C. Pater nos "duos fratres reliquit : tertium Jugurtham beneficiis fuis ratus eft no"bis conjunctum fore. Alter eorum necatus: alter ipfe ego manus "impias vix effugi. Quid agam? aut quò potiffumùm infelix acce"dam? generis præfidia omnia exftincta funt: pater, utì neceffe erat, naturæ conceffit: fratri, quem minumè decuit, propinquus per fcelus vitam eripuit: affinis, amicos, propinquos cæteros meos, е

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"relations, either allied by blood or marriage, have been deftroyed "in different manners. Some taken prifoners by Jugurtha, have "been crucified; others have been exposed to the fury of untamed "animals. The small number of them who remained alive, have "been imprisoned in perpetual darkness, and live in mifery more terrible than death. If I enjoyed all the dominions of which I am deprived, and no relation, no friend was mine enemy, and all things were in a firm fituation, yet would I, if any unforeseen ac"cident had furprized me, have follicited you, illuftrious fenators, "for affiftance, on whom it is incumbent, because of your extensive empire, to infpect and regulate the conduct of every ftate, in a manner that is confonant with equity. But now where fhall I go? "Or where shall I make my application? I, who am banished from my country, my own palace, wandering alone, and deftitute of every thing neceffary for the decent fupport of life? Shall I follicit "the affiftance of foreign nations or princes, who have always en"tertained a hatred for our family, because of the friendship fubfifting between you and us? Or can I go to any place, where there are not monuments extant of the refolution of my ancestors in your " fervice? Or can any one be moved with my present fituation, who "was always an enemy to you?

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17. "In fine, noble fenators, Mafiniffa's advice to us was always "this; to regard no other friendship but that of the Romans; to "conclude no treaty, nor contract any alliance with other people; "that your friendship alone could be a fufficient fecurity for us; and "that if ever the Roman empire, through the caprice of fortune, "fhould decay, we fhould fet with it. Your behaviour, and the "protection of heaven,, has rendered you powerful; may your defigns fucceed, and your fubjects be on every occasion fubmiffive "that you may be capable of revenging the injuries done to your allies, without any difficulty. I am only apprehenfive, left the friendship of Jugurtha with fome perfons in the ftate, not as yet acquainted with his difpofition, should induce them to proceed unjustly in this affair; who, I am informed, with great importunity "follicit you, not to determine any thing to his prejudice in his abfence, and without hearing his depofit. There are fome who deny the truth of my affertion, and declare my flight was volun66 tary; fince I might have remained in my kingdom. But may "heaven permit me to fee the man, by whofe criminal proceedings

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"alium alia clades oppreffit: capti ab Jugurthâ, pars in crucem acti, pars beftiis objecti funt: pauci, quibus relicta est anima, claufi in "tenebris cum mærore & luctu, morte graviorem vitam exigunt. "Si omnia, quæ aut amifi, aut ex neceffariis adverfa facta funt, in“columia manerent: tamen, fi quid ex improvifo mali accidiffet, vos implorarem, P. C. quibus pro magnitudine imperii, jus, & injurias omnis curæ effe decet. Nunc verò exul patriâ, domo, fo"lus, atque omnium honeftarum rerum egens, quos accedam, aut

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quos appellem? nationéfne, an reges, qui omnes familiæ noftræ "ob veftram amicitiam infefti funt? an quóquam mihi adire licet, "ubi non majorum meorum hoftilia monumenta plurima fint? an quifquam noftri mifereri poteft, qui aliquando vobis hoftis fuit?

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17. "Poftremò, Mafiniffa nos ita inftituit, P. C. ne quem coleremus, nifi pop. R. ne focietates, ne fœdera nova acciperemus : "abunde magna præfidia nobis in vostrâ amicitiâ fore: fi huic impe"rio fortuna mutaretur, unà occidendum nobis effe. Virtute, ac "diis volentibus, magni eftis & opulenti: omnia fecunda, & obedi"entia funt: quò faciliùs fociorum injurias curare licet. Tantùm il"lud vereor, ne quos privata amicitia Jugurthæ, parum cognita, "tranfvorfos agat: quos ego audio maxumâ ope niti, ambire, fatigare vos fingulos, ne quid de abfente, incognitâ causâ, statuatis : fingere me verba, & fugam fimulare, cui licuerit in regno manere. Quod utinam illum cujus impio facinore in has miferias projectus Q2

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