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1. MENTION the principal nations that flourished before the Greeks. 2. What was the extent of Greece as compared with the territories of those nations? 3. What were the earliest governments among the Greeks? Mention the other forms of government which were afterwards adopted. 4. Mention the principal periods in Grecian history. 5. Give some account of Lycurgus; of Solon. 6. Mention the principal events in the Persian wars; mention some of the most distinguished persons engaged in them. 7. What causes led to the Peloponnesian War? Mention the principal events; the principal persons; the duration ; the result of this war. 8. State what you know of the condition of Greece in the period following the Peloponnesian War. 9. State what you know of the history of Thebes. 10. State briefly what you know of the relations between Macedonia and Grecee in the time of Philip and Alexander. 11. When, and by whom, was Greece subjected to Rome? 12. Give some account of the foundation of Rome, and its first form of government. 13. What revolution put an end to the first government? and what government succeeded it? 14. Mention some of the early

Italian conquests of the Romans. 15. State some of the principal events in the Punic wars, and what was their conclusion. 16. State what you know of Catiline; at what period he lived; what political transactions he was engaged in; who were his most distinguished contemporaries; what became of him. 17. Give some account of the leaders in the Civil Wars. 18. Mention the circumstances of the death of Julius Cæsar. 19. What events followed his death? How, and by whom, were the civil conflicts composed?


1. Name the following persons in proper historical order, and mention something that is recorded of each: Codrus, Flaminius, Lysander, Mardonius, Marius, Pyrrhus, Regulus, Socrates, Themistocles. 2. State briefly the origin of the First Punic War. 3. Give some account of Pericles, and what he did for Athens. 4. What famous battles were fought in Bœotia? 5. Give some account of Hannibal. 6. Who was Cleopatra? 7. Describe the battle of Pharsalia? 8. Name the first six Cæsars. 9. What is meant by the Heroic Age?


1. Name the following persons in proper historical order, mentioning to what nation each belonged, and for what he was noted Aristides, Cincinnatus, Draco, Epaminondas, Fabius, Pericles, Pompey, Solon, Sylla, Trajan. 2. Name the three persons whom you consider most noted in Grecian history; and state very briefly what each did. 3. Three in Roman history, in like manner. 4. What was the occasion of the First Persian War? 5. Describe the battle of Marathon; of Arbela. 6. Who were the kings of Rome ? 7. State all you know of Jugurtha.

ically. 7. Supply the two names left blank in the following passage from the Oration for the Manilian Law: "Non dicam duas urbes potentissimas, Carthaginem et Numantiam ab eodem esse deletas; non commemorabo

nuper ita vobis patribusque esse visum, ut in uno spes imperii poneretur, ut idem cum Jugurtha, idem cum Cimbris, idem cum Teutonis bellum administraret." Who was Jugurtha? Where was Numantia? 8. Compare Athens with Sparta. 9. Pericles: the man and his policy.


1. From Cæsar: "Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit." 'Aquitania a Garumna flumine ad Pyrenæos montes et eam partem Oceani, quæ est ad Hispaniam, pertinet." Translate these passages. Bound Aquitania, describing geographical positions (where names are in italics), and giving modern names. (You may, if you choose, substitute a map for the description.) 2. From Cæsar: "Undique loci natura Helvetii continentur; una ex parte flumine Rheno, qui agrum Helvetium a Germanis dividit; altera ex parte monte Jura altissimo, qui est inter Sequanos et Helvetios: tertia lacu Lemanno et flumine Rhodano qui Provinciam nostram ab Helvetiis dividit." Deal with this as with the preceding. 3. From Virgil:

(1) "Quin Decios Drusosque procul, sævumque securi

Adspice Torquatum, et referentem signa Camillum :"
(2) "Quis te, magne Cato, tacitum, aut te, Cosse, relinquat?
Quis Gracchi genus, aut geminos, duo fulmina belli,
Scipiadas, cladem Libya?"

Translate and explain. 4. Cicero enumerates the wars in which Pompeius had distinguished himself; among them, bellum "Hispaniense," bellum "servile," bellum "navale.”

Explain. 5. The expedition of the younger Cyrus against Persia, and that of Alexander: compare them. 6. Describe Athens. 7. Name in proper order the chief events of the Peloponnesian War, giving the geographical positions.


1. Where were Corinth, Thebes, Ephesus, Tarentum, Massilia, Saguntum? Where were the Pyrenæi Montes? What sea on the east of Græcia? What large islands near Italia? What large gulf in the south of Italia? Name the chief rivers of Hispania.

2. Cicero enumer

ates the wars in which Pompeius had distinguished himself; among them bellum "Hispaniense,” bellum “servile,” bellum "navale." Explain. 3. Three important battles in Grecian history; name the victorious and the vanquished party, and show the importance of the battles. 4. The expedition of Cyrus the Younger against Persia. 5. The siege of Syracuse. 6. The Athenian power at the beginning, and at the end, of the Peloponnesian War. How long did the war last? 7. The first secession of the Plebs: date, cause, and result. 8. The important battles of the Second Punic War; the commanders and victors in each. 9. The Gracchi, and their attempts at reform.


1. From Cæsar: "Extremum oppidum Allobrogum est proximumque Helvetiorum finibus, Geneva." "A lacu Lemanno, qui in flumen Rhodanum influit, ad montem Juram fossam perduxit." "Flumen est Arar, quod per fines Eduorum et Sequanorum in Rhodanum influit, incredibili lenitate, ita ut oculis, in utram partem fluat, judicari non possit." Translate these passages. Describe the geographical

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