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tomb of the two lovers. - On this spot the bodies of the stranger s were found the next morning. They liad shot each other with pistols, the triggers of which were so connected by a red riband, as to go off at the same moment. At first no trace of their history, or motive for their conduct, could be discovered : but at length it was ascertained, that the man laboured under some incurable disease, to which the physicians had convinced him he must fall a sacrifice within a given period. His mistress had determined to live no longer than her lover : they had, therefore, converted whatever they possessed into ready money, which they agreed to spend in the manner most congenial to their tastes; and as soon as their funds should be exhausted, which they had calculated would last to the predicted period when his disease must end his life, they had resolved to destroy themselves.' I. 300-302.
Mrs E. then dies; and the widower returns to England, and marries Miss Sneyd. He then takes up his abode for some time on his estate in Ireland; but afierwards settles in the neighbourhood of London. The two following detached anecdotes show human nature in its extreme stages of simplicity and corruption; and, we think, are both very striking.
One day, in one of the crowded streets, I met a poor young girl, who seemed utterly bewildered; she stopped me, to ask if I would tell her the name of the street she was in. Her accent was broad Scotch, and her look and air of perfect simplicity was, I perceived, not assumed, but genuine. I gave her the information she wanted, and asked her where she lived, and if she was in search of any friend's house. She said she did not live any where in London ; she was but just arrived from Scotland, and knew nobody who had any house or lodging of their own in town, but she was looking for a friend of the name of Peggy; and Peggy was a Scotch girl, who was born within a mile of the place where she lived in Scotland. Peggy was in seryice in London, and had written her direction to some house in this street; but the number of the house, and the names of the master or mistress, had been forgotten. The poor girl was determined, she said, to try every house, for she had come all the way from Scotland to see Peggy, and she had no other dependence !
• It seemed a hopeless case. I was so much struck with her sim. plicity and forlorn condition, that I could not leave her in this perplexity, an utter stranger as she evidently was to the dangers of London. I went with her, though I own without the slightest hope of her succeeding in the object of her search; knocked at every door, and made inquiries at every house. When we came near the end of the street, she was in despair, and cried bitterly ; but as one of the last doors opened, and as a footman was surlily beginning to answer my questions, she darted past him, exclaiming, “ There's Peggy!” She flew along the passage to a şervant girl, whose head had just appeared as she was coming up stairs. I never heard or saw stronger expressions of joy and affection than at this meeting: and I scarcely
ever, for any service I have been able in the course of my life to do for my fellow-creatures, received such grateful thanks, as I did from this poor Scotch lassy and her Peggy for the little assistance I afforded her.
• Another time, about this period, one evening in summer I happened to be in one of those streets that lead from the Strand toward the river. It was a street to which there was no outlet, and consequently free from passengers. A Savoyard was grinding his disre. garded organ; a dark shade fell obliquely across the street, and there was a melancholy produced by the surrounding circumstances that excited my attention. A female beggar suddenly rose from the steps of one of the doors, and began to dance ludicrously to the tune which the Savoyard was playing. I gave the man some money; and I observed, that, for such an old woman, the mendicant danced with great sprightliness. She looked at me stedfastly, and, sighing, added, that she could once dance well. She desired the Savoyard to play a minuet, the steps of which she began to dance with uncommon grace and dignity. I spoke to her in French, in which language she replied fluently, and in a good accent; her language, and a knowledge of persons in high life, and of books, which she showed in the course of a few minutes' conversation, convinced me that she must have had a liberal education, and that she had been amongst the higher classes of society. Upon inquiry, she told me that she was of a noble family, whose name she would not injure by telling her own; that she had early disgraced herself; and that, falling from bad to worse, she had sunk to her present miserable condition. I asked her why she did not endeavour to get into some of those asylums which the humanity of the English nation has provided for want and wretchedness ; she replied, with a countenance of resolute despair. “ You can do nothing more for me than to give me half a crown :it will make me drunk, and pay for my bed !”. I, 354–358.
At the end of a few years Honora dies, and Mr E. marries her sister Elizabeth, and makes globes and chronometers with great diligence in a house in Cheshire ;-and here his own part of the history is suddenly broken off, after bringing it down to the year 1761.
Miss E.'s part of the story begins with the return of her family to their Irish home in 1782—from which period, to the end of his days, Mr E. was, with few and transent exceptions, a constant and exemplary resident. Miss E. first gives us a short account of the way in which he let and managed his estates, and then a brief summary of the politics of the famous year 1782; during which her father took part with the volunteers and reformers-though with a due regard to the constitutional supremacy of the existing Parliament. We have next a miscellany of letters, of no very great interest, about his scheme for re. claiming boys by the use of moveable railways and friction
rollers; and about planting-education-medicine and mechanics. Upon Mr Day's death, he had a project of writing his lifebut afterwards resigned that task into the hands of Mr Keir. He continued, however, through all changes of public and private fortune, to amuse himself with mechanical contrivances, and to set an example of prudence, temperance and fairness, in his imą mediate neighbourhood. The following short passage contains a picture of one, we trust, of the lost genera of the native Irish, Mr E. had, as executor, to settle the affairs of a deceased reJative.
• In endeavouring to arrange with the creditors, he had of course some difficulties, and was ultimately at considerable loss; but when he attempted to collect what was due of arrears of rent on his relation's estate, the matter became not only difficult, but perilous; for it was his fate to have to deal with persons calling themselves gentleman tenants--the worst tenants in the world-middle-men, who relet the lands, and live upon the produce, not only in idleness, but in insolent idleness.
• This kind of half gentry, or mock gentry, seemed to consider it as the most indisputable privilege of a gentleman, not to pay his debts. They were ever ready to meet civil law with military brag of
Whenever a swaggering debtor of this species was pressed for payment, he began by protesting, or confessing, that “ he considered himself used in an ungentlemanlike manner;" and ended by offering to give, instead of the value of his bond or promise, “ the satisfaction of a gentleman, at any hour or place." Thus they put their promptitude to hazard their worthless lives, in place of all merit, especially of that virtue, by them most despised, perhaps because by them least known--erroneously called common honesty. It certainly was not easy to do business with those, whose best resource was to settle accounts by wager of battle with the representative of their deceased creditor; nor was it easy, while inferior persons felt it their interest and ambition to provoke their antagonist, to keep out of discreditable quarrels, by which nothing could be gained, and every thing might be lost. It required not only prudence and temper, but established character, with some weight of family connexions, and the united voice of good friends, to bear him out, at this time, in the cause of justice, when it was on the creditor side of the question.
My father has often since rejoiced in the recollection of his steadiness at this period of his life. As far as the example of an individual could go, it was of service in his neighbourhood. It showed, that such lawless proceedings as he had opposed, could be effectually resisted ; and it discountenanced that braggadocio style of doing business, which was once in Ireland too much in fashion, Such would no longer be tolerated in this part of the country; but such has been: and persons of the sort I have described flourished some thirty years ago, and were among a certain set popular as mer of undeniable spirit. II. 140, 141.
In 1795 he resumed and made public his speculations on the Telegraph, which had originated near thirty years before; and corresponded largely with Dr Darwin and Dr Beddoes on poetry, medicine, and philanthropy. Miss E. then gives a very interesting account of the methods adopted by her father in the education of his children. The substance of them is to be found in her valuable works on this subject; but the following have more of an individual character.
• When he was building, or carrying on experiments, or work of any sort, he constantly explained to his children whatever was doing or to be done ; and by questions adapted to their several ages and capacities, exercised their powers of observation, reasoning, and invention. It often happened that trivial circumstances, by which the curiosity of the children had been excited, or experiments obvious to the senses, by which they had been interested, led afterwards to deeper reflection or to philosophical inquiries, suited to others in the family, of more advanced age and knowledge. The animation spread through the house by connecting children with all that is going on, and allowing them to join in thought or conversation with the grown, up people of the family, was highly useful ; and thus both sympathy and emulation excited mental exertion in the most agreeable manner. - In trying experiments, he always showed that he was intent upon learning the truth, not upon supporting his opinion. By the examples he thus set us of fairness, candour, and patience, he trained the understanding to follow the best rules of philosophizing ; and, what is of more consequence for the happiness of the individual, he taught his pupils to apply philosophy to the government of the temper. He knew so exactly the habits, powers, and knowledge of his pupils, that he seldom failed in estimating what each could comprehend or accomplish.' He saw at once where their difficulty lay, and knew how far to assist, how far to urge the mind, and where to leave it entirely to its own exertions. His patience in teaching was peculiarly meritorious, I may say surprising, in a man of his vivacity. He would sit quietly while a child was thinking of the answer to a question, without interrupting, or suffering it to be interrupted, and would let the pupil touch and quit the point repeatedly ; and, without a leading cbservation or exclamation, he would wait till the steps of reasoning and invention were gone through, and were converted into certainties. This was sometimes trying to the patience of the by-standers, who often decided that the question was too difficult ; when, just at the moment that the silence and suspense could be no longer endured, his judgment has been justified, and his forbearance rewarded, by the child's giving a perfectly satisfactory answer. The tranquillizing effect of this patience was of great advantage. The pupil's mind became secure, not only of the point in question, but steady in the confidence of its future powers. It was his principle to excite the attention fully and strongly for a short time, and never to go to the point of fatigue. - It often happens that a preceptor appears to have great influence for a time, and that this power suddenly dissolves. This is, and must be the case, wherever any sort of deception has been used. My father never used any
artifice of any kind; and, consequently, he always possessed that confidence which is the reward of plain-dealing; a confidence which increases in the pupil's mind with age, knowledge, and experience. I dwell on this reflection, certainly, with pride and pleasure, as far as it concerns my father and my beloved preceptor ; but independently of private feelings, I trust that my strong assertion of this fact may be useful to the public. It may tend to convince parents that permanent influence over their children, that that influence which arises from grateful esteem, that which alone can endure from youth to age, may with certainty be obtained by PLAIN TRUTH.' II. 180-184,
When considerably turned of fifty, Mr E. married for the fourth time,--and with equal success as in all the later expedients. At the same mature period he obtained his first seat in Parliament; and the following discourse is said to have been actually held on the subject. On his way to Dublin, he met an intimate friend of his; one stage they travelled together, and a singular conversation passed. This friend, who as yet knew nothing of my father's intentions, began to speak of the marriage of some other person, and to exclaim against the folly and imprudence of any man's marrying in such disturbed times="" no man of honour, sense, or feeling, would encumber himself with a wife at such a time!”-My father urged that this was just the time, when a man of honour, sense, and feeling would wish, if he loved a woman, to unite his fate with hers, and to acquire the right of being her protector. — The conversation dropped there. But presently they talk. ed of public affairs of the important measure expected to be proposed of a union between England and Ireland—of what would probably be said and done in the next session of Parliament. My father, foreseeing that this important national question would probably come on, had just obtained a seat in Parliament. His friend, not knowing or recollecting this, began to speak of the imprudence of commencing a political career late in life. * No man, you know,” said he, “ but a fool, would venture to make a first speech in Parliament, or to marry, after he was fifty."-My father laughed, and, surrendering all title to wisdom, declared, that, though he was past fifty, he was actually going in a few days, as he hoped, to be niarried, and in a few months would probably make his first speech in Parliament," — His friend made as good a retreat as the case would admit, by remarking, that his maxim could not apply to one who was not going either to be married or to speak in public for the first time. II. 199-201.
There is then a little account of the rising in 1798, in the course of which Mr E.'s mansion was for some days in possession, or at least at the mercy, of the insurgents. His large fa